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南昌杯状耳手术价格国际新闻

楼主:99报 时间:2019年06月20日 17:48:30 点击:0 回复:0
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Anyone watching the first presidential debate would be forgiven for thinking the US was on the brink of collapse. 如果你观看美国总统候选人首场电视辩论后得出美国危在旦夕的印象,那是可以理解的。The Republican candidate, Donald Trump, insisted the US was a third-world country suffering an almost biblical flight of jobs to China and beyond. 共和党总统候选人唐纳#8226;特朗Donald Trump)坚称,美国是第三世界国家,承受着工作机会大规模流失到中国和其他地区的苦果。Violence was out of control and parts of the country were now in open warfare.国内暴力活动已经失控,部分地区如今陷于公开的冲突之中。Hillary Clinton’s language may have been rather less melodramatic. But she shared Mr Trump’s premise about the threat posed to the US by an open global economy. 希拉#8226;克林Hillary Clinton)的措辞或许没那么耸人听闻,但她也赞同特朗普关于开放的全球经济对美国造成威胁的观点。She declined the chance to re-embrace the Trans-Pacific Partnership that she once labelled a gold standard of trade deals. 她排除了重新持《跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》(Trans-Pacific Partnership,简称TPP)的可能性,她曾经称这份协定为贸易协定的黄金标准。She also failed to spell out what kind of America the world should expect if she were to succeed Barack Obama. 希拉里也未能阐明,如果她接替了巴拉克#8226;奥巴Barack Obama)之位,世界将会看到一个怎样的美囀?Their message to Americans was: Be afraid. Be very afraid. 这两位都向美国人传达了这样的信息:要小心,要十分小心。The rest of the world should take note.世界其他地区应该注意这一点。The big puzzle is the gap between the relatively healthy reality of the American economy, particularly compared with Europe and Japan, and the dystopia gripping its politics. 美国经济状况实际上是比较健康的,特别是与欧洲和日本相比的话,然而美国政坛却笼罩着一种反乌托邦情绪,这是让人颇为费解的地方。Contrary to Mr Trump’s depiction of a jobless America, the US unemployment rate is just 4.9 per cent, which is less than half that of parts of Europe.按照特朗普的描述,美国到处充斥着无业人员,而实际上美国失业率仅.9%,不到欧洲部分国家的一半。Even in rust belt states such as Michigan and Ohio, joblessness has fallen far and reasonably fast since the Great Recession of 2008. 就算是在密歇根州和俄亥俄州等锈带地区,自2008年大衰退(Great Recession)以来,失业率也以相当快的速度有了大幅度的下降。Moreover, immigrants, illegal or otherwise, are not taking all the jobs or suppressing workerswages. 另外,移民——不管是非法移民还是合法移民——并没有抢走所有的工作岗位,也没有拉低工资水平。The rate of illegal entries into the US mostly from Mexico has gone into reverse. 主要来自墨西哥的非法移民数量已经在减少。After a drought lasting more than a decade, US median incomes last year finally began to grow again. 在经历了长达10多年的停滞后,美国收入中值去年终于开始再次增长。It is one thing to scapegoat trade and foreigners in the midst of a depression. 在经济萧条时把贸易和外国人当成替罪羊是一回事。It is quite another to do so when recovery is finally bearing some fruit.在经济复苏终于取得一些成果时这么嫁祸于人就是另一回事了。That said, there is method in America’s frustration, even if the blame for it is misdirected. 话虽如此,美国的失望情绪自有其道理,即便个中原因受到了误导。Middle-class incomes have finally started to advance again. 中产阶级收入终于开始再次增长,但依然远低于本世纪初的水平。If annual income growth had tracked normal patterns, they would now be almost a third higher than they are.如果年度收入增长遵循正常形态,它们现在的收入将会高出近三分之一。The distribution of US aggregate growth has also skewed more sharply towards the top 10 per cent, particularly the top 1 per cent. 美国总体增长的分配向收入最高的10%人群——尤其是1%人群——倾斜得更厉害了。Meanwhile, US productivity growth, and trend annual growth in gross domestic product, have both slowed sharply in recent years.与此同时,美国生产率增速以及国内生产总GDP)趋势年度增长率在最近几年都大幅放缓了。There is little reason to suppose that there is another 1990s productivity miracle just around the corner. 几乎没有理由认为,上世纪90年代那种生产率增长奇迹即将重现。The outlook for blue-collar men in particular is bleak. 蓝领男性的前景尤其黯淡。One in eight prime-aged males is no longer in the job market, according to a report from the Council of Economic Advisers. 白宫经济顾问委员US Council of Economic Advisers)的报告显示,八分之一的壮年男性退出了就业市场。In the absence of a dramatic turnround in skills training, that number is set to rise further. 在技能培训没有显著改善的情况下,这一比例势必进一步上升。So too, will the politics of irate venting that has fuelled Mr Trump’s candidacy.发泄愤怒的政治策略——特朗普凭借这种策略获得候选人资格——也将更有用武之地。What can be done? The responsibility of a leader is to be straight with the people. 怎么做呢?领导人有责任向民众说清实情。Neither trade, nor technology, should be blamed for Washington’s failure to equip its workforce for the 21st century.政府未能帮助其劳动人口掌握应1世纪所需的知识技能,这不应该怪贸易,也不应该怪技术。Both Mr Trump and Mrs Clinton pander to the idea that comfortable mid-20th century factory-floor jobs can simply be willed back into existence. 特朗普和希拉里都附和有关20世纪中叶那种安逸的工厂工作还会回来的观点。It is a myth. 这简直是神话。The blame for America’s labour force woes and the increasingly skewed distribution of the fruits of growth are to be found at home. 美国劳动力困境和增长果实分配日益不公平的问题应该从国内找原因。It is Washington, not Beijing, which sets US tax rates. 是华盛顿、而非北京制定了美国税率。The answer to most of America’s challenges are to be found in the booming cities and technological hubs of 21st century America. 解决美国大部分挑战的可以1世纪美国那些欣欣向荣的城市和科技中心找到。Blaming it on foreigners may be good tactics. But it could result in terrible policies that will only deepen the malaise.怪罪在外国人身上可能是好策略,但可能导致糟糕的政策,从而加剧困境。来 /201609/468950Then-UK Prime Minister Tony Blair took Britain to war against Iraq in 2003 on the basis of flawed intelligence and failure to share many personal notes he sent to then-US President George W Bush with his ministers, according to a report on Britains role in the Iraq War published last Wednesday.上周三发布的一份关于英国在伊拉克战争中扮演的角色的报告显示,该国时任首相布莱尔基于错误的情报,在未向其大臣透露他与时任美国总统小布什私下沟通的诸多信息的情况下,将英国卷入003年的对伊战争中。The seven volume report, 2.6 million words long, was ordered by Blairs successor as Prime Minister, Gordon Brown in .这一总共七卷、多60万字的报告,是由布莱尔的继任者戈登·布朗首相于年下令安排的。The inquiry, which was seven years in the making, concluded that Britain joined the US-led invasion ;before the peaceful options for disarmament had been exhausted.; ;Military action at that time was not a last resort,; it said.这项历时7年的调查总结称,英国“在和平解除武装的所有尝试都失败前”就加入到了这场由美国主导的入侵行动中,“军事行动在当时并非最后的手段”。Blairs decision to invade Iraq was influenced by his interest in protecting the UKs relationship with the US, the report said.该报告称,布莱尔入侵伊拉克的决定是受到他志在保护英美关系的影响。Blair reacted to the report by saying his decision was ;taken in good faith and in what I believed to be the best interests of the country.; The former prime minister also said he would take full responsibility for any mistakes.布莱尔对报告做出回应称,他是出于;善意和他认为符合该国最大利益的考虑;做出的决策。他还称,自己愿为任何错误承担全部责任。Prime Minister David Cameron told the House of Commons, ;Clearly, we need to learn the lessons of this report.;现任首相戴维·卡梅伦向国会下议院表示:“很明显,我们需要从这份报告中吸取教训。”Opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn, who in the past has called for Blair to stand trial for war crimes, said the invasion had been on ;false pretexts, and has long been regarded as illegal. The war fuelled and sp terrorism in the region.;在过去曾呼吁布莱尔应该为战争的罪行受审的反对党领袖杰里米·科尔宾表示,该入侵是借一个错误的借口,一直也来也被认为是非法的借口而进行的。那次战争助长并蔓延了该地区的恐怖主义。”An estimated 150,000 Iraqis, mainly civilians, were killed in the invasion and its aftermath, and over one million made homeless.据统计,大约5万伊拉克人,其中大多数是平民,在战争及以后事件中被杀害,并且有超00万人无家可归。来 /201607/454727

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