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Remembering the Lady of the Lamp 感谢白衣天使As with natural disasters such as earthquakes, war exacts a heavy psychological toll on those of its victims fortunate enough to avoid death or injury. Ironically, one of the first recorded sufferers of post-traumatic stress disorder was a person who defined the very nature and development of modern nursing techniques.Florence Nightingale was born in 1820 to a well-off English family living on inherited wealth. Educated mainly by her father, she enjoyed a privileged and comfortable childhood. A profound religious experience at the age of sixteen eventually led to her doing charity work in hospitals rather than accepting either of two marriage proposals, much to the horror of her deeply conservative family.True horror was to confront Florence as soon as she arrived at a military hospital in Turkey in 1854. She had aly acquired a reputation for her nursing expertise and had been asked to help treat British soldiers wounded in the Crimean War. She was devoted to duty even amid appalling conditions and earned herself the nickname "Lady of the Lamp" for her habit of doing the rounds late at night.Badly traumatized by her experiences, the now-famous Florence Nightingale never again made a public appearance after returning to England. Despite suffering ill health until she died in 1910, she worked tirelessly behind the scenes to establish training schools and get nursing accepted as a recognized profession. Nowadays, her worldwide legacy bears witness to her efforts. 战争,如同地震等其他的自然灾害一样,让那些幸免遇难的人们的心灵上也留下难以磨灭的创伤。有这样一个曾患过“战后精神创伤压力失调症”的病人,正是由于她解释了现代护理技术的性质,才确立了发展的护理技术的方向。?C1820年佛罗伦斯南丁格尔出生在英国一个继承了大批遗产的富裕家庭。父亲对她进行的教育,让南丁格尔享受了一段优裕和舒适的童年时光。十六岁时的一次让她难忘的宗教体验,使她毅然投身医院的慈善工作。她曾拒绝了两次求婚,这样的决定让极为保守的家人震惊万分。1854年,南丁格尔抵达土耳其的战地医院,这次她开始面对真正的恐惧。当时由于她专业的护理技术而颇受敬重,因此被要求帮助和照顾在克里米亚战争中受伤的英国士兵。在那样令人恐惧的环境里,她仍能全力以赴地投入工作,而且因为她有夜间巡视病人的习惯,使她赢得了“油灯女士”的美名。这番经历使她的精神受到重创,佛罗伦斯南丁格尔返回英国之后就不再公开露面。1910在年她去世前,尽管健康状况一直不佳,她仍不遗余力地致力于培训学校的幕后工作。由她创建的训练学校,让护理工作成为了倍受肯定的专业。现在,她的遗物传遍世界的各个角落,成为她努力的最好见。 Article/200803/29559PART THREE - A YOUNG WOMAN AT THORNFIELDCHAPTER EIGHTLife with Mr. Rochester"Where did you live before you came here?" he asked."I was at Lowood School for eight years, sir.""Eight years! I'm surprised you lasted so long in that terrible place. You know, there is something wonderful in your face. What about your parents?""They died when I was a baby, sir. I don't remember them.""And your other family? Where are they?""I have none.""Who told you to come here?""I put a message in the newspaper, saying I was looking for work as a governess. Mrs. Fairfax asked me to come here and work." I said."Yes," said Mrs. Fairfax, "and sir, I can't tell you how glad I am that she came! She's a wonderful teacher for Adele, and a good friend to me.""Now, Mrs. Fairfax, don't say nice things about Miss Eyre," said Mr. Rochester [-----1-----]. "I am sure that her [-----2-----] made my horse fall down in the road yesterday!"Mrs. Fairfax looked as if she did not understand, but I saw a [-----3-----] of humor in Mr. Rochester's eyes.填空 :1.sternly2.magic3.light Article/200904/66981“Eminent domain” is the power of the government to take private property and use it for the public good. Government officials simply notify a property owner that they want his property and offer him a fair price. The owner can accept or reject that offer. If he thinks the offer is too low, he can go to court. In court, a jury will decide the fair price, which the government must pay.Usually, the owner cannot prevent the government from taking his land for public use, which includes roads, schools, government buildings, and economic development. However, the US Supreme Court recently expanded the meaning of “economic development” to include the construction of shopping centers, amusement parks, and even car washes. Property owners nationwide are now at greater risk of losing their property for the “private” good instead of the “public” good. They will see their land converted to Burger Kings and Chevy dealerships instead of post offices and parks.Just last week, the Ozark city council demanded that Johnny Miller sell all his land to the city.“It isn’t right,” said Miller. “My family has owned this property for four generations. We grow crops and raise cattle. We’re active in Ozark’s social clubs and civic groups. Now the council wants to kick us out so that Walt Disney can build a new theme park here. I’m not selling. I’m going to fight this--since when is a mouse more important than an American family?” Article/201108/149659就在这时,她听到不远的地方有划水声,就向前游去,想看看是什么,起初,她以为这一定是只海象或者河马...Just then she heard something splashing about in the pool a little way off, and she swam nearer to make out what it was: at first she thought it must be a walrus or hippopotamus, but then she remembered how small she was now, and she soon made out that it was only a mouse that had slipped in like herself. `Would it be of any use, now,' thought Alice, `to speak to this mouse? Everything is so out-of-the-way down here, that I should think very likely it can talk: at any rate, there's no harm in trying.' So she began: `O Mouse, do you know the way out of this pool? I am very tired of swimming about here, O Mouse!' (Alice thought this must be the right way of speaking to a mouse: she had never done such a thing before, but she remembered having seen in her brother's Latin Grammar, `A mouse--of a mouse--to a mouse--a mouse--O mouse!' The Mouse looked at her rather inquisitively, and seemed to her to wink with one of its little eyes, but it said nothing. `Perhaps it doesn't understand English,' thought Alice; `I daresay it's a French mouse, come over with William the Conqueror.' (For, with all her knowledge of history, Alice had no very clear notion how long ago anything had happened.) So she began again: `Ou est ma chatte?' which was the first sentence in her French lesson-book. The Mouse gave a sudden leap out of the water, and seemed to quiver all over with fright. `Oh, I beg your pardon!' cried Alice hastily, afraid that she had hurt the poor animal's feelings. `I quite forgot you didn't like cats.' `Not like cats!' cried the Mouse, in a shrill, passionate voice. `Would YOU like cats if you were me?' `Well, perhaps not,' said Alice in a soothing tone: `don't be angry about it. And yet I wish I could show you our cat Dinah: I think you'd take a fancy to cats if you could only see her. She is such a dear quiet thing,' Alice went on, half to herself, as she swam lazily about in the pool, `and she sits purring so nicely by the fire, licking her paws and washing her face--and she is such a nice soft thing to nurse--and she's such a capital one for catching mice--oh, I beg your pardon!' cried Alice again, for this time the Mouse was bristling all over, and she felt certain it must be really offended. `We won't talk about her any more if you'd rather not.' Article/201011/119188Very Stupid Robbers 两个笨贼Two robbers were robbing a hotel. The first robber said, "I hear sirens. Jump!"The second one said, "But we're on the 13 th floor!"The first one screamed back, "This is no time to be superstitious!"两个盗贼在一家旅馆偷东西。第一个说:“我听到警报响了,快跳吧!”第二个说:“但是我们现在在第13层啊!”第一个尖叫着回敬他:“都什么时候了,还这么迷信!” Article/200804/35223

13第13章After the wedding a large number of our friends came to a party at our house. When the party had started,Elizabeth and I said goodbye and left for our honeymoon.We travelled first by boat, and planned to spend the night at a hotel on the other side of the lake. The mountains and the lake were calm and beautiful,and at last Elizabeth and I were together.For the first time for months, and for the last time ever,I enjoyed the feeling of happiness.婚礼之后我们的大批朋友都来我们家聚会。聚会开始后,我和伊丽莎白向他们道了别并离开度蜜月去了。我们首先乘船旅行,并计划晚上在湖对岸的一家旅馆过夜。群山和湖泊宁静而美丽,我和伊丽莎白终于结合在了一起。我几个月来第一次、也是最后一次享受到了幸福的感觉。In the evening the wind became stronger and soon a great storm broke above us.Every noise frightened me,and I kept my hand on my gun under my coat.I saw the monster in every shadow.Suddenly I realized how terrible the fight would be for Elizabeth.I asked her to go to bed and I decided to search for the monster.I planned to join her when I was sure he was not in or around the hotel.傍晚风刮得更猛了,不久还来了一场大的暴风雨。每一个声响都让我恐惧,我一直把手放在外套下面的上。我在每个阴暗处都看到了那个怪物。突然间我意识到这场搏斗对于伊丽莎白来说将会是多么恐怖。我让她上床睡觉而我则决定去寻找那个怪物。我打算在确信怪物不在旅馆及其附近后再回到伊丽莎白身边。Elizabeth left me and I searched every corner of the hotel—every dark doorway and staircase.I could not find him,and I began to hope that he had not followed us to the hotel.But suddenly,I heard a loud and terrible scream.伊丽莎白离开了我,我搜寻了旅馆里的每一个角落——每一个黑暗的门厅和楼梯。我没能找到他,于是便开始希望他并没有随我们到旅馆来。但是突然间我听到了一声可怕的尖叫。It came from our room.那是从我们的房间里传出来的。Then—too late—I understood.The monster had promised to be with me on my wedding night,but he had not planned to kill me.于是我明白过来了——但已经是太晚了。怪物曾许诺要在我的新婚之夜跟着我的,但他并未打算要杀了我。The scream came again,and I ran to our room.Why did I not die there and then?尖叫声又一次传来,我于是跑到了我们的房间。我为什么没有在当时当地便死去呢? /201205/184152

有声名著之海底两万里 Chapter12海底两万里TwentyThousand.Leagues.Under.the.Sea原著下载 相关名著:有声名著之查泰莱夫人的情人有声名著之简爱有声名著之呼啸山庄有声名著之傲慢与偏见有声名著之儿子与情人有声名著之红与黑有声名著之歌剧魅影有声名著之了不起的盖茨比有声名著之远大前程有声名著之巴斯史维尔猎犬 Article/200809/50481

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