时间:2019年08月24日 15:04:06

If you were to believe the headlines in most newspapers, you would assume women do not like each other very much. Consider: “My female boss wouldn’t promote me because I’m pretty”; “A scheming harpy stole my man”; “I have no women friends because I like wearing short skirts”; and “Women hate me because I’m so beautiful”. The list goes on.如果你相信大部分报纸上的新闻标题,就会认定女人都不太喜欢女人。想想以下这些说法吧:“我的女老板不提拔我,因为我漂亮”;“一个诡计多端的恶女人偷走了我的男人”;“我没有女性朋友,因为我喜欢穿短裙”;“女人恨我,因为我太美了”。如此等等。I am a feminist, so I should deny that any of this goes on, right? I should believe women are amazing and we all support each other without question. We are paragons of virtue, models of kindness. The day I became a feminist was the day I realised that all those snide insinuations that we are our own worst enemies were just patriarchal nonsense designed to keep us down.我是一个女权主义者,因此我应当否认这些现象的存在,不是吗?我应该相信,女性都很了不起,总是无条件地持彼此;我们是道德典范、善心大使。自从我成为女权主义者的那天起,我就意识到,所有那些暗示“女人最大的敌人是她们自己”的说法,都是男权主义者们捏造出来的谎言,目的就是阻挡女性前进的脚步。But there is some truth in both positions. Women can be cruel to each other Women can deliberately sabotage each other’s success. But the way this is interpreted – as the consequence of some innate female “cattiness” – ignores the position women are placed in from the moment they are born.尽管我赞同女权主义的观点,但也承认现实的存在。现实中,女人对女人可能的确会很残忍,有些女人还会蓄意破坏其他女人的成功。但如果把这些现象解读为女性天生就“阴险”,那就忽视了一点——就是女人们在出生那一刻就被赋予的社会位置。Women grow up being taught about what men have done through history. Male scientists, male mathematicians, male leaders – even when the peasants get involved, it is all about men. They see male politicians on the television talking to male journalists. They see men running around kicking, hitting, dunking balls. They books and watch films where men take action and where women talk about men taking action.女性在成长过程中得到的教育,都是有关男性是如何创造历史的。男性科学家、男性数学家、男性领导者...... 甚至连提到农民时,也主要是男性。她们在电视上看到的是男性政治家接受男性记者的采访。她们在运动场上看到男人在跑动、踢球、击球、扣篮。她们读的书、看的电影描述的都是男人在行动,女人出现时,也只是在谈论男人的行动。When men still hold the reins, should we be surprised that women see other women as a threat, as potential usurpers of the male attention they need to succeed? It is clear where power lies – so is it any surprise when women know on which side their b is buttered? Should we be surprised when this manifests itself in agreeing with the umpteenth man that his girlfriend does sound hysterical, whilst making it clear that you yourself are the picture of rationality? Should we be surprised when it manifests itself in resentment and jealousy of the few women who do manage to break through? In the playground, no one bullies the strong, they bully the weak. And the behaviour that sees women attacking each other illustrates that women still tend to lack power.当男性依然处于控制地位时,女人将其他女人看作威胁、看作夺取男性注意力以便获得成功的潜在敌人,有什么好让人惊讶的?当权力在两性间的倾斜如此明显时,女人去依附能给她带来最大利益的人,有什么好让人惊讶的?当我们告诉第N个男人,他的女朋友的确有些歇斯底里,然后赶紧宣称我们自己通情达理,有什么好让人惊讶的?女人怨恨和嫉妒少数几个真正取得突破的女性,又有什么好让人惊讶的?在运动场上,没人欺负强者。女人彼此攻击,恰恰表明女性依然是弱者。This resentment does not just arise over success – or at least, not traditional definitions of success. I recently ran a fairly high-profile feminist campaign to make sure at least one woman (other than the Queen or Britannia) was depicted on English banknotes. Happily, we won. But in the aftermath of that, I was subjected to a barrage of violent rape and death threats. The vast majority of women were supportive. They had been there, some of them said. And they had been ignored.女人对女人的怨恨,并不仅仅针对那些获得成功的同类——起码并非仅仅是传统意义上的那种成功。比如,最近我组织了一次非常高调的女权运动,要求英国纸币上至少印有一名女性形象(除了女王之外)。令人欣慰的是,我们赢了。但之后我收到了一系列暴力和死亡威胁。大部分女性是持我的。她们中的一些人说,也受到过类似攻击,却没人重视。It was different for me. I was not ignored. Because of my campaigning, the media took an interest in the backlash that followed – and media pressure forced the police to investigate crimes that they had ignored when perpetrated against less high-profile women. This disparity led some of those women to take their resentment out on me. Rather than rail against a system that unfairly privileges certain women over others, they railed against a woman who had unfairly benefited from it.但我的情况不同,我没有被忽视。因为我发起的运动,媒体对事后我受到的攻击产生了兴趣。迫于媒体压力,警方开始介入调查,而如果受到攻击的女性不那么引人注目,警方是不会理会那些罪行的。我的境遇好于其他女性,使得她们中的一些人迁怒于我。她们没把矛头指向那个不公平的、赋予其中一些女性“特权”的那个体系,却把矛盾指向了不公平地受益于这个体系的我。Feminism has long ignored this issue – and with good reason. With women pilloried, misrepresented, and under-represented in public life, why would we give that culture more ammunition? Why would we give that culture more excuses for claiming that women are their own worst enemies – and that is why they have failed to achieve equality?女权主义者一直以来都选择忽视这类现象,这不无理由。在公众生活中,女性仍然受到束缚、被曲解、没有足够的话语权。所以女人为何还要承认最大的敌人就是自己——所以我们无法取得真正的平等呢?这种说法看上去只会给男权文化找到更多借口,赋予它更大力量。This reaction is understandable, but ultimately futile. More than this, it is damaging. If feminism keeps ignoring this issue, then it accepts the sexist narrative about why it arises. What we need to do instead is to acknowledge the anger and understand it. Until we stop brushing this issue under our copies of The Female Eunuch, it will never be resolved. Feminism will continue to fail women who have been so traumatised by growing up in a society that devalues them and threatens them with violence, that they fight back in the only way that feels safe: against each other.这种反应是可以理解的,但最终是无益的,甚至是破坏性的。如果女权主义始终忽视这个问题,就相当于接受性别主义者对问题根源的解释。我们所需要做的就是,承认愤怒的存在并理解它。如果我们总是用一本《女太监》(The Female Eunuch,70年代出版的一本女权主义经典书籍——译者注)来解释所有的问题,那么它们就永远得不到解决,女权主义将继续让女性失望。在一个贬低女性价值、女性不时受到暴力威胁的社会中成长,女性受害已经如此之深,以至于只有一种回击方式能让她们感到安全,那就是为难其他女人。 /201311/265473

Christmas 圣诞节 It all began about 2,000 years ago. An angel appeared to a Jewish girl named Mary and gave her good news: You will have a son. His name will be Jesus, the Savior. When the baby was almost due, Mary and her fiance Joseph went to their hometown, Bethlehem, for a census. The only place they could find to stay was an animal stable. There the special baby was born.这一切大约是在两千年前开始的,一位天使向一位叫马利亚的犹太女孩显现,并且告诉她好消息:「你将怀生子,给他起名叫耶稣,就是救世主。」当马利亚的产期近了的时候,马利亚和的未婚夫约瑟因户口调查的缘故回到家乡伯利恒城。他们所找到唯一能够落脚的地方是一个动物住的地方。这位特别的婴孩就在那里出生。 Angels announced the joyful news to some shepherds. They left their sheep and hurried to see the baby. Some time later, wise men from the East saw an unusual star. They knew someone great had been born. The star led them to Bethlehem. When they found the child Jesus, they offered him gifts fit for a king. 天使对一些牧羊人报告这个大喜的讯息。他们便丢下自己的羊赶去看这位婴孩。不久之后,东方的士看见一颗很不寻常的星星,他们知道某位伟人诞生了。这颗星将他们引导到伯利恒,当他们找到了孩童耶稣时,他们献上了适合国王身份的礼物。 The celebration of this special birth came to be called Christmas. Through the ages, people developed many Christmas traditions. The custom of decorating Christmas trees began centuries ago. People in many ancient cultures decorated homes with trees and greenery in winter. In the Middle Ages, Christians in Europe added lights and religious symbols to evergreens to make Christmas trees. Santa Claus has become one of the most famous Christmas figures, particularly in America. His legend started with a kind bishop named St. Nicholas who lived around 300 A.D. and was known for his generosity. The practice of giving Christmas gifts comes from the gifts offered to the child Jesus by the wise men of the East. The star on top of the Christmas tree symbolizes the star that led the wise men to Jesus. 为这个特别诞生所做的庆祝被称为圣诞节。经过这些年,人们发展出了许多圣诞节的传统,装饰圣诞树的习俗在数百年前开始。在许多古老文化中,人们在冬天利用树和绿叶植物装饰自己的家。在中世纪,欧洲的基督徒在万年青上面加上灯光和宗教象征物成为圣诞树。圣诞老公公已经成了最有名的圣诞节人物之一,尤其是在美国。他的传说始自纪元前三百年左右,一个叫做圣尼古拉斯的仁慈主教,他以慷慨仁慈而出名。而在圣诞节送礼物的习惯则是始自那些由东方而来的士将礼物送给耶稣。圣诞树顶上的星星象征着那颗引导士找到耶稣的星星。 Sometimes Christmas can become just a ritual. Many Americans see Christmas as just a time for shopping for the perfect gift. Advertisers and businesses begin promoting Christmas earlier every year. Stores remind customers of how many shopping days are left until Christmas. It's almost a modern Christmas custom to spend too much money! Credit card debts often take months to pay off. Even children can become materialistic. They think only of what they will get from Santa Claus. 有时候,圣诞节变得非常形式化。许多美国人把圣诞节当成只是一个购买「最佳礼物」的时刻。广告公司和商人开始一年比一年提早为圣诞节打广告,商店也会提醒顾客在圣诞节之前还有几天可以购物,过量的花费几乎已成了现代的圣诞节习惯!用信用卡代付的金额通常要好几个月才能偿清。即使小孩也变得很物质主义,他们只想到自己会从圣诞老公公那里得到什么礼物。 Despite the hustle and bustle of the Christmas Rush, most Americans feel Christmas is the most wonderful time of the year. It's a time of excitement, a time of joy, a time to show love in special ways. Best of all, Christmas is not just for Americans. Christmas is for everybody in the world. Christmas is the celebration of God's gift to the world-Jesus. 除了这些因圣诞节而来的忙忙碌碌,大部份的美国人仍然认为圣诞节是一年之中最美好的时间。它是一个兴奋、喜乐并且用特别的方式来表达爱的时候。最好的是,圣诞节不只是为美国人预备的,圣诞节是为了世界上的每一个人预备的,它是为了庆祝上帝给世人的礼物──耶稣。 /200803/32740

多运动,少感冒What do you do when you get a cold? More so, what do you do to avoid getting a cold? I have heard about so many home remedies for and preventive actions against the common cold. Yet the common cold just seems to be just that – all too common.The usual way by which a lot of people try to fend off colds is to ingest large quantities of vitamin C. Now I am not saying that this does not work – I actually am a huge believer in this method. Research also shows that regular intake of this vitamin helps maintain one’s immune system. No conclusive evidence has been found to show that vitamin C does boost one’s immune system, though. So maybe I am not doing it right…Some research, however, has shown that exercise can actually help keep the cold away. According to The American Journal of Medicine, people who exercise caught fewer colds throughout the whole year. The amount of exercise involved in the study was about 45 minutes of brisk walking everyday (5 days a week). I also some practical tips for exercise to fight colds in Big Beautiful You. Some exercises which are “easy” to do are walking and ice skating. I, myself, prefer my elliptical bike because of the convenience of not having to leave the house and get dressed properly for exercise. However, I am sure that there are other ways to get some exercise into your routine – it really all depends on your preferences and schedule. 你感冒的时候你会怎么办?进一步来说,你如何避免感冒?我听说过很多对于一般感冒的家庭治疗法和预防的措施。然而,一般感冒似乎只是那么普通的一件事情。许多人预防感冒的最常见方法是摄入大量维他命C。眼下我并不是在说这不管用——事实上我觉得这个办法很管用。科学实验也表明,定期地用维他命有助于保护人的免疫系统。但是没有确凿的据表明维他命C确实有助于人的免疫系统。所以也许我一直用维他命C是错误的。然而有些研究结果表明,运动的确能够助于预防感冒。根据《医药》这本美国杂志表明,在一整年中,运动的人更不容易得感冒。在研究中的运动包括,每天45分钟的快步走(一周五天)。我也曾经在BIG BEAUTIFUL YOU看过一些实用的用运动来对抗感冒的小办法。有些运动比较容易做到,像是走路和滑冰。我自己更偏好于在我的健身器材上运动因为很方便不用外出,也不用为了外出运动穿衣打扮。我确信在你的日常生活中还有其他可以用来锻炼的方式——这真的都取决于你的偏好和计划。 /200803/31403

What could be cuter than a tiny, wee kitten dressed up as a button mushroom?当小猫穿扮成草菇的样子,还有什么比这更可爱呢?Nothing of course - and when you realize that this adorable creature isn#39;t just wearing the outfit for the #39;awww#39; factor, but for her own good, it might just make you lose your cool. Wasabi-chan, the adorable Japanese rescue kitten, was attacked and seriously injured by a crow who fractured her jaw and ripped her tongue in two?当然没有比这更萌的了,而且当意识到猫咪穿这样的外套不仅是为了制造可爱效果,更是为了恢复健康时,你就会不淡定了。这只名为Wasabi-chan的日本猫遭到乌鸦攻击,上颚骨折舌头被撕成两半,伤势严重。 /201307/248126

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