明星资讯腾讯娱乐2019年10月19日 10:33:49
Airlines the world over have been going through torrid times, so it is no surprise that we’ve seen so many rushed into each other’s arms to merge, getting protection from consolidation. And after a long 60-month negotiation process, British Airways and Spanish Airlines Iberia are finally joined forces, creating a huge multi-million pound airline, a prospect aviation experts are pretty excited by. “It does make a very very strong airline, one that can, if it played its card right, if it gets its service right, if it gets their customers what they want, it can gain lot of revenue potential in the end, and of course, over the cost of synergy benefits as well.”And those synergies or savings, the company said would eventually be 360m pounds. The two global airlines combined will have more than 400 planes, and their passenger numbers are about the same. But even though British Airways has almost twice as many as the staff of Iberia, unions said they won’t worry about job losses. “I don’t think we have anything to fear about this. I think it could be good positive news. Er, for what at the moment seems to be a struggling airline. No one would want to see British Airways struggle. We everybody wants to see is a really good, sound, successful airline.”However, this deal gives Iberia 45% and British Airways 55% of the company, considerably less than the 60% the BA boss / wanted earlier in the talks. But his company’s huge losses and pension black hole are thought to have paid for those ambitions.But for customer, this is all about the choice of routes. At the moment if you want to travel to North or Central America or the middle of Far East, British Airways is the way to go. But Iberia has Latin America stitched up. So in theory, after the merger, let’s say you want to go from Dubai to Rio de Janeiro, it would be a lot easier for you and a lot more profitable for the company. In fact, BA customers will now have access to 59 new destinations, and Iberia will get to fly to 98 new airports. But until this recession is over and the market picks up, the new company is very unlikely to make any new profit at all.11/89592

Petraeus Accepts Some Pakistani Deals with Border Tribes美国愿与巴基斯坦一同打击恐怖份子The commander of U.S. forces in Central Asia and the Middle East, General David Petraeus, says Pakistan will likely have to make some deals with tribes along its border with Afghanistan in an effort to consolidate gains its military forces have made, but can not sustain on their own. Such deals have failed in the past, and U.S. officials have been skeptical of new ones.Speaking at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, General Petraeus praised Pakistan's recent military operations against terrorist groups in the semi-autonomous tribal areas along the border. But he says the Pakistani military is reaching the limit of its capacity.美军中央司令部司令彼德雷乌斯将军在战略和国际研究中心作演讲时,赞扬了巴基斯坦最近在边境沿线半自治的部落地区针对恐怖集团的行动。但是他说,巴基斯坦军方已经竭尽所能了。"The challenge is, of course, the limited assets that the government can support them with and that the military has access to, to do the rebuilding and to do the preparation for transitioning, even as they are working on holding with the military forces," said General Petraeus.彼德雷乌斯说:“当然问题在于巴基斯坦政府能用来持部落地区重建并为过渡作准备的资源有限,而军方在这些方面能得到的资源也有限,尽管政府官员正与军队一起努力保持这些地区的稳定。”General Petraeus says in order to free up forces for further operations, Pakistan will have to make some agreements with local tribes to keep the terrorists out of their areas.彼德雷乌斯将军说,为了让军队摆脱束缚以便采取进一步行动,巴基斯坦将必须与地方部落达成一些协议,以便把恐怖分子驱逐出他们的区域。"They are going to have to figure out how to hold some of these areas through agreements with tribal elements, not necessarily those that have signed on in the past with the Pakistani Taliban, but that is going to be the way ahead, I think," he said.彼德雷乌斯说:“他们将务必确定如何通过与部落成员达成的协议守住这些地区,那些地区不一定是过去曾与巴基斯坦塔利班签署的协议所涉及的地区,但是我认为那样做将是未来的方向。”Agreements with tribes have backfired in the past, providing the Taliban, al-Qaida and other groups with safe havens. But General Petraeus indicated the ed States would not object to new agreements as long as they do not involve tribes or local leaders who have worked with the terrorists. 政府与部落间的协议在过去曾经适得其反,给塔利班、基地组织和其他组织提供了避风港。但是彼德雷乌斯将军指出,美国不会反对巴基斯坦政府与部落签订新的条约,前提是那些曾经与恐怖份子合作过的部落和地方首领不会参与其中。201001/95370

Teenager‘s experiment with alcohol. In many countries and societies, that’s just a fact. And so many parents of teenagers may think that it’s a good idea to teach their kids to drink responsibly by having a few drinks with them. But according to at least one study, drinking with teens is not a good idea. In fact, it’s a very bad idea. The study argues that kids who are allowed to drink under adult supervision are more likely to develop drinking problems than kids whose parents have a hard and fast policy on their not drinking until they turn twenty-one. Now, this might strike you as strange and even unlikely. Will allowing your teenage kids to have a beer or two or a glass of wine with dinner really turn them into alcoholics? No, not in such absolute terms.【生词注释】alcohol n.酒responsibly adv. 有鉴别力地, 能明辨是非地supervision n. 监督; 管理policy n.规定alcoholic n. 酒鬼 在许多国家和社会,青少年喝酒已经是一个不辨的事实。许多青少年的父母也许认为和孩子们一起喝酒并教教孩子们有鉴别力地去喝酒是个很好的注意。但是根据最新的一项研究表明,和青少年一起喝酒并不是一个好注意。事实上,那是个很糟糕的主意。研究说被允许在成年人的监护下喝酒的青少年比直到年满21岁才被允许喝酒的青少年更可能形成许多酗酒问题。这可能让你感到很奇怪并感到不可能。吃饭时允许你的孩子喝一两杯啤酒或是一杯白酒真的让使他们成为酒鬼吗?不是的,不能一概而论。201110/158802

  Infants in the next generation saw their mothers washing potatoes, and virtually all the next generation, both male and female, grew up washing their food, but not the older males! Older males were resistant to the new idea, refusing to wash their food even when older females made the change. It was as if a new idea from a female, or perhaps a lower-ranking member of macaque society, were rejected by older males even though it was a good idea. They seemed to choose eating sand rather than admitting Imo was smarter than they were.下一代的幼猴看到他们的母亲洗土豆,几乎所有的下一代,无论雄性还是雌性,长大后都会洗食物。但老年雄候不会那样做!老年雄候不赞成洗食物的做法,甚至老年雌候改变时,他们同样会拒绝洗食物。似乎是这样:如果一个新的想法来自一个雌猴,或者一个较低级别的猕猴社会成员,即使那是一个好主意,老年雄猴也会拒绝。他们似乎宁愿选择吃沙子也不愿意承认Imo比他们聪明。165980

  U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates called on the NATO alliance Tuesday to chart a clear path toward relevance and enhanced capability as it faces a different set of threats than it was founded to address more than 60 years ago. Gates wants a key NATO document being drafted this year to advance a transformation theme U.S. leaders have been pressing for a long time.星期二,美国国防部长盖茨敦促北约盟国制定一条清晰的路线,以便适应目前北约所面对的与其60多年前创建时不同的威胁以及加强自身能力。盖茨希望北约今年草拟的一项重要文件将促进美国领导人长期以来一直在推动的转型过程。Secretary Gates told a NATO conference in Washington that the new Strategic Concept officials are set to write this year needs to address a wide range of issues in what he called a "succinct,... comprehensible and compelling" document that impresses Europeans raised in a post-Cold War and post-September 11 world.盖茨在华盛顿召开的一次北约会议上说,有关官员定于今年起草的新战略概念必须针对一系列广泛的问题。他说,这将是一个简洁、透彻和有力的文件。这个文件将触动在后冷战时期和9-11事件之后的世界中成长起来的欧洲人。"The demilitarization of Europe - where large swaths of the general public and political class are averse to military force and the risks that go with it - has gone from a blessing in the 20th century to an impediment to achieving real security and lasting peace in the 21st [century]," he said.盖茨说:“欧洲的非军事化已经从20世纪的一件好事变成在21世纪实现真正安全和持久和平的障碍,在欧洲,数量众多的一般公众和政界人士都不喜欢军事力量以及随之而来的危险。”Secretary Gates said Europe's people must come to understand the importance of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization as an international security alliance, not just an organization for the protection of Europe's territorial integrity, as it was at its founding in 1949.盖茨说,欧洲人必须理解北大西洋公约组织的重要性,北约不仅是一个国际安全联盟,而且是一个保护欧洲领土完整的组织,正如北约在1949年创建时那样。"Threats are more likely to emanate from failed, failing or fractured states than from aggressor states, where dangerous, non-state actors often operate from within nations with which we are not at war, or from within our own borders, and where weapons proliferation and new technologies make possible the specter of chaos and mass destruction in any of our capitals," he said .盖茨说:“威胁更可能来自那些已经失败或者正在失败的国家以及那些分裂的国家,而不是来自那些具有侵略性的国家。那些危险的行动者并非国家,他们在我们的境内活动,或者在一些国家内部活动,而这些国家与我们并不处于战争状态。武器扩散和新技术使得我们任何一个国家的首都都可能发生混乱和遭到大规模杀伤。”201002/97297。

  Cancer therapy癌症治疗Taking aim sooner即将实现对症下药If personalised medicine is to achieve its full potential, it should be used earlier on in clinical trials若想让个体化药物发挥最大潜力,那就应该尽早将它投入临床试验。Jun 9th 2011 | from the print editionONE of the prospects supporters of the Human Genome Project held out was personalised medicine. Knowing which genes were involved in a particular patient’s disease would allow drugs to be deployed with greater precision. That is starting to happen in the field of cancer. Several targeted therapies, aimed at specific cancer-causing mutations, including Gleevec for chronic myelogenous leukaemia and Herceptin for some types of breast cancer, have been spectacularly successful. Yet in most cases of cancer doctors still base their treatment on where in the body a tumour has sprung up, rather than on which molecular aberrations have caused it.人类基因组计划持者认为该计划的前景之一就是个体化药物。通过了解哪些基因与特定病人的疾病存在关联,会使药物的使用更加精确。在癌症领域,这种情况即将成为现实。几种针对特定致癌突变的靶向疗法——包括治疗慢性髓细胞性白血病的格列卫和治疗多种类型乳癌的赫塞汀——所展现出的治疗效果令世人瞩目。而在癌症的大多数病例中,医生们的治疗仍然基于人体中肿瘤出现的位置,而不考虑究竟是哪几种分子畸变导致了肿瘤的发生。The same is true of medical researchers recruiting volunteers for clinical trials, especially those known as phase I trials, in which a new drug is tested on people for the first time. Participants in such trials are often those whose tumour has sp beyond its original site, and will probably prove fatal. Usually, they have tried all proven therapies, to no avail. Their precarious condition means they are rarely accepted for phase II and III trials, which are more complicated and extensive.对于招募临床试验志愿者,尤其是所谓的第一阶段试验(在该阶段,人们要接受新药的第一次人体试验)志愿者的医疗研究员来说,情况也同样如此。该阶段试验的参加者通常是那些肿瘤发生扩散而远离初始位置的人,他们也将因此而有性命之忧。一般来说,他们已然尝试过所有经过验的疗法,却徒劳无功。他们危急的病情意味着只有少数人能接受更为复杂和广泛的第二和第三阶段试验。Oddly, though, even if the drug being tested is a targeted therapy the tradition in phase I trials has been to gather together patients with, say, lung cancer and assume that all carry the relevant mutation. That is because such trials are concerned mainly with testing a drug’s safety, not its efficacy. The volunteers are usually happy to go along with this. But the odds are not good. On average, fewer than 5% of participants in phase I trials respond successfully to the treatment.但是令人感到奇怪的是,即便所试验的药物是一种靶向治疗药物,第一阶段试验的传统也一直是招募病人,比如肺癌患者,并假定他们所有人都携带相关的突变体。那是因为这些试验主要关注点在于测试药品的安全性,而非有效性。志愿者通常愿意从头到尾全程配合,但是效果仍不甚理想。平均来说,在第一阶段试验中只有不到5%的参与者经过治疗后病情大有起色。201106/141187

  Helen Mirren pens memoirThe Oscar winning actress talks about her new book “In the Frame,” her mother and what a palm er predicted for herHelen Mirren took Hollywood by storm when she took on an Emmy Award, two Golden Globes and an Academy Award all in one year. The international super star took on the challenge of playing two of Britain’s most iconic figures, Elisabeth I and Elisabeth II. And now the 62-year-old is taking on the past again, telling her own life story. Helen Mirren’s book is In the Frame, My Life in Words and Pictures.Helen, good morning to you.Good morning.And I have to say, first of I learned in the book right away, Helen Mirren is not your real name.Well, actually it is my real name. But, em, you know, well, I was born with the name of Mironov. So, officially I guess I would be Mironov now, because my father was born in Russia.Which I didn’t realize (is) your paternal side, your grandfather actually was in the military during the Tsar. He came to England to purchase arms and live. (Absolutely) Russian Revolution breaks out; he’s suddenly a refugee and your dad was born in England.Yes, well, no, my dad was actually..(was aly born) was born in Russia. But he came at the age of two or three with my grandparents to England. So absolutely I’m half Russian, I would say it’s, my bottom half is Russian. HaWhy the bottom half?Well, you know, good old Russian peasants stopped down there, somewhere.Talk to me about your childhood, because your dad was a cab driver (Yes) and your mom was sort of a reluctant homemaker who wanted more for her girls.Yes, my mom was, is a very early feminist I guess. You know. The, you know, the issue of marriage and never came in up in our family. You know. "Oh, don’t worry, darling, you’ll get married and a man will take care of you." That was never promoted as a, as a sort of life choice. Our life choice was always, you must make your own money, you must have your own money, you must be economically independent of any one. And where my mom got that from, I don't know, but, yes, I think she was a reluctant mother. She was a great mom and she was fun, and you know, she cooked if you think she didn’t get up in the morning. But she was a great mother, but I don’t know if she really, really wanted to be a mother. I think a lot of women don’t actually.So, where did your love of acting come from?I don’t, I don’t know. I mean, er, I think a perfect combination of my parents. My, certainly one of my ancestors in Russia started one of the earliest theaters in Russia. It was a surf theater on Neri state. That was sort of like 300 hundred years ago. Em, so I had that in on my father side, or on my mother side, she was just a huge drama queen. So, you know.And yet, you write in your book: "Even now my relationship with the audience is ambivalent. I’m vaguely embarrassed by the idea of being looked at."Yes, yes, I just don't. Not all liked that to be looked at at all. They act sort of disappearance to something. And I think that is sort of the case…01/61403Bruce Lee 'Lost' Interviewan unedited 25 minute interview with Bruce Lee (1940-1973) on the Pierre Berton Show. Recorded on 9th December 1971 in Hong Kong, Bruce Lee ... all raquo; is seen being himself, speaking candidly and informally about his life, his martial art beliefs and philosophy. Through the programme Bruce's supreme confidence, charisma and focus provide a tremendous insight into the young Bruce Lee - the man behind the legend.Pierre Berton: What is the difference between Chinese boxing and what we see the young man doing at eight o'clock every morning on the rooftops (eha) and in the parks called "shadowboxing," which they're always...?Bruce Lee: well, actually, you see, that is part of Chinese boxing (it is). There are so many schools, different schools...Pierre Berton: Everybody here seems to be you know, going like this all the time.Bruce Lee: Haha, well, that's good. I mean, I mean I'm very glad, I'm very glad to see that because at least somebody is caring for their own bodies, right?Pierre Berton: yeah.Bruce Lee: I mean that's a good sign. Well it's a kinda of a slow form of exercise which is called "tai chi chuan". I'm speaking mandarin just now (yeah), in Cantonese, "Kai di kune", haha, Okay? (I see) And it's more than an exercise for the elderly, not so much for the young.Pierre Berton: Give me a demonstration, show me, can you do a little bit of it, just …?Bruce Lee: I mean, hand-wises, it's very slow and you push it out but all the time you are keeping the continuity going: bending, stretching, everything, you know, suppose, you know, I mean, you, you just keep it moving.Pierre Berton: It sounds like a ballet dancer there...Bruce Lee: Yeah, it is, I mean to them the idea is "Running water never grows stale." So you've got to just "keep on flowing."Pierre Berton: Of, of all your students, famous, James Garner, Steve McQueen, Lee Marvin, James Coburn, Roman Polanski, which was the best? Who, who adapted best to this oriental form of exercise and defense?Bruce Lee: well, um, depending, ok? Now, as a fighter, Steve, Steve McQueen, now, he is good in that department because, that son of a gun has got the toughness in him....Pierre Berton: Yeah, I see it on the screen....Bruce Lee: I mean, he would say, "all right baby, here I am, man," you know, and he'll do it, (yeah) now James Coburn is a peace-loving man....Pierre Berton: I've met him.Bruce Lee: Right? I mean, (yeah) you've met him....Pierre Berton: Yeah.Bruce Lee: I mean he's really, really nice, I mean super mellow, or, and all that...Pierre Berton: Yeah, he is!Bruce Lee: You know what I mean? Now he appreciate(d) the philosophical part of it. Therefore, he's understanding of it, is deeper than Steve. So it's really hard to say, you see what I'm saying now?Pierre Berton: I see....Bruce Lee: I mean it's, I mean it's different, that's, depending on what you see in it...Pierre Berton: Interesting, that, we don't, in our world, and haven't since the days of the Greeks who did, combined philosophy and arts with sport. But quite clearly the oriental attitude is that the three, are facets of the same things.Bruce Lee: Man, listen, you see, really, to me, ok, to me, ultimately, martial art means honestly expressing yourself. Now it is very difficult to do. I mean it is, it is easy for me to put on the show and be cocky (yeah) and be flooded with a cocky feeling and then feel, like pretty cool and all that. Or I can make all kinds of phony thing, you see what I mean? Blinded by it. Or I can show you some, really fancy movement, but, to express oneself honestly, not lying to oneself, and to express myself honestly now, that, my friend is, very hard to do. And you have to train. You have to keep your reflexes so that when you want it, it's there! When you want to move, you are moving and when you move you are determined to move, not taking one inch, not anything less than that, if I want to punch, I'm gonna do it man, and I'm gonna do it. You see, so I mean, so that is the type of thing you have to train yourself into it, to become one with the…, you think.Pierre Berton: Yeah, this is very un, western, this attitude. I want to ask you about your movie and TV career, but first uh, we take a break, and we will be back with Bruce Lee.Pierre Berton: I've been taking to Bruce Lee, mainly about the Chinese martial arts which include things like Chinese boxing, karate and judo, which is what he taught when he was in Hollywood after he left the University of Washington, where he studied, of all things, philosophy, if you can believe that. But he did, but that, perhaps you understand why the two go together from the first half of this program. And you can perhaps understand how he got into films, he knew a lot of actors but I'm told that you got the job on the green hornet, where you played Kato, the chauffeur mainly because you were the only Chinese-looking guy who could pronounce the name of the leading character, Brich Reid!Bruce Lee: I meant that as a joke of course, haha. And it's a heck of name, man, I mean every time I said it, at that time I was super-conscious, I mean, really now, that's another interesting thing, huh? Let's say if you learn to speak Chinese...Pierre Berton: yeah?Bruce Lee: And it's very, I mean it's not difficult to learn and speak the words. The hard thing, the difficult thing, it's behind what is the meaning, what brought on the expression and feelings behind those words, like when I first arrived in the ed States and I looked at a Caucasian, and I really would not know whether he was putting me on (yeah) or is he really angry? Because, because we have different way of reacting to it, (of course) those are the difficult things, you see?Pierre Berton: It's almost as if you came upon a strange race or a smile didn't mean what it does to us. In fact, a smile doesn't always mean the same, does it?Bruce Lee: of course, not.Pierre Berton: Yeah, and it's a problem of that. Tell me about the big break when you played in long street...Bruce Lee: Ahh, that's it.Pierre Berton: I must tell our audience that Bruce lee had a bit part, or a supporting role in, in the long street series and this had an enormous effect on the audience. What was it?Bruce Lee: well,…02/62584

  Let me see that thong... lawsuit A California woman is suing Victoria's Secret because she says she was injured while putting on her thong. Willie Geist has the story on today's News You Can't Use. (Oh, is that time?) It's time for a quick version of (Oh, Willie.) News You Can't Use. We only have time for one story. So, Mica, (Oh, dear.) I have to give you the one I promise you. You asked for filth, I give you filth. (Oh, dear.) A Californian woman is suing Victoria's Secret because she says she was injured while putting on her thong underwear. (That'll do it?) (Okay.) Seeking unspecified damage, the 52-year-old woman (Come on.) says she was injured by a defective, low-rise, V-string from the "Sexy Little Thing" collection of Victoria's Secret. She says a design problem cause a decorative metal piece on that throng to strike her in the eye as she was putting on the underwear, so she's damaged her cornea, and she wants Victoria's Secret to pay. Again, recapping our top story, "Woman suing Victoria's Secret after she was injured by her own underpants." Uh, Mica what do you think of that story. Um, I'm, I`m good, that's fine, thank you Willie, haha. You know, Willie, (yeah, yeah.) sometimes, the cable guys smile upon you in a way that makes me think that though you are not Irish, you do have a luck of the Irish, (Well I'm gonna be following the story very closely for us to have an update tomorrow.) that, is great, that is a good example of the glass half-full for Willie guys all the time. (seriously, ) And the , (Don't you hate those defective thongs.) and Willie, where did you, where did you select ah, (I thought the product was all right) the for that, because some of that really didn`t even go along with the story. Well, that's hardly the point, is it? It's uh, you get the, you get the idea, thongs like, thongs you're seeing here. (Ok, thank you.) File, it's file footage, file thongs footage, we've dug it up. (You know.) (Stop it) You know, (You got, ah…) Oh, Jesus, oh, I'll tell you what, you know the thing that we only, we only gave Willie 35 seconds this entire hour, (Yes, I make the most of it), we, we, we, we try to save the Earth, we try to solve the immigration, (you did) we try to talk politics, (But he can save people from thongs, that's okay, too.) but in 35 seconds, you`ve taken it so far off the ditch, that Mica is feeling a little dirty. That's why I'm here, well Mica you asked for it, you got it.200812/58993Central banks target credit crunchZeb Bham of Corporate FX on a federal interest rate cut and central banks' decision to help end credit woesA: What do you make of this decision by the, by the central banks to, to club together to ensure that, the credit market doesn’t freeze up ? B: I think Wednesday’s report that they were working together to auction off the, er… extra funds, er… over a 3-month period was sort of er…seen as a bit of er… a bit of positive for the markets and we saw most of the stock markets rally. But since then, the markets had digested that information and realized that this injection isn’t really going to er…alleviate the problems that we’ve seen in the credit crunch.A: It was like the interests rate cut, wasn’t it? Really, the day before, where from the Fed, it was an interests rate cut which everyone wanted, everyone said we were gonna get, but it didn’t go quite far enough. It was the same with…with what the central banks did, we are talking about a lot of money in you and me terms, something like 49 billion dollars, but it’s in banking terms, it’s a relatively small amount, isn’t it?B: Yeah, it indeed. It is a relatively small amount, and because it’s for such a short period of time. That’s the reason why the markets have taken this negative impact. I mean in Asia, we’ve seen the… the stock markets over there, react pretty badly, and the Asian Central Bankers haven’t really followed suit with what the Europeans and the Americans are doing, but the fears are still there that if the credit crunch continues, they could see their exports being crippled.A: And what do you make of the… the interests rate cut by the Fed earlier in the week, a quarter of a percentage point, er.. it was what everyone wanted, as I said, but the reaction was more sort of “Come on guys, what planet are you living on there in the…in the Fed, you know, living in the same world as the rest of us?”B: Exactly, I think it was mu(ch), came out much in lie, er… however, the rhetoric after meeting suggested that they are sort of …paving way for further rate cuts despite the inflation being pretty high, we saw both RPI and PPI coming out stronger than expected, em… and also we got CPI this afternoon, if we see this hotter than expected, it’s aly expected to come out at 4.1%, even if you strip out food and oil from there, it's still expected to come out at 2.3 which is above the Fed's two percent target.A: It’s interesting to hear you talk about inflation, and the Fed obviously sounded a lot of caution about inflation, and yet we had a survey out earlier this week which said that most of the American public thinks that the economy is aly in recession.B: Exactly, em… I think the, the word rather than recession is stagflation. We have, we are having problems with inflation at the moment, and the Fed with the difficult position of trying to control that, while it's at the same time, trying to prevent the er… American economy going into recession, and that’s where we see the rate cuts coming into play, the question now is whether the rate cuts are going to fuel inflation, or whether they are going to control er…growth as the U.S. is expecting.A: And what’s your gut feeling about the CPI today with Bridge Rick and ...?B: I think CPI’s gonna come out slightly hotter than expected, em… mostly due to higher fuel and energy cost, and the RPI and PPI gave us that direction as well. If we see it come out hotter, I think the Fed are gonna have to make another difficult rate decision about whether they are going to raise rates in January, and the …interesting to know the interests rate futures market is still predicting, 100% chance that the Fed are going to raise rate in January.Notes: PPI:roducer Price Index 生产价格指数RPI:Retail Price Index 零售价格指数CPI:Comsumer Price Index 消费者价格指数02/62421

  Raise Green Kids Deirdre Imus talks about her book "Growing Up Green: Baby and Child Health Care". Sam: Now our count it down to Earth Day. We are showing you how to green in every aspect of your life, how to go green. And we are kicking off this series this morning with Deirdre Imus, the author of "Growing Up Green!---Baby and Child Care". Now her book is a roadmap for how to raise all of our children in a healthy and environmentally friendly way. It's packed with really wonderful tips. We are just goanna show you some of them here but I have to admit aly I have a crush on you, Deirdre Imus, and I`ll tell down that I am sorry but I really do, I, even before I met you I did, because these are such great ideas. But... D.I.: Thank you, thank you. Sam.Sam: Tell me why is it even important for us to be thinking about raising a child environmentally friendly from day one. Why is that important?D.I.: It's important because our children are being exposed in all directions from their food, everyday products, cleaning products everything in the home. The air, our soil, our water is polluted. Many these products in our food chain has carcinogens and neurotoxins and endocrine disrupters, hormone disrupters , so it makes sense to use at least some of toxicity with everything you do with your children for alive. Sam: And ing this, it starts to make sense to me because we have somebody crying in the studio. It starts to make sense to me because (Oh, baby) you smell the product when you spray, it smells harsh to you, but the kids are on the floor, (Right!) they have their mouth on the table, they are actually ingesting all these stuff. Let's start with the house cleaning products and do we get the chemicals out of these products? D.I.: Yes, these products are all non-toxic products, the great example here of hand dish, distilled white vinegar which has been around for years, and then non-toxical purpose cleaners. The difference with the green and non-toxic cleaning products is that they do not contain chlorine bleach (alright) or ammonia or any of those synthetic chemicals. Sam: Those are two that we are really worried about, chlorine and ammonia. D.I.: Really. Especially chlorine bleach for moms that have little babies and pets. It's a low-lying chemical, which means it`s at around our knees here. It stays at that level where your child's mouth is breathing, (inhaling) a young child. So it's much more detrimental to children. Sam: I love your tip that cleaning products should look like water because if they don't, then they have chemicals and false colorings and everything else, sort of. So they should look clear like that. I didn't think about that.D.I.: Unless they use vegetable dye for their colorings, they are naturally going to be clear. Otherwise they have synthetic chemicals that are very harmful. Sam: I didn't even think about that. Sam: Now glass bottles. This was the biggest news yesterday with the plastic bottles, glass bottles and baby food, organic baby food. Tell me why organic food`s important. D.I.: Organic food is important because organic means that all the food that you are feeding your child does not have pesticides. Again, pesticides are known carcinogens and neurotoxin and are totally in links from studies with all the children's illnesses that will happen. It smells good, right?Sam: It does smell good. D.I.: "EARTHS BEST" (the trademark of an organic food for children) has been around, this is what I fed my son, my nine-year-old son and I've even eaten this baby food, there's a study that was done where they found in conventional baby food over 16 different pesticides, just in a jar of baby food. Sam: See, and let's see, let's say that again, because when I that this morning, getting y for your interview, that really shocked me. Sixteen in a test of baby food, regular baby food. (Right!) How many pesticides did they found? D.I.: Sixteen they found. And pesticides are known carcinogens and neurotoxins and are linked to everything from cancer, to autism, to learning disabilities, allergies, asthma. Sam: Well, let's be fair, this cost more money than regular baby food right now, by about how much?D.I.: Well it does cost a little more, but also you can buy them in bulk. You can go to certain stores, health food stores now that they are more cost-competitive and of course now Gerber has an organic line as well. Sam: OK, that's helpful.D.I.: So,there`s alternative, but you can make your own baby food. I did that as, when my child was a baby, it's easy to make, just mashing up the yams and the potatoes and the green vegetables. It`s, it`s easy. Sam: so in that way, it isn't more expensive. And you can keep ... D.I.: No, it's not.D.I.: So a lot of them you can put in glass jars at home, and it`s, you save money. Sam: There are so many more tips in this book, there,from the school stuff that we just... I wanted to talk about this. This really bothered me when I heard about this from....D.I.: Well, the baby bottles are big thing too, glass bottles are the gold standard for baby bottles. I highly recommend glass. For whatever reason, if someone doesn't want glass and there is healthier plastic bottles, but still it's plastic. They've taken out the major chemicals in them but they are still toxic. Sam: We'll link you if you are interested in this topic to her book and everything else you need to know in abcnews.com. This was just wonderful. Again, (Thank you!) there`s one of the reasons, one of the reasons that I have a crush on you!kick off: Originally means to make the kick that begins a football game. But here just means to start, to begin.carcinogen: A cancer-causing substance or agent.neurotoxin: A toxin that damages or destroys nerve tissue.endocrine : The secretion of an endocrine gland; a hormone.01/61101

  A college education is out of reach for most state and federal prisoners. California’s San Quentin is one of the few prisons in the country that offers college-level courses.大学教育在大多数州和联邦监狱都是不可能的。加州圣昆廷监狱是全美为数不多的提供大学课程的监狱之一。Jody Lewen has run the facility’s college program for over a decade and she's the reason that the Prison University Project exists today. 乔迪·勒文经营这座监狱的大学教育计划已经10多年了。正是因为她,监狱的大学计划才能够存在到今天。Taking chargeWhen Lewen joined San Quentin's college program in 1999 as a volunteer instructor, it was run by a small volunteer staff with no budget. At that time, she was a graduate student, with plans to return to academic research. But a year later, when the part-time director suddenly quit, Lewen found herself in charge.勒文1999年作为志愿教师加入了圣昆廷监狱大学教育计划。这个计划没有预算,由几个志愿者经营。勒文回忆说,她希望把高等教育带给缺少机会的人。她当时还是一名研究生,原计划回去从事学术研究。但是,一年后,这个计划的兼职主任突然辞职,勒文不得不担负起监狱大学计划的责任。"I thought for a long time it was just temporary and that somebody else was going to keep the program running," she says. "But once I started doing the work and got more deeply involved, I also began to see the potential the program had. And I started to think more and more about what this program could become. There was nobody else to run it. And I thought it would just be one of those failures for the rest of my life if I let it fold.勒文说:“我一直认为这只是暂时的,会有别人来接手。但是,当我开始做并更深地投入进去后,我逐渐看到这个计划的潜力。我开始越来越多地思考它的发展前景、务对象以及有可能实现的价值和理想等。我真的开始着迷了。没有其他人接手。我想,如果我让这个计划半途而废,这将成为我一辈子的失败之一。”Expanded programUnder Lewen’s leadership, the Prison University Project has expanded, now offering 20 classes in English, math, the humanities, social science and Spanish. Three hundred inmates enroll every semester, earning college credits which can lead to an associate of arts degree. Lewen has recruited more than 150 volunteer teachers and graduate students from nearby colleges and universities. She says attracting teachers is not difficult, although some of the new instructors are nervous their first time at San Quentin.在乔迪·勒文的领导下,监狱大学计划得到大大地扩充,提供英语、数学、人文学、社会科学和西班牙语等20门课程。每学期都有300名监狱犯人注册上课,他们取得大学学分,最终能拿到副学士学位。勒文从附近大专院校聘请了150名志愿教师和研究生。她说,吸引教师来这里并不难,尽管有些新教师第一次来圣昆廷监狱感到紧张。"When I talk to people about this work, very often they assume that the students are very aggressive and very difficult, all the stereotypes people have in their minds about people who are incarcerated," says Lewen. "They assume they're a lot of troublemakers and are goofing off and they don't want to do their work. That stereotype has nothing to do with reality."她说:“当我为他们做介绍时,他们往往以为这里的学生具有攻击性,难对付。他们对被关押的犯人存在各种各样的偏见。他们以为会遇到很多调皮捣蛋、游手好闲、不肯工作的人。这个偏见和现实毫无关系。”Sookyoung Lee teaches a class on critical thinking and research. She finds her students are curious and engaged.苏克扬·李正在教批判思维和研究课程。她说,她的学生非常好奇,而且全神贯注。201104/130150。

  ;In spite of the fact that we call it the Big Bang theory, it really says absolutely nothing about the Big Bang. Ah, it doesnt tell us what banged, why it banged, what caused it to bang. Ah, it doesnt even describe, it doesnt really allow us to predict what conditions are immediately after this bang.; ;尽管我们称之为宇宙大爆炸理论,但它却和宇宙大爆炸一点关系都没有。它并不告诉我们什么爆炸,为什么爆炸及其原因。啊,甚至连描述都没有,真的不允许我们推测这次爆炸后到底具备了什么条件。; ;The fundamental problem of Cosmology is that the laws of physics, as we know them, break down at the instant of the Big Bang. Well, some people say whats wrong with that, whats wrong with having the laws of physics collapse. Well, for a physicist this is a disaster. All our lives we dedicated to the proposition that the universe obeys knowable laws, laws that can be written down in the language of mathematics. And here we have the center piece of the universe itself, a missing piece beyond physical law.; ;宇宙物理学定律最根本的问题是物理法则,如同我们的,在大爆炸的瞬间瓦解。有些人说这又怎么了,物理学定律崩溃怎么了。嗯,对于物理学家来说,这是一个灾难。所有我们的生命都要奉行宇宙可知法律,这是以数学语言写成的定律。而宇宙的中心本身就是一种我们未知的及迷失的超越物理的法则。; The very beginning of the Big Bang was the single, biggest mystery in all of Cosmology. It was called the Singularity. 一开始大爆炸是宇宙学单一的,最大的迷团。这就是所谓的奇异点。 ;When you extrapolate Einstein general theory relativity back to the beginning, you discover what would be called Singularity, the Cosmic Singularity which is to say that the equations blow up.; ;当从原点推断爱因斯坦的相对论,你就会发现什么被称为奇异,宇宙的奇异性即爆炸。; 听力文本来源于普特英语 166554

  今天,我们来探讨一下为什么人们会打呵欠。专家们指出, 打呵欠不仅仅是因为你困了。当你对什么事表示担忧,或者有点烦躁,无聊的时候也会打呵欠。Today, a student from the Caribbean island of Bonaire asks the scientists about something all animals do. Ziran Chin-On: I’m Ziran, I’m 15 years old and question is why do people yawn? yamn:呵欠For an answer, EarthSky asked a neuroscientist at the University of Maryland, Baltimore. He studied yawning for over 30 years – but says why we yawn is still something of a mystery. Here’s Dr. Robert Provine. Robert Provine: Yawning is a curious behavior because on one level, you can say that we don’t really understand why we do it. So throughout our life, in face, even before birth, we start yawning. And it’s unclear about why we produce this act. Provine said you might yawn because you’re tired,anxious, or bored. Robert Provine: What all of these things have in common is a change in state. We’re changing from one kind of mood, one kind of exercise level to another. Yawning may help us through these states by stirring up our physiology. stirring up adj. 搅拌的(翻料的),激动人心的Yawning is also highly contagious – which makes it even more interesting to neuroscientists. Robert Provine: It gives us insight about how the brain links people together in social patterns.Scientists at the University of Albany have also suggested that yawning may cool down our brains. Our thanks to Ziran Chin-On and Dr. Robert Provine. Thanks also to the Monsanto Fund. I am Joel Block from Eamp;S, a clear voice for science. We are at Eamp;S. org.04/67453

  Truth about Che is uncomfortable when cornered by some old man about the true story of Che,Benicio who starred in the film chose to leave.Oh, hey, I'm getting uncomfortable.No, those weren't the words of my houseboy, Paco, after I lost the belt to my shorty robe.It was actually from the great mumbler, Benicio del Toro, star of the 28-hour long epic "Che", after being peppered by questions from folks who remembered — factually — the suffering at the hands of the newly deified revolutionary/homophobe.According The Washington Times, after a screening of the film, Benicio granted an interview to the film press — who are usually a mass of celebrity ass-kissers wrapped in a cocoon of anti-Americanism.So imagine del Toro's surprise when some old man actually pressed him on the real history of Che: That he was a heartless killer, a creator of forced labor camps and a Stalinist who relished executing critics without much thought.But no one needs to hear that crap. After all, it gets in the way of the story, as Benicio admits: "We have to omit a lot of stuff about his life."The actor did get upset — finally — over the sheer rudeness of hearing the phrase "concentration camps", used by a man who was really in one of them. It was then Benicio knew it was time to leave. So, like many people who went to see his movie, he walked out of the interview well before it ended.It's a shame that in real life, Cuba had to stay through the end.And if you disagree with it, then you sir, you are worse than Hitler.03/63491

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