明星资讯腾讯娱乐2020年01月21日 00:16:59
...city of London. There is public support for a Chief Constable's call to raise the legal age for drinking alcohol from 18 to 21, but continued opposition to forcing up the price by raising tax levels. Those are the main findings of a poll conducted for Channel 4 News following the call by the Cheshire Chief Constable Peter Fahy earlier this week. Mr. Fahy's comment on our program followed the killing of the father-of-three Garry Newlove who was beaten to death outside his home after confronting a group of youths. James Blake reports.We've just received a telephone call that there are a group of people drinking on one of the local parks.On patrol in Mansfield, Nottinghamshire, this community wardens are out looking for children drinking in the streets and they are not hard to find. Each week, piles of cans, bottles and spirits are seized, there is a thriving black market in underage booze fueled by parents, siblings and older friends.They get very brave and very bold, um, where somebody, not for a real decent kid. when they have another drink, when they've had a few, they just turn into a completely different person. And it makes our job can be twice as difficult really.Momentum is building for a change in the law. After Garry Newlove was killed confronting youths outside his home, the Chief Constable spoke out.Well, I think a lot of people now say the price of alcohol should be raised and in particular for the highest drinks, beers and for the spirits.So Channel 4 News has commissioned to survey. A thousand adults were asked if they agree with the police. Should the drinking age be raised to 21? A majority 52% said yes. Do you think raising the price of alcohol will reduce antisocial behavior? Only 25% said yes, nearly 3 quarters said no.In Wallington this group of 16 to 18-year-old were asked, would a change in the law make any impact at all?Young people have to find money. They steal, they save or borrow, they'd find money somehow.So if it was raised to 21, do you think that would have an impact on them?Yeah, because then the people out there will get in, like, might have got ID for them. So it will stop from drinking.At Newcastle crown court yesterday, another trial involving drunken teenagers. This time a man was attacked and kicked into a coma. Sentencing the judge said:Youngsters who drink too much will face punitive action. Those who are drunk and abuse the rights and entitlements of those law-abiding members of society will get punished.So pressure now from the police and the judiciary, and the Channel 4 News survey suggests most people want action, too, but by raising the age limit not the prices.And you can see further results from other opinion poll on our website. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1.booze:Booze is alcoholic drink.200805/39854Australian Combat Troops End Iraq Deployment澳大利亚作战部队开始撤离伊拉克   Australian combat troops have begun leaving Iraq. Their departure fulfills an election promise by Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, who pledged to pull his country's out of Iraq by the middle of 2008. 澳大利亚作战部队开始撤离伊拉克。这项撤离兑现了陆克文总理在竞选时的诺言。陆克文竞选时曾经保,一旦当选,将在2008年中开始把澳大利亚军队撤出伊拉克。For Australia's 550 combat soldiers, the war in Iraq is over. 对澳大利亚的五百五十名战斗人员来说,伊拉克战争已经结束。They have begun leaving their base at Tallil, 300 kilometers south of Baghdad, where they have been helping to train Iraqi security forces. 他们开始撤离位于巴格达以南三百公里的塔里尔基地。他们过去在那里协助训练伊拉克安全部队。They have handed their military responsibilities over to American units.In southern Iraq, a ceremony was held to mark Australia's exit from a conflict that has been widely unpopular back home. 在伊拉克南部,举行了纪念澳大利亚军队撤离伊拉克的仪式。伊拉克战争在澳大利亚非常不得人心。The commanding officer of Australia's Overwatch Battle Group, Lieutenant Colonel Chris Websdane, told the departing soldiers that their mission had been a success. 澳大利亚监督战斗团的指挥官维布斯丹中校,对这些即将离开伊拉克的澳大利亚军人说,他们的使命已经成功。"The work here is now done and it's time to return to your families and loved ones. You should be proud of your achievements. I am," he said. "You should be proud of your personal sacrifices and the part you have all played in bringing hope and prosperity to the people of Al Muthanna and Dhi Qar." 维布斯丹说:“在这里的工作已经完成,现在是你们回到家人和所爱的人身边的时候了。你们 应该为你们的成就感到骄傲。我本人就很骄傲。你们应该为你们的个人牺牲感到骄傲,你们应该为你们所扮演的,将希望和繁荣带给伊拉克穆参纳和迪卡尔人民的部分角色感到骄傲。”There also were words of appreciation from U.S. Lieutenant General Lloyd Austin, who is commander of the Multinational Corps in Iraq... 伊拉克多国部队指挥官、美军中将奥斯丁也表达了感谢之意。"The Overwatch Battle Group was instrumental in establishing self-sustaining governance and security in Al Muthanna, in improving the security situation in Dhi Qar, and in the continued development of the Iraqi security forces," he said. 奥斯丁说:“监督战斗团在建立穆参纳自给自足的管理和安全方面,在改善迪卡尔的安全形势方面,以及在伊拉克安全部队的继续发展方面,都至关重要。”Some Australian military personnel will remain in Iraq to protect diplomats and a navy vessel will continue to patrol the Persian Gulf. 但是,一些澳大利亚的军事人员将继续留在伊拉克保护澳大利亚外交官,一艘澳大利亚军舰也将继续在波斯湾水域巡逻。The withdrawal of Australian combat troops fulfills a campaign promise of Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, who was swept into office in November largely on the promise that he would bring the soldiers home by the middle of 2008. 澳大利亚作战部队从伊拉克撤出,兑现了陆克文竞选时的承诺。陆克文去年11月高票当选澳大利亚总理,主要原因就是他保到2008年中将澳大利亚部队撤回。Mr. Rudd said Australia's deployment in Iraq had made his country more of a target for terrorism and that the reasons for going to war in the Persian Gulf were flawed. 陆克文说,澳大利亚军队驻扎在伊拉克,使澳大利亚更可能成为恐怖主义的目标,而且当初参加伊拉克战争的理由就有问题。 The government in Canberra has been eager to stress that the Iraq pull-out would not damage its close alliance with the ed States. 堪培拉政府一再强调,从伊拉克撤军不会损害澳大利亚和美国的紧密联盟关系。Prime Minister Rudd remains committed to keeping Australia's one-thousand troops in Afghanistan. 此外,陆克文总理仍然承诺,澳大利亚会继续在阿富汗驻军一千人。 200806/41039

We are at the Georgia Home Theater in Atlanta and if you are in the market for a new high definition or HDTV, it's easy to get overwhelmed by the letters and the numbers in the sales picture, so we are gonna arm you with some knowledge to impress those sales people. And joining us now to help us with that is Brian Cooley, editor-at-large with CNET.So Brian, if people are shopping for an HD or high definition TV, resolution becomes a big issue (yeah). What does that mean, exactly?It's a whole new spec you probably never had to deal with before, because the last time you bought a TV, if it's a regular CRT television, there was no discussion of resolution, now with modern TVs, we get into it. Here's what it means. Let's say a set is called a seven-twenty-P resolution TV (OK), that means 720 lines from top to bottom of picture detail, compared that to a DVD, which is only 480, so you can see why HD looks better (well, almost twice as good),almost twice(OK).Now the, the P at the end of that, means progressive, that means every one of those lines is repainted if you will, many times a second. The other version of that is I or interlaced. You'll see that sometime at the end of a number, and that means every other line is repainted every time the picture is flashed on the screen which is how TV works. P is better than I. It tends to look smoother, you'll see fewer jaggy edges and a less blurring or smearing of fast action on a progressive signal going into a progressive set, permitting us to match. Interlaced is a little less desirable but still looks fabulous. And the bottom line is you're gonna see the most sets are called 720 P sets, but that doesn't mean they can only show that, they can also show 1080 I signals which are also fairly common (so 1080 being 1080 lines vs 720 or so) right, more lines, (ok) but the 720 set can show it, it does some math internally that makes it all fit and look great. So don't feel like there is any incompatibility. The main line of sets are 720s, and they can show all the pictures, but the ideal set for the future, if you're a connoisseur, would be a 1080 P, the most resolution and the best scan, and that's if you really wanna spend some big money, those are pretty rare.Right, the money goes up for the better resolution (a lot) and the P. Yes.All right, well, thanks for defining high definition, Brain Cooley with CNET. We appreciate itHappy to do it. 200809/50287

Natalie Morales: Barash recently completed a study that defines what she calls the "New Wife". Who is she? A young educated woman in her twenties who decides that while a career is important, marriage and family come first. Susuan Sharpiro Barash: She wants to stress free marriage, she wants to have time with her children and her husband.Natalie Morales: So they see women who have tried to have it all as having failed in summer garden, their personal and professional lives?Susuan Sharpiro Barash: I don't know about fail, but I think very disappointed. And I think that is a myth of having it all.Music: Love and marriage, love and marriage, Natalie Morales: Marlene Mcmahon and Rachel Driling are exactly the kind of women Barash says are examples of the new wife. Marlene put herself through college before starting a career in medical publishing. She met her husband Michael when she was 24, they now have 8-week-old MeKeller.Music: What a world! What a life, I am in love...Marlene Mcmahon: Being able to, you know, take her to school, and go to PTA meetings and beat every dance with sidle and make her lunch, I can't even imagine not being able to do that.Music: Lucky me, can't you see I'm in love...Natalie Morales: Marlene planned to work part time at some point, but for now she leaves the heavy financial lifting to her husband.Marlene Mcmahon: We compliment each other, so he is more successful having, knowing that I can take care of our children, and I am more successful knowing that I don't necessarily have to worry it as much, because he's gonna make sure our hot water has got turned off.Natalie Morales: What does this mean then for the trailblazers who did pave the way for many of us who have careers and have families?Susuan Sharpiro Barash: The trailblazers were not able to get rid of that second shift that remains today, studies show us that women who work all day still come home to the second shift for their children.It's hard to put that together.Natalie Morales: Rachel D's mom Linda Chambers was a baby boomer who tried to do it all as an accountant and mother of 2.Linda Chambers: I really love my job, I love what I do, and I didn't wanna give that up to be a permanent stay-at-home mom, and I had a lot of stress, you know.Natalie Morales: That stress made daughter Rachel resolve to do things differently.Music: Baby, love. my baby, Love. I need you, I know I need you...Natalie Morales: Married at 26, she stays home with son Dashwood and works just 4 times a month as a nurse practitioner.Rachel: I would much rather sacrifice material items, myself, I would, my husband and Dashwood...and to be old for us to have me stay at home with our son.Miss Magazine senior editor Michele Kort finds Barash's trend troubling.Michele Kort: It will be a step backward if women blame this choice on their hardworking mothers, and didn't look at the societal situation that creates that kind of stressKid: No, no, no...Natalie Morales: The harsh reality is there is no easy answer for joggling career and family, especially for women in demanding professions. Doctor Grace Kang is an unmarried 37-year-old pediatric cardiologist with 14 difficult years of medical training finally behind her.Grace Kang: I think it would have been very difficult to have a husband and a family and to do well in my training, to succeed, really succeed at it.Natalie Morales: Doctor Kang has no regrets and feels confident that a marriage and a family are in her future.Grace Kang: I don't think it's too late, Natalie Morales: So then we talk now the 21st century wife, what does she represent?Susuan Sharpiro Barash: She is probably the smartest of all, because she is willing to scrutinize, the recent past, and to take the best from each decade.200707/15187

  Concern over the subprime mess is not just isolated to the US markets of course. Shaking news out of the US on housing and jobs, also had Europe's major indices falling sharply. The London FT100 down nearly 3% just in the last week. The next big question of course will the subprime blowup in the ed States rein in the strong growth we’ve been seeing overseas as the ripple effects continue. This weekend, I had a chance to sit down with the president of the European Central Bank Jean Claude, Trichet, in an exclusive interview. I got his thoughts on that as well as the health of the overall European economy. ...you have Europe today?I would say our present analysis is that our baseline scenario continues to call for a European economy growing around potential. But I also said on behalf of the governing council that uncertainties had augmented because of the effects that we have observed over the last weeks and days. And so we have this combination of the baseline scenario, growth around potential and uncertainties augmenting significantly. And final question is many people are wondering if the housing issue in the US will rein in the European economy because the European economy has been growing so strongly. Well, we will see what happens again, as I said, uncertainties have augmented whether or not the global economy itself which is as you know very dynamic with emerging countries continuing to be very dynamic, emerging in Asia, in particular, but not only emerging in Asia. So how would the combination of what happens in the US and the rest of the world being in a dynamic state presently, how would this three combine, we would see again, baseline scenario, growth around potential, uncertainties are widening.And Mr. Trichet also spoke to me about his former counterpart, former federal reserve chairman Alan Greenspan. We will have more of that interview with Jean Claude, Trichet about Alan Greenspan. Later on in the week and then on Monday...Notes:FT100: The Financial Times Index of 100 industrialsBaseline scenario: The Baseline Scenario is a projection of future community, economic and physical development trends.200807/43996

  But even if there had been water, life doesn't start overnight. Even a simple microbe is the product of complex chemical systems that take millions of years to evolve. Had the water lasted long enough for life to form?Well, when we look at the history of life on Earth, it appears to start very quickly, maybe a hundred million years. Now that seems like a long time, but for a planet that's short. So I would guess that if there was water on Mars for a couple of hundred million years, then life had a good shot at getting started there. And soon they found evidence that water had been there for millions of years. It was all because of one very important picture. Sent back in December 2000, it was a vast formations of sedimentary rock. Sediment is basically made of sand, and could only have been deposited over millions of years by a huge body of water, like a lake or an ocean. It showed that there had not only been masses of water, but that it had been around easily long enough for life to form. The sediments on the surface are now dry and exposed. If they ever had contained life, it cannot possibly have survived. However, scientists hope that microbes deeper down might still be alive, frozen in the ground. To find the actual organic remains of a Martian organism, we are gonna need to go to the frozen material. In the ice life might have been preserved, frozen in a state of suspended animation. No one at this stage could know if microbes, formed millions of years ago, could have survived on Mars. But there are indications that this really is possible. Antarctica, the closest place on Earth to conditions on Mars. More extreme even than Iceland, it's the coldest place on our planet. Until a few years ago, no one thought that anything could survive being deep frozen for millions of years. But research here has helped change that. sedimentary rock: Rock formed at or near the Earth's surface by the accumulation and lithification of fragments of preexisting rocks or by precipitation from solution at normal surface temperatures. Sedimentary rocks can be formed only where sediments are deposited long enough to become compacted and cemented into hard beds or strata. They are the most common rocks exposed on the Earth's surface but are only a minor constituent of the entire crust. Their defining characteristic is that they are formed in layers. Each layer has features that reflect the conditions during deposition, the nature of the source material (and, often, the organisms present), and the means of transport200809/48546。

  Beneath the city's skyline, it was time to light the blue touch paper.The Torchlit Procession traditionally kicks off Edinburgh's Hogmanay Festival. This year, more than ten thousand people were happy to oblige, snaking their way through the streets and up the city's Calton Hill.(It) wasn't enough. You'll get to walk through the streets of Edinburgh, bonding torches and prevent burning things dying. It's always....Let me say, fun because every(one) comes together. It's a group.I have never been here before. Sure there're some novelties and real spinnings for us to join then.It's the twelfth year of Edinburgh's set peace Hogmanay party which stretches over several days. Now it combines with that Christmas festival and both flew under crowds. This year around half a million people will witness the sights and songs of this city at play.It's just the most beautiful setting in the world. It is a beautiful city that lends itself to, you know, open their stuff even in the middle of winter, but we light it with fire and music and dance and the atmosphere of this place changes incredibly over these few days.This year's Edinburgh Hogmanay has a Catalonia feat, so Catalan acts and theme performances will combine with Scottish traditional entertainment. The highlights being at the midnight are tomorrow of course,where a hundred thousand people will gather in Princes Street to bring in the new year.This of course is the warm-up for the main event. It seems to please everybody here and aslo makes good business sense. Edinburgh's Hogmanay Festival is worth more than 14 million pounds to the local economy.It can hardly get bigger. The challenge this year like every year is in trying to make it better.James Matthews,Sky News ,Edinburgh本期难点1.light the blue touch paper: Touch paper is the correct name of the impregnated material used in fireworks fuses. The original phrase (the instructions on fireworks) s "Light the blue touch paper and stand well back." As an idiom it means to initiate some sort of process or actions.2. oblige: provide a service or favor for someone, as in: The players are generally happy to oblige with autographs.200805/39183

  Where did it all start to go wrong for Ericsson ? Well I think it's important to understand the, the overall development here at the market place. It's, It's we see no change in that. We have fairly few full networks in the world, increasing traffic and operate this on global financial stage. What we are seeing here in this quarter is that we lost some important and higher margin upgrades and software sales in September. And those are all to be harder to spot than they are typically very stable because they reflect the traffic increase . And we are also on the other hand having a, a larger share than ever before of role of the new networks which count initially with low margin but build for a good future. So why was it specifically then that your CFO Karl Sundstrom stepped down?Well that was his… his own initiative. He came a couple of the days ago and, and he was disappointed with the third quarter and he felt that was a good time to, to leave. He's been working 5 years with that. I don't think there's any shadow falls over him, if we could have spotted the..the sales development in the high margin sales, the last couple of weeks better, it, that is something that comes back to all of us. Now Hans Vestberg comes in and he's a ...he's a great guy comes from internal in Ericssion New Orleans, he has a strong financial background. So where do you go from here? How do you start rebuilding confidence in Ericsson for ,for your investors?Well confidence is all the ways into performance and educating and informing the markets from where we are heading and that's, that's obviously where we fell short. We can't do much about the development in the market. But I think we could have explained better on the dynamics about what can happen and then of course we need to figure out if there are better better tracking systems of the higher margin softwares and so on that conflate in the core so that we can... we could have learnt about and informed about . But obviously from here it is important to understand that the new network growth last week continued to be in higher proportion than it's been before, but it builds a better footprint for the future. We will probably continue to see some of the short falls in the upgrades and expansions because that is an effect of consolidation monopoly, that is up to some of these running decisions on hold. But overall I think we are in great shape and we are gonna build even an even stronger company learning from this. Notes:Fall short: to fail the fulfillment of certain obligation and standard 200807/43686In this morning's "Health Watch", gaining weight at work, according to a Careerbuilder.Com survey, more than half of …people they put on weight since they started their current jobs. For 20 percent of them, it's 10 pounds or more. So how can we avoid that? Neal Pire is a fitness consultant and a fellow at the American College of Sports Medicine. Good morning Neal. Good morning, Harry. You are an exercise physiologist by training, right? (That's right.) So you can really tell us what we need to do here. Is, is this all about technology? Is there so much technology in our office that we don't, we don't even bother to walk across the room to talk to our colleagues? Is that why we are gaining weight at our, at our cubicles? Well, there are probably multiple variables that is causing this whole phenomenon. Eh, inactivity, obviously is the reason why, (umm hmm) why are we inactive? Over the last ten to twenty years, the faster and the more technology moves, the less we do. (Right). Where you used to get up, write a message and go see your colleague all the way across the office. (Sure)Now you,you spend 30 seconds, you write an e-mail zip, it's gone. You are onto the next thing. (Right). Eh, so there are many reasons why we are less active even in the workplace. (umm hmm) Problem is we are in such, we live in such a all-or-none society (Yeah), that if people don't get 30 to 60 minutes of the formal exercise everyday, (Right) they give up. (Right.) So what's the use? (Right) Why should I? OK. So what are things people can do before or after work? You know if they are trying to work as many hours as possible and also spend time with family and everything else, things they can do to help them at least get some exercise? You know, if you commute uh, the New York City, take the bus or the subway, (Right.) get off the stop earlier before you, you are supposed to, wherever you are supposed to get off. (Right). Get off the stop earlier. That gives you a few extra blocks that you can walk. (Sure.) Eh, instead of, if you are up on the 15th floor, I am not gonna recommend you take the stairs for 15 flights. (Right.) But you can take the elevator to the 12 floor and walk up 3 flights. You know what, I've seen people over the broadcast that who actually have been doing that way who,who use the stairs all the time, makes a huge, huge difference.Absolutely. Absolutely. It's just a matter of getting your 2 minutes here and there. (Right). It's a, overall, it all adds up. And what should you do at lunchtime? What about lunchtime? Eh, be sensible. If you are moving less, you really require less energy. (Ya.) And you require less calories if you will. (Right.) So eat a little lighter, eat a little bit less, drink, eh, non-caloric fluids like water or even diet soda if you are a soda drinker. (Ya.) And help that...let that help you fill up. What about brown bagging, is brown bagging. Brown bagging is a great way to know how much you are eating, know what you are eating. (Right.) You go to the deli order tuna because it's healthy. You don't know how much mayo is in there. If it was a tuna and oil..(Well, it's a sandwich, it's big) It's huge, you can feed a family of four (Right) with a typical New York City deli sandwich. Ya, ya so if you are brown bagging, you also, you know what you've got, Right? And you have chances, or you pull, you have a much better ability to portion control.Absolutely. Right. Eh, what about trying to exercise at your desk? You are always seeing these things about, you know, finger exercises and things and that's not real. Over the years, there have been a lot of workstation, eh, workout programs (Right) that you see in all the books and magazines. Eh, the bottom line is a lot of people are, are not comfortable exercising at their desks as their manager might be watching. So, ah, , you're gonna, you're gonna tend to ah, lose out or miss out on any activity you could do at your desk. So just play solitary.Absolutely. All right, Neal, thanks so much. Pleasure.1.cubicle:n. small room, small partitioned spaceDemocratic Senators Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton are attacking each other on their foreign policy and national security credentials, as both candidates brace for a long and grueling battle for their party's presidential nomination. Senator Clinton met Thursday in Washington with a group of military leaders who are supporting her campaign to discuss Afghanistan and other national security challenges. 竞争美国民主党总统候选人提名的巴拉克.奥巴马参议员和希拉里.克林顿参议员为打一场难分难解的耗时选战已经进入战备状态。现在他们相互攻击对方处理外交政策与国家安全事务的能力。克林顿参议员星期四在华盛顿和持她的一些军方领导人会面,讨论阿富汗和其他有关国家安全议题。Senator Barack Obama says his rival, Senator Clinton's "very negative attacks" played a role in Clinton's election wins earlier this week, wins which have pumped new life into her faltering campaign. 奥巴马参议员说,他的对手希拉里.克林顿对他发动的“非常负面的攻击”在克林顿本周初取得的初选胜利中起到了作用。克林顿参议员本周二取得的胜利使她的竞选转危为安,得以继续。The 46-year-old senator from Illinois stressed that he still leads in the all-important overall delegate count, and targeted Senator Clinton's claim that she is more experienced on foreign policy because of her eight years in the White House as the wife of former President Bill Clinton.  46岁的奥巴马参议员来自伊利诺伊州。他强调说,他仍然拥有更多的重要的代表名额。克林顿称,作为前总统比尔.克林顿的夫人她在白宫8年的岁月令她更富有外交政策经验,但奥巴马针对这一言论说:"Was she handling crises during this period of time? My sense was 'No'," said Barack Obama. “难道她在这段时间里处理过任何危机吗?我认为没有。”On Thursday, Senator Clinton held a meeting with retired generals, admirals and other military officers in Washington, who said they are supporting her because of her foreign policy and national security experience. Clinton had words of praise for her Republican opponent, Senator John McCain for his national security and foreign policy credentials, but took a hard swing at Obama. 克林顿参议员星期四跟退休将领、海军将军和其他军方指挥官在华盛顿举行会议。这些军官说,他们持克林顿是因为她有处理外交政策与国家安全事务的能力。克林顿参议员赞扬了她的共和党对手约翰·麦凯恩参议员具有处理国家安全和外交政策的能力,但对奥巴马却言辞强硬。"Look I have said Senator McCain will bring a lifetime of experience to the campaign, I will bring a lifetime of experience, and Senator Obama will bring a speech he made in 2002," said Hillary Clinton. 克林顿参议员说:“我说过,麦凯恩参议员将以他终身获得的经验参与竞选,我也将以我终身获得的经验参与竞选,而奥巴马参议员是以他在2002年所发表的演说参与竞选。”Clinton referred to a speech Obama made in 2002 opposing any U.S. invasion of Iraq. He often cites his opposition to the Iraq war as proof that his judgment on life and death security matters is better than Clinton's, who voted for a resolution authorizing military action against Iraq. 希拉里.克林顿指的是奥巴马在2002年发表的一篇反对美国攻打伊拉克的演说。奥巴马经常说,他反对伊拉克战争就是一个据,明他比克林顿参议员对生死攸关的国家安全事务有着更好的判断能力。克林顿参议员曾经投票赞成批准美国攻打伊拉克的决议案。Clinton told the military leaders if she is elected president, she would pay a lot more attention to Afghanistan, calling it the "forgotten frontline" in the war on terror.  希拉里.克林顿星期四向美军指挥官表示,如果她当选美国总统,她将更多关注阿富汗。希拉里把阿富汗称作是反恐战争中“被遗忘的前沿战线”:"Today I am announcing a new strategy, one that is both smart and tough, that uses all of the tools in our arsenal to win the war in Afghanistan," she said. "We can no longer relegate Afghanistan to the bottom of our priority list." “我今天宣布一项新战略,一项既明智又强硬的战略,那就是我们将不遗余力地打赢阿富汗战争。我们再也不能把阿富汗推到我们首要日程表的底下。”Clinton said she would ask the ed States' NATO allies to take greater responsibility for training the Afghan National Army, and hold a summit level meeting to revitalize international support for Afghanistan's long-term reconstruction. She said she would also end what she termed President Bush's "one dimensional" Pakistan policy.  克林顿参议员说,她将要求美国的北约盟国为训练阿富汗的国家军队担负起更多的责任,还要召开一个高峰会议,重新推动国际社会持阿富汗的长期重建工作。她说,她还将结束她所称的布什总统不具多面化的巴基斯坦政策。200803/29100

  Wild Europe - Genesis 肇始之初- 6 Parts of Pangaea were periodically flooded by shallow seas. But time and again this water evaporated, leaving layer upon layer of salt. Today these massive deposits lie buried deep beneath the Netherlands, Poland, Northern England and the Austrian Alps. They've been mined for millennia. Salt is a major ingredient for the chemical industry. It's also used, albeit controversially, to deice Europe's roads in winter, thousand of tons a day. This particular mine, in Krakow in Poland, is made up of over 300 kilometers of tunnels. It’s so vast that miners have carved an entire underground cathedral out of the salt, even the chandeliers. After tens of millions of years of baking under the desert sun, Europe changed once again. This is the Jura in Eastern France. The slopes here are blessed with fertile well-drained soils, perfect for vineyards. And scattered among the vines are clues to the next waves of change that began to sweep across Europe some 200 million years ago. A fossil ammonite, a marine creature, and mussels, even the ancient relatives of squid. This area was once under the sea. These waters teemed with life. As well as ammonites , marine reptiles called Ichthyosaurs were common. They fed on fish, breathed air, and gave birth to life young. They were the dolphins of their time. All these creatures swam where there are now thousands of vines. And it's this region of France that has lent its name to one of the most familiar periods in the earth's history.words and expressionsmillennia:millennium的复数, 一千年albeit:conj.虽然 eg:Albeit fair, she was not sought after.尽管她很美,可没有人追求她。chandelier: A branched, decorative lighting fixture that holds a number of bulbs or candles and is suspended from a ceiling树枝形的装饰灯be blessed with: 在...方面有福气,幸运地享有ammonite:The coiled, flat, chambered fossil shell of an extinct cephalopod mollusk that was abundant in the Cretaceous Period.菊石mussel: marine or freshwater bivalve mollusk that lives attached to rocks etc.贻贝, 蚌类squid :widely distributed fast-moving ten-armed cephalopod mollusk having a long tapered body with triangular tail fins鱿鱼, 乌贼Ichthyosaur:any of several marine reptiles of the Mesozoic having a body like a porpoise with dorsal and tail fins and paddle-shaped limbs鱼龙200809/47409But even this was not enough to satisfy the desire of Genghis Khan. He wanted something more, something his army could not give him, which is why in 1222, this man traveled towards Genghis Khan's court. He was a revered Taoist monk. From him, Genghis Khan sought just one thing."I told him how my life was a divine mission. I'd been sent to Earth to conquer the world. I spoke of the prophecies, the battles, my ambitions, my age. I asked what medicine he had brought to prolong my earthly existence."It was only then the monk realized Genghis Khan was asking for the secret elixir of eternal life. Unfortunately, the monk could only offer him advice about prolonging life through sexual abstinence(禁欲), but not immortality. There is nothing to indicate that Genghis Khan took the monk's advice. Recent scientific evidence suggests that perhaps one in two hundred men alive today can trace their genetic lineage to Genghis Khan. Four years later, he embarked on one more campaign of conquest, into China. According to legend, these were the last words of Genghis Khan."I've conquered for you, a large empire. But my life was too short to take the whole world that I leave to you."He appointed his son Ogodei(窝阔台) to succeed him as Khan. Genghis Khan died without having achieved what he believed was his destiny- to conquer the entire world. In the years after his death, his sons carried out his wish, doubling the size of the empire. They returned to Europe and invaded Russia, Poland and Hungary. But in 1242, approaching Vienna, the new Khan died. Mongol law decreed that all chiefs return to elect a new leader, and Europe was spared the Mongol terror.A century later, his mighty empire began to crumble. His reputation has made him one of history's immortals, a reputation enhanced by the mystery of his burial. It is said that every witness to his funeral cortege was executed to keep the site of the tomb secret. Today almost eight centuries later, the burial place of Genghis Khan remains undiscovered. There is no grave, no mausoleum, no monument to this bloodthirsty conqueror, the most successful military commander the world has ever known. elixir: a magical or medicinal potion, especially (in former times) either one supposedly able to change metals into gold or (also elixir of life) supposedly able to prolong life indefinitelylineage: a sequence of species each of which is considered to have evolved from its predecessorcortege: a solemn procession, especially for a funeral200809/50533

  The standard of service is not good enough.务的水平不够好。The room I booked did not meet my expectations. Good luck Anna!我订的房间无法满足我的预期。好运,安娜!OK.Here goes.好的,就这样。Hello. Royal Imperial Hotel.你好。皇家酒店。Erm...hello… I want to… I want to complain.你好,我想要……投诉。Really? About what exactly?真的吗?具体关于什么?Your hotel… Well, I mean, a room I booked for my boss. Room 101.你的酒店,我的意思是我为我的老板订的房间,101房。I’m very disappointed with your service.我对你们的务很失望。And why’s that then?为什么?Well, the room isn’t like the one I booked. It’s just not good enough.这不是我订的房间,它不够好。Let’s have a look at the booking… well your boss got a bed… and breakfast too… a continental breakfast in fact.让我们看看预定,你的老板需要有床和早餐,事实上是欧式早餐。But the room just didn’t meet his expectations… hello?但房间没有满足他的预期……你好?Give me the phone Anna, I’ll deal with this.安娜,把电话给我,我来处理。Now hello Miss…? Miss Fit.你好,贵姓? 菲特。Miss Fit? This is the office assis I mean Manager here.菲特?我是办公室助……我是说经理。This isn’t good enough.这还不够好。My colleague has made it quite clear that the room did not meet our requirements我的同事已经说得很清楚了,房间无法满足我们的预期,and I would like you to resolve this matter as quickly as possible or I will have to cancel our reservation.我希望你能尽快解决,否则我们要取消预定。 /201702/491114

  Oh! Thank you very much! Earth Wind amp; Fire in the Black Eyed Peas, everybody. As I'd like to call them "Earth Wind in Fiber". It's a nice breaker/an ice-breaker, don't judge me yet. Welcome to the 57th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards. That's right, 57, which means 50 years ago today, people who worked in television could only suspect that they were inadequate. You've noticed some of us are wearing a magnolia is for support of the victims of Hurricane Katrina. New Orleans is my hometown, and I have family in Mississippi. Our thoughts and our prayers go out to everyone affected. I guess I don't have to point out that this is the second time I've hosted the Emmy's after a national tragedy, and I just want to say that I'm honored, because it's times like this, we really, really need laughter.But today, we're here to celebrate television. Personally, I love TV. Some people call it "the idiot box". Really, well, if we didn't have television then how could we be watching a show honoring the people who make television on television if there was no television? Idiots! I think the reason that we love award shows so much is because they're exciting. We don't who is gonna win or lose, well we know that HBO is gonna get a butt load of awards, but, you know, people say that HBO wins because they can show cursing and naked people. Let's be honest, we like to watch naked people cursing in real life, not not in real life. It's actually not that pleasant. It's Grandma, put your clothes on, it's Thanksgiving. We're trying to watch the parade. Ah? Where did you learn that word? Which reminds me if Ian McShane from that Deadwood wins tonight, uh, get the children out of the room, and the pets. They don't need that.You know what, I keep hearing myself saying words like wining and losing and awards as if that's what tonight is about. Like somehow, wining an award will validate you. Come on, if you don't win tonight, it doesn't mean you're not a good person, it just means you are not a good actor. I'm kidding. I'm kidding. It just means that you're not as good as the other people in that category. Kidding again. Winning is not important, what is important is how you feel about yourself, and of course you're gonna feel a lot better about yourself if you win. But let's be realistic. Most of you tonight will not win, so, let's look at the bright side of not winning. Give me a minute, there's gonna be something.Well, you don't have to get up, you can stay comfortably seated, and you don't have to make an acceptance speech, which is, that's not easy, that's a lot of pressure, because no matter how hard you try to thank everybody, somebody is gonna feel left out, somebody is gonna have their feelings hurt. You know, well, I guess those eyebrows've just waxed themselves. She'd look like a monkey if it weren't for me. Here is a tip the best acceptance speech you can give is, I'd like to thank everyone who helped me get this, and you know who you are. followed by a …… It's the best thing. But please don't say you didn't expect it. You're nominated, you had a one-in-five chance. Except for Blythe Danner. Blythe Danner is nominated for 3 categories this year. Blythe, your speech? Yours should be the shortest. Just walk up and say, "I knew it." Let's face it. Everybody wants to win, this is show business. But tonight, let's try something; let's just try to put aside our ego, our envy, our jealousy, our judgment. What am I saying? That's what we've got this year.But seriously, I think overall in the scheme of things, winning an Emmy is not important. Let's get our priority straight, I think we all know what's really important in life, winning an Oscar. They're for movies. Man, I'd love to host that show. All right, everybody have fun, relax. Everybody win a drunk tonight. I'll see you in a minute.200807/44411。

  US Government Takes Over Two Major Financial Firms保尔森:接管两公司以防金融动荡  Amid a continuing housing crisis in the ed States, the Bush administration is taking over two failing mortgage firms in an effort to limit further turmoil in the sector. 就在美国房地产市场继续在危机中挣扎时,布什政府将接管两个陷入困境的住房抵押贷款融资公司,以防止金融市场出现进一步的动荡。The last year has seen a spike in foreclosures among U.S. homeowners, falling housing values in most parts of the country, and tighter credit that has made it more difficult for Americans to acquire loans.  在过去一年中,美国房主因无法偿还贷款而被金融机构收回房屋的情况大幅增加,美国大部分地区的房价下跌,而且市场信贷紧缩使美国人更难获得贷款。In recent months, the picture has grown worse with news that two mortgage giants, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, were on the verge of insolvency. Combined, the two firms own or guarantee close to half of all home loans in the ed States. 在最近几个月中,情况变得更糟。美国两大住房抵押贷款融资机构房利美和房地美已经频临破产边缘。这两个公司持有或担保的住房抵押贷款几乎占全美住房抵押贷款总量的一半。In a news conference Sunday, Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson announced that the federal government is taking control of the firms - a move he described as necessary to avoid further financial upheaval. 美国财政部长保尔森星期天在新闻发布会上宣布,联邦政府将接管这两个公司,他说,这是为了避免金融市场进一步动荡而采取的必要措施。"Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are so large and so interwoven in our financial system, that a failure of either of them would cause great turmoil in the financial markets here at home and around the globe. This turmoil would directly and negatively impact household wealth, from family budgets to home values, to savings for college and retirement," he said. "And a failure would be harmful to economic growth and job creation." 他说:“房利美和房地美的规模太大,而且它们和美国的财政系统有着千丝万缕的联系。让它们中的任何一个倒闭都会强烈动荡美国及全球的金融市场。而这种动荡将直接给家庭财产带来负面影响,从家庭预算、房产价值到人们为大学教育和退休而储蓄的存款。这两家机构的倒闭会伤害美国的经济发展和就业市场。”The Bush administration says Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are being placed in a government conservatorship with new executive leadership. They will be operated by a government agency until their financial pictures improve and they are no longer at risk of failing.  布什政府说,房利美和房地美目前处于政府接管状态中,政府还任命了这两个机构的新领导人。这两家机构将由一个政府部门来管理,直到它们的财政状况出现好转,不再面临倒闭风险时为止。Paulson says every effort will be made to spare taxpayers from having to assume massive financial burdens stemming from the takeover. 保尔森说,政府会尽全力避免让纳税人承担这次接管所带来的巨大经济负担。Most Americans secure home mortgages through private banks. For decades, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac have made it more attractive to banks to make mortgage loans by purchasing the loans from the banks, and then selling them to private investors. 大部分美国人通过私人来获得住房抵押贷款。几十年来,房利美和房地美从手中购买贷款项目,再把它们转卖给私人投资者,以吸引发放更多的抵押贷款。But recent years have seen mortgage loans made to millions of individuals with poor, risky, or insufficient credit - many of whom have either defaulted on the loans or are at risk of doing so. Fannie Mae's and Freddie Mac's exposure to massive financial losses stemming from the housing crisis has put them on the verge of insolvency. 但是在最近几年里,数百万贫穷、有欠款危险或者信用值不够的个人得到了抵押贷款,现在,他们中的许多人已经或即将无法偿还贷款。房屋市场的危机给房利美和房地美带来了巨额亏损,把它们推到了破产的边缘。News of the government takeover prompted swift reaction from both presidential candidates. Speaking on CBS' Face the Nation program, Republican presidential nominee John McCain said the move "has to be done.""I think that we have got to keep people in their homes. There has got to be restructuring, there has got to be reorganization, and there has got to be some confidence that we have stopped this downward spiral. It is hard, it is tough," said McCain.McCain added that the woes of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are symptomatic of an overall failure of Washington to tackle important issues. He said the federal government has become less effective due to what he termed cronyism and the influence of special interests and lobbyists.His Democratic challenger, Barack Obama, also expressed support for the government takeover. But an Obama ally, Virginia Democratic Governor Tim Kaine, said blame for the financial upheaval lies with President Bush."It is an important step that they [the Bush administration] have taken, but they are way too late. During the Bush administration there has been a complete abdication of responsibility for regulating the nation's financial markets, and so it has come to this," said Kaine.Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac have seen their stocks plummet in value in recent months. The federal takeover includes some government purchasing of the firms' stock and an infusion of funds to assure the firms' continued operation.  房利美和房地美的股票价格在最近几个月里大幅度下跌。这次联邦政府的接管计划包括政府购买这两家公司的股票以及向它们注入资金,以保这它们能继续经营下去。Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are government-sponsored enterprises, which are among several financial service corporations created by the ed States Congress. 房利美和房地美是受到政府持的企业,是由美国国会创立的几个金融务公司之中的两个。200809/47735


  And welcome back, it's 15 minutes before the hour. Dealing with difficult people and situations at work got a whole lot easier. That's because our next guest,Marilyn Puder-York,has written a brand new book called "The Office Survival Guide". And you are er, immanently qualified to write this, you got a PhD in this stuff.A PhD in clinical psychology and I've been an executive coach for about 30 years.And you've also been in the workplace and you've seen the mistakes that people made over and over again, and you have that out there. For example, you even mentioned yourself, you reacted emotionally once when someone talked about your company scaling down. That's right.You went into a rave saying why they shouldn't and you reacted as if it was a person. That's , that's an in er... that's an inanimate object. (That was...)That was...I had a blind spot. I , I was raised to think I was supposed to rescue everybody and then they decided to tell me that my...had to fire my staff and downsize my department and I took it personally, which is one of the Achilles' Heels for what people do - they take things personally at work.But in a working environment people don't come there, you know, they are not, they are not machines, so they do come, they come into a working environment carrying a certain amount of baggage, how they've been raised, the kind of experience they've had in the past and so everybody comes in here with a different set of issues. So how, how do you deal with different people in the, in the workplace to make sure that um, you know, it's not as challenging? Well, number one, first of all, everybody comes with baggage and everybody has issues, and that's a given, but I think the one, the most important thing to do is to be as self-aware as you can about your own Achilles' Heels and your own vulnerabilities. First take responsibility for yourself, know your blind spots, you know, know what difficult situations you're gonna react inappropriately to so that you can control them, and you can control your emotions and curb any kind of impulsive actions on your part, so you don't, you know, inappropriately act with other people.But you say, er, when it comes to co-workers, don't treat them like family members. What do you mean?Absolutely. Well, the environment, first of all is not a family. It's a political entity. So your, your co-workers are not your siblings, your boss is not your parent (even though you might see them more), even though you might see them more, and even though we might feel as if they are. The truth of the matter is they are not, and you don't want to project whatever familiar patterns you had with your siblings, which might have been competitive or collegial depending upon your past history, but you don't want to project that which you had in your family onto the work environment because it is an objective rational environment even though sometimes it may feel irrational. You want to maintain rationality and you know, other people may react badly but you want to react as rationally as possible. So you want to curb your emotions and you want to make sure that you er, don't take, you know, everybody so personally.She is the au..the author of "The Office Survival Guide", glad great tips here; how to make it in the world to hold on to that job you have right now and identify your weaknesses and strengths before you start any position.It really is a fascinating book. It really is.Thank you, thank you very much, thanks for having me.Thanks for being here.All right coming up straight ahead... 200809/47881

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