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延安第一人民医院胃肠科正规吗?怎么样西安航天总医院肠胃科电话号码是多少These days it seems people can#39;t complete simple tasks, like having a meal, without getting their phones out to Instagram it.如今,如果不用手机拍照然后分享照片,人们似乎连吃饭这类简单的任务也完成不了。It would be easy to think our obsession with documenting everything takes away from the enjoyment of the experience itself, but a new study says otherwise.我们很容易认为,痴迷于记录一切,人们便无暇享受体验本身,但一项新的研究指出情况并非如此。Researchers have found people taking photos of events actually enjoy them more.研究人员发现,人们在拍摄照片的时候,实际上会更加享受整个过程。The study was published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. The participants who took photos reported being more engaged in the activity.这项研究发表在《个性与社会心理学杂志》上。报告称拍摄照片的参与者在活动中更加投入。#39;One critical factor that has been shown to affect enjoyment is the extent to which people are engaged with the experience,#39; the authors wrote.作者写道:“人们对这段经历的投入程度,是影响人们享受程度的一个关键因素。”Photo taking helps this because it naturally draws people more into the experience, they said.他们说,拍摄照片有助于提升人们的快感,是因为它很自然地吸引人们更多地参与其中。The researchers asked over 2,000 people to take part in nine different experiments. In each experiment, individuals were asked to participate in an activity – which ranged from going on a bus tour to eating in a food court.研究人员请2000多人参加了9个不同的实验。在每一个实验中,参与者被要求参加一项活动,活动内容多种多样,可能是参加一个公车之旅,也可能是到一个美食广场吃饭。They were asked to either take photos or not, and completed a survey to show how much fun they had during the task.研究人员要求参与者拍照或不拍,然后请他们完成一项调查,来显示他们在执行任务过程中感受到了多少乐趣。In almost every case, people who took photographs reported higher levels of enjoyment.在几乎每一种情况下,拍照的人都报告称自己感受到的乐趣更多。But the same effect happened in the other extreme, in that photo taking can make an unpleasant experience even worse, the study found.但是研究发现,在另一个极端会产生同样的效果。因为拍照会使不愉快的体验变得更糟。In one instance, participants went on a virtual safari and observed a pride of lions attacking a water buffalo, which most people did not enjoy.其中一个例子,参与者进行一个虚拟的科学考察,观察一群狮子攻击一头水牛,对此大多数人都不喜欢。In that case, the photo takers enjoyed it less than those who saw the same encounter but did not take photos.在这个例子中,与看到同样场景但没拍照的人相比,拍照的人感到更加不快。Taking photos did not appear to increase enjoyment when the photos interfered with the experience itself, for example having to handle bulky camera equipment.当拍照妨碍体验本身时,比如必须扛着笨重的相机设备,拍摄照片似乎没有增加拍照者的乐趣。The researchers also discovered that this effect is not limited to the action of taking pictures. Participants in one experiment reported higher levels of enjoyment after just taking #39;mental#39; pictures as they were going through the experience.研究人员还发现,这种效应并不局限于拍照这一动作。某个实验的参与者在体验过程中进行“心理拍照”,之后他们表示自己也获得了更多乐趣。This shows it is the process of taking the photo itself that helps increase enjoyment. This means cameras that record any moment of an experience without the individual#39;s active decision of what to capture are unlikely to have the same effect, according to the researchers.这表明,拍摄照片这一过程有助于提高愉悦感。研究人员指出,相机虽然能记录任何瞬间,但需要人们积极主动地决定要拍什么,才能达到同样的效果。 /201606/449290陕西唐都医院肠炎十二指肠溃疡十二指肠炎 You may be familiar with the statistic that 90% of the world’s data was created in the last few years. It’s true. One of the first mentions of this particular formulation I can find dates back to May 2013, but the trend remains remarkably constant. Indeed, every two years for about the last three decades the amount of data in the world has increased by about 10 times – a rate that puts even Moore’s law of doubling processor power to shame.全世界90%的数据都是最近几年生成的,人们对这个结论可能已经耳熟能详。尽管我能找到的这个说法的最早出处是在2013年5月,但是,这种趋势却始终未曾发生变化。事实上,过去30年间,每隔两年,全球总数据量就会增长大约10倍——这让计算机行业的尔定律相形见绌。One of the problems with such a rate of information increase is that the present moment will always loom far larger than even the recent past. Imagine looking back over a photo album representing the first 18 years of your life, from birth to adulthood. Let’s say that you have two photos for your first two years. Assuming a rate of information increase matching that of the world’s data, you will have an impressive 2,000 photos representing the years six to eight; 200,000 for the years 10 to 12; and a staggering 200,000,000 for the years 16 to 18. That’s more than three photographs for every single second of those final two years. 信息爆炸所带来的问题之一在于,即便和不久之前相比,当前的信息量规模都会大到不可思议的程度。假如有一本信息影集代表了你从婴儿到成年的前18年人生,并且照片数量的增长速度和全球数据量保持一致,如果头两年你只有两张照片,那么从6岁到8岁的两年间你就会有两千张照片,从10岁到12岁有20万张,从16岁到18岁则有惊人的2亿张,这意味着在16-18岁期间你每秒钟就会拍3张照片。This isn’t a perfect analogy with global data, of course. For a start, much of the world’s data increase is due to more sources of information being created by more people, along with far larger and more detailed formats. But the point about proportionality stands. If you were to look back over a record like the one above, or try to analyse it, the more distant past would shrivel into meaningless insignificance. How could it not, with so many times less information available?当你回过头去以更长远的眼光来看待事物时,你会发现,你有太多太多近期的的事件,而较早的数据和事件是那么的稀少。当然,全球数据不能这样简单类比。全球数据增长的主要原因在于更多的人口产生了更多信息源,以及更大的和更复杂详细的信息结构。然而,如果试图回顾或分析与上文所述影集类似的历史记录,你会发现一个相同点,越遥远的历史所留下的信息和记录就会越稀少。怎么会发生这种事情呢?Here’s the problem with much of the big data currently being gathered and analysed. The moment you start looking backwards to seek the longer view, you have far too much of the recent stuff and far too little of the old. Short-sightedness is built into the structure, in the form of an overwhelming tendency to over-estimate short-term trends at the expense of history.这就是目前大数据采集分析中存在的一项弊端。无论你在哪一个时间点开始回顾历史,都会遇到同一个麻烦:近期数据的数量远远超过远期历史数据,由此,这个分析系统会过度重视短期趋势而忽略长期趋势,从而受到短视的困扰。To understand why this matters, consider the findings from social science about ‘recency bias’, which describes the tendency to assume that future events will closely resemble recent experience. It’s a version of what is also known as the availability heuristic: the tendency to base your thinking disproportionately on whatever comes most easily to mind. It’s also a universal psychological attribute. If the last few years have seen exceptionally cold summers where you live, for example, you might be tempted to state that summers are getting colder – or that your local climate may be cooling. In fact, you shouldn’t anything whatsoever into the data. You would need to take a far, far longer view to learn anything meaningful about climate trends. In the short term, you’d be best not speculating at all – but who among us can manage that? 为了理解这个问题的重要性,需要考虑社会科学中有关“近因偏差”(recency bias,又称近因效应)的研究发现。近因偏差是指:人们在判断事物发展趋势时,会认为未来事件将会和近期体验高度类似。这可以说是某种“可利用性法则”(availability heuristic)——不恰当地以最容易认知的信息来作为思考的基础。这还是一种普遍的心理学特征。举例来说,如果在你居住的地方,过去几年的夏季气温都很低,那么你可能会认为夏季气候正在变得更冷——或者说你当地的气候正在变冷。但是,你不应该只根据少量数据分析长期趋势。你需要有一个长远视角,才能认识真正有意义的气候趋势。短时期内,最好不进行任何猜测。不过,我们之中又有谁能真正做到这点呢? /201606/450672宝鸡537医院胃溃疡浅表性胃炎糜烂性胃炎胃窦炎

庆阳市中心医院肠胃科正规吗SUGAR FACE  糖分脸  You#39;ve been burning the candle at both ends, bingeing on sugary snacks and drinking for as many nights as you can remember.  你一直玩得过火,数不清多少个晚上大嚼甜食、狂欢滥饮。  The signs:  特征  #8226; Bloated and puffy  肥胖臃肿  #8226; Breakouts  长痘  #8226; Enlarged pores  毛孔粗大  #8226; Dull complexion  皮肤黯淡  #8226; Dark circles  黑眼圈  #8226; Creases around the cheeks  脸颊上有皱纹  #8226; Pronounced nasolabial lines  有明显的法令纹  How to beat it: Really the best thing you can do for this face is to do an audit of your diet, cutting out all white sugar. I also advise reducing your wine intake. A daily use of AHA soap will lighten, rejuvenate, clean the skin up from toxins and make the skin glow.  如何解决:讲真,你能对自己的脸做的最有用的事就是控制饮食,避免摄入任何糖分。我同时也建议你减少酒精的摄入。每天使用果酸肥皂洗脸能让皮肤亮白,焕然一新,清除毒素,光泽润滑。  Food for thought: Lemon aids in digestion and helps boost the liver to do its job better. Leafy greens such as kale and spinach are loaded with vitamins and minerals as well as compounds that help switch on the liver#39;s own detoxification enzymes. Cilantro can also help pull out toxins from our body.  推荐食物:柠檬不但有助于消化,而且可以促进肝脏功能。甘蓝、菠菜等绿叶蔬菜富含维生素、矿物质,以及有助于激活肝脏解毒酶的化合物。香菜也可以帮助我们排毒。 /201604/435725阎良区消化科专家电话地址官网 运城第一人民医院胃肠科收费贵吗

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