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2019年09月16日 04:43:53    日报  参与评论()人

赣州丽人医院激光除皱多少钱赣州医院医学整形美容中心好不好Pope Francis’s forthcoming encyclical on climate change and nature looks set to be one of the defining statements of his pontificate. In the two years that he has occupied the throne of St Peter, the Argentine pontiff has charted a radical course, departing from his predecessors on key topics such as sexuality and marriage while pursuing reforms to the administration of the Church itself. Now, he is intervening in one of the most heated political and scientific debates of our age in a way that will delight many environmentalists and alarm conservatives among his flock.教皇方济各(Pope Francis)即将发表的关于气候变化和自然的通谕,看来将成为其教皇任期内具有代表性的声明之一。在登上圣彼得宝座的两年里,这位阿根廷籍教皇为自己绘制了一条激进路线,他在性别与婚姻等关键议题上采取了与前几任教皇不同的态度,同时推动教会管理改革。如今,他正在介入我们这个时代最激烈的政治与科学争论之一。他的介入将使许多环保主义者感到欢欣鼓舞,也会让其信徒中的保守人士感到惊慌。In “Laudato Si” (Be Praised), to be published tomorrow but some of whose contents have been leaked in advance, the Pope has thrown his weight behind the nostrums of climate science. He acknowledges the weight of scientific evidence that places the blame on “human action”. That may not seem an earth-shaking conclusion to some. The Vatican has long overcome its historic reticence about accepting scientific advance.在周四即将发表的题为《赞美你》(Laudato Si)的通谕中(部分内容已被提前泄露),教皇方济各阐明自己持气候科学解决方法的立场。他承认科学据的价值,而科学把气候变化归因于“人类行为”。在有些人看来,这或许并不是一个惊天动地的结论。梵蒂冈在接受科学进步方面早就克了其历史上的沉默。What is striking and courageous, however, is the overt political content of the statement. Its timing is significant, given that the world is preparing for this December’s climate conference in Paris, widely seen as the last chance to secure a deal on global emissions.然而,让人印象深刻且感到鼓舞的是这则声明显而易见的政治含义。它发表的时机意义重大,因为全世界正在筹备今年12月将在巴黎举行的气候变化会议,而此次会议被普遍视为达成全球减排协议的最后机会。The document also offers something much more ambitious than a dry technical critique. Francis is seeking to redefine a secular topic — one that is generally pursued on the level of这一文本还提供了比干巴巴的技术批判更有抱负的信息。教皇方济各正试图从宗教和信仰角度重新定义一项通常只在科学层面上探求的世俗议题。其核心是一项指责,即批评气候变化是发达国家沉湎于消费与便利生活的产物。除非人类的态度发生变化,否则这种状况将不会改变。science — in terms of religion and faith. At its heart is the charge that climate change is the product of the developed world’s addiction to consumption通谕的全文尚未发表,就已经引发了大量争论。一些人认为,教皇的立场存在矛盾。他是全球贫困人口的代言人,他们中很多人属于居住在拉丁美洲和非洲的10亿信仰天主教的居民。如果要让这些生活在发展中国家的人口摆脱贫困,他们将需要依靠工业发展获得更高的生活水平。and convenience. This will not change, unless human attitudes change as但教皇有一点无疑是正确的,他指出穷人是最容易遭受气候变化毁灭性影响的群体——无论是作物被沙漠化毁坏的非洲农民,还是生计受到海平面上升威胁的亚洲居民。well.但当教皇方济各谈到解决方案时,他的听众中将会产生分歧。他呼吁增加对可再生能源的投资,这是正确的。但他并不看好基于市场的全球变暖挑战解决方案(如碳排放信用交易),称这“可能导致一种新形式的投机”,这就回到了梵蒂冈对资本主义持有的传统怀疑态度。这将否定许多机制,这些机制可以帮助推动发达社会减少自身活动产生的排放和污染。Even before the full text has been published, it is aly attracting a great deal of debate. Some argue that there is a contradiction in the Pope’s position. He is the voice for the global poor, many of whom are found among the 1bn Catholic inhabitants of Latin America and Africa. If those living in developing countries are to come out of poverty, they will need to rely on industrial development to secure higher living standards.教皇方济各的介入还表明,比起以前的许多教皇,他准备在紧迫的社会议题上从更广阔的视角进行更大胆的思考。他对气候辩论的贡献不应被忽视。But the Pope is surely right to observe that it is the poor that are most at risk from the devastating effects of climate change, whether the African farmer whose crops are destroyed by desertification or the inhabitant of Asia whose livelihood is menaced by rising seas.虽然控制碳排放和污染在很大程度上是一项技术挑战,但教皇方济各在人与环境的关系方面开启了更深层次的关于道德的讨论。如果资本主义要持续发展,就不能继续破坏这个地球并加深人与人之间的不平等。这是那些足够幸运生活在发达社会中的人们需要关心的问题,不论他们信教与否。 /201506/382064赣州市黄金医院治疗狐臭多少钱 It has taken decades for factory bosses in China to wake up to the idea that allowing their workers to sleep on the job is good for productivity.中国老板用了几十年时间才意识到让工人在上班时睡一会觉有利于提高生产率。So for half an hour every day, the seemployees at a plant in Guangdong are allowed to settle back in their spring-back chairs and grab some precious shut-eye.位于广东的这家工厂里的工人每天都可以坐在自己的回弹椅上休息个半小时。Sitting in a chair might not be the mostrelaxed way of dropping off to sleep, as shown in this photo, but this is avast improvement from years gone by when slumbering at the work desk was treated as a cardinal sin and often meant instant dismissal.坐在椅子上睡觉可能并不是最舒的,但相比于以前,这真是好多了,以前,如果你在工作台上睡着,可能就会被看成是重大过失,而且经常会被立马开除。Granting official permission for workers to enjoy an apres-lunch nap at their benches is all part of reforms that have been implemented in recent years - and factories are reaping the benefits in increased productivity.最近几年,实行了一系列的改革,其中就包括允许工人在饭后睡一会觉,而工厂也从这样的措施中得到了好处,那就是工人们的效率提升了。The #39;sleeping on the job#39; rule has benefited workers so much that the Chinese government now happily reveals that there has been a 30 per cent increase in work flow since it came about,combined with the introduction of a 40-hour working week, a drop in eighthours.“工作时睡觉”这项措施给工人们带来了很多好处,以至于中国政府现在开心的宣布称自从这项措施实施以来,工作流提高了30%,而且现在每周的工作时间从原来的48小时,下降到40小时。This picture was taken by photographer Zhan Youbing who is well qualified to understand why even grabbing a nap in a chairis a matter of great comfort - for he is a former employee from a number of factories producing toys and electronic products.这张照片由摄影师詹幼兵拍摄,他能体会到躺在椅子上睡觉也是一种享受——因为他以前就是一名工人,在不同的玩具和电子厂里工作过。Later learning photographic skills, he embarked on a project to observe what he says is the evolution of the manufacturing world, taking more than 40,000 photos revealing the various conditions his comrades were working under.后来他学习了摄影技术,通过拍摄来观察他所谓的制造业世界的变迁,总共拍摄了4万张图片,展示了工人们不同的工作环境。He recalls how, in 1995 at the age of 22,he arrived in the city of Guangdong along with many young Chinese from the villages seeking work in the burgeoning export-oriented industry.他回忆说1995年的时候22岁的他和其他很多来自中国农村的年轻人来到广东生机勃勃的出口导向型行业寻找工作的历程。The factories chose workers aged between 18 and 25 because the conditions were demanding - 15 hour shifts six or seven daysa week with only short breaks for as little as 34p an hour.当时,由于工作条件的要求,工厂都是选择18-25岁的工人——15个小时一班,每周工作6或者7天,上班时只有很少的休息时间,每个小时的工资只有34便士。But since 2005 there have been vast improvements in working conditions, withsalary increases, dormitories being provided for workers who prefer to grab anap lying down, renovated dining halls and leisure areas where workers can playtable tennis or simply relax.但是自2005年开始,工作环境得到了很大的改善,工资提高,提供宿舍让工人可以躺在床上午休,重新装修餐厅和休闲区,工人可以在休闲区里打乒乓球和放松。Some factories have even helped to providethe children of their workers with education and make clean drinking water available to them.有些工厂还帮忙为工人的子女提供教育,并向他们提供清洁的饮用水。But in an increasing number of factories these days, the greatest torture - sleep deprivation - is becoming a thing of the past. Well-rested workers are happy workers, bosses are now agreeing.如今在越来越多的工厂里,最大的折磨——剥夺睡眠——已经一去不复返了。休息好的员工才是快乐的员工,老板们现在都同意了这种看法。 /201412/348128石城县妇幼保健人民医院治疗痘坑多少钱

赣州俪人医院祛眼袋手术多少钱LUCAS DO RIO VERDE, Brazil — The ambitions are dizzying, some of the grandest in Latin America since thousands of laborers perished building railways through the forbidding jungles of Brazil more than a century ago.巴西贝尔德河畔卢卡斯——它们堪称逾一个世纪前成千上万的铁路建设劳工丧生于险恶的巴西丛林以来拉丁美洲最宏大的一些项目,其中的万丈雄心令人目眩。China has sought to build a “dry canal” in the form of a railway across Colombia, linking the Caribbean to the Pacific. Chinese investors announced another huge venture in Honduras, two ports and a 375-mile railroad from sea to sea. Then this June, China announced yet another megarailway — nearly 10 times as long — across Brazil and Peru, stretching from one coast of South America to the other.中国希望打造一条“陆上通道”,通过穿越哥伦比亚的铁路线来把加勒比海和太平洋连接起来。中国投资者还宣布将在洪都拉斯进行大型工程,用两座港口和一条375英里长(约合600公里)的铁路线将这两片海域打通。到了今年6月,中国宣布了又一个超级铁路项目,是前述长度的近10倍。它将穿越巴西和秘鲁,贯通南美的东西海岸。But across the region, one large Chinese rail venture after another has come crashing against the hard realities of Latin American politics, resistance from environmental groups, and a growing wariness toward China. While China boasts of its rail initiatives around the world, it has often been stymied here in Latin America, reflecting how even China’s formidable ambitions have limits.然而,在这片大陆的各个地方,中国一个接一个的大型铁路项目开始遭遇拉丁美洲冰冷的政治现实、环境团体的抵制,以及对中国越来越深的警惕。尽管中国总是夸耀它在世界各地的铁路项目,但在拉丁美洲却频繁受阻,由此折射出,即便是中国的勃勃雄心也会面临限制。Now, new worries over China’s economic growth are raising more doubts about the blitz of what China calls its “railroad diplomacy,” as parts of Latin America reel from their dependence on China.眼下,在拉丁美洲的不少地区头疼于自身对中国的依赖之际,对中国经济增长状况的新担忧令其口中的“铁路外交”攻势遭受了更多的质疑。The enormous twin-ocean railroad across Brazil and Peru, in particular, “will be a crucial test of China’s mettle as a global power and the potential for greater acquiescence in South America to the designs that China has on our resources,” said José Eustáquio Diniz Alves, a Brazilian scholar.尤其是规模庞大的穿越巴西和秘鲁的两大洋铁路计划,“将成为一次关键的考验,衡量的是中国作为一个全球大国的本事,以及中国对南美资源的筹谋会得到我们更大接受度的可能性,”巴西学者若泽·欧斯塔基奥·迪尼兹·阿尔维斯(José Eustáquio Diniz Alves)表示。“We’re experiencing the downside of our overreliance on China now that the opaque Chinese economy is in flux,” he added. “Imagine what will happen if this railway somehow advances, bringing with it environmental devastation and even more leverage for China in our affairs.”“鉴于扑朔迷离的中国经济目前处于不稳定状态,我们正在经历对它过度依赖的负面影响,”他还说。“假如这条铁路得以推进,会对环境带来毁灭,给中国送上插手我们事务的更大筹码。想象一下,那会是怎样一番情形?”More than 100 years ago, Americans were among the foreigners who rolled into the heart of South America with ambitious plans to build railways. The ruins of their grand designs for the Brazilian Amazon, called the Devil’s Railway because of the thousands of workers who died building it, are a testament to the dangers of relying too heavily on commodity exports.一百多年前,美国等外部势力怀着修建铁路的雄心开进了南美腹地。他们对巴西亚马孙丛林的这一宏伟蓝图被称为“魔鬼铁路”(Devil’s Railway),得名于因此消逝的成千上万条生命。它的遗迹说明了过于依赖大宗商品出口的危险性。Officials slowly abandoned the railroad, parts of which are now swallowed by jungle, after rubber prices collapsed generations ago. These days, China is the one suffering an array of setbacks in railroad projects across the region, at a time when the demand for Latin America’s commodities — like soybeans, iron ore, copper and oil — has slowed.数十年前橡胶价格崩盘之后,官方逐渐遗弃了这条铁路,部分路段如今隐没在了丛林里。到了现在,当拉丁美洲大宗商品——大豆、铁矿石、铜和石油等——面临需求放缓之时,在穿越该地区的铁路项目上遭遇重挫的变成了中国。Last November, Mexico abruptly canceled a Chinese-led bid to build a .3 billion high-speed rail system after accusations that the Mexican government had favored contractors who were part of the consortium.去年11月,墨西哥突然取消了中国中标的高铁建设项目,此前,有人指控该国政府偏袒了中标方当中的承包商。该项目涉及43亿美元的投资。In Honduras, two years have passed since Chinese investors announced the railway linking the Caribbean Sea to the Pacific. Yet Miguel Servellón, an official with the state agency promoting the project, said it was “still a long way from happening,” listing obstacles like a complex environmental approval process.在洪都拉斯,中国投资者两年前就宣布要修建一条连接加勒比海和太平洋的铁路。但在负责促进该项目的官方机构任职的官员米格尔·塞韦利翁(Miguel Servellón)称,“离动工还有很长的路要走”,并列举了面临的障碍,如复杂的环境审批程序。In another project aimed at finding an alternative to the Panama Canal, the Colombian president, Juan Manuel Santos, said four years ago that Colombia and China had a plan that was “quite advanced” to build a railway linking the Pacific to the Caribbean. But the mood has changed considerably since then.四年前,哥伦比亚总统胡安·曼努埃尔·桑托斯(Juan Manuel Santos)称,哥伦比亚和中国制定了一个“相当成熟”的计划,打算修建一条连接太平洋和加勒比海的铁路。该项目意在找到一条替代巴拿马运河的通道。但时至今日,人们的情绪已经有了很大的改变。“It’s a subject that was mentioned in 2011 and subsequently had minimal relevance,” said Daniela Sánchez, the director of the Colombia-China Chamber of Commerce.“那是2011年提到的事情,后来几乎销声匿迹,”哥伦比亚-中国商会(Colombia-China Chamber of Commerce)会长达妮埃拉·桑切斯(Daniela Sánchez)说。In Venezuela, Chinese companies actually broke ground on a 290-mile high-speed railway, part of a grandiose plan by President Hugo Chávez, to “rebalance” the population away from the coast.在委内瑞拉,中国公司修建一条290英里长的高铁的项目的确动工了。该项目是委内瑞拉总统乌戈·查韦斯(Hugo Chávez)为将人口从沿海地区“转移”而制定的宏伟计划的一部分。But while Venezuela’s government boasted that passenger service would start in 2012, the project has been fraught for years with work stoppages and money shortfalls on the Venezuelan side. The Chinese authorities say that more than half of the railway has been built, though Venezuelan news media reported in June that work camps on the route had been abandoned.委内瑞拉政府曾夸口称,将在2012开通客运务,但多年来,该项目一直深受停工和委内瑞拉资金不足的困扰。中国当局称项目已完工过半,而委内瑞拉新闻媒体6月报道称,沿线的工地已被废弃。“The process would be faster if we had abundant capital,” Liang Enguang, deputy general manager of the China Railway Engineering Corporation’s Venezuelan unit, told reporters.“如果我们有充足的资金,进程就会更快,”中国铁路工程总公司委内瑞拉分公司副总经理梁恩广(音)对记者表示。An even bigger project floated by a Chinese telecommunications tycoon, a 172-mile canal across Nicaragua, intended as a rival to the Panama Canal, has been met with broad skepticism about its feasibility as well as protests by farmers living along the proposed route.中国的一家电信巨头还提出了一个更大的项目,即修一条172英里长的运河贯穿尼加拉瓜,使其与巴拿马运河竞争。但该项目遭到了生活在规划线路沿线的农民的抗议,其可行性也广受质疑。Despite the obstacles, China has pressed ahead with the twin-ocean railway across Brazil and Peru, building on trade between China and Latin America that surged to 5 billion in 2014, from billion in 2000, according to figures from the International Monetary Fund.尽管面临阻碍,中国仍在以中国与拉美的贸易为基础,推进贯通巴西和秘鲁的两洋铁路项目。来自国际货币基金组织(International Monetary Fund)的数据显示,中国与拉美之间的贸易额已从2000年的120亿美元,增至2014年的2850亿美元。Lucas do Rio Verde, a farming outpost of 70,000 people, could find itself almost in the middle of the proposed 3,300-mile route, raising hopes that it could be transformed into a major agricultural shipping hub.贝尔德河畔卢卡斯是一个偏远的农业城镇,有7万人。它可能会发现自己几乎处在这条3300英里长的规划线路的中间位置。这激起了一些人的希望,以为这座城市可能会变成一个主要的农产品运输中心。But in the shadows of the grain silos towering over soybean fields and the meat-processing plant here, the responses have often involved more shrugging than jumping for joy.但在耸立在大豆田旁边的粮仓及肉制品加工厂投下的阴影里,人们的反应往往更多的是满不在乎,而非欢欣雀跃。“I don’t doubt that China has the money and know-how to make this happen,” said Ricardo Tomczyk, the president of an industry group representing soybean farmers. But “we know that Brazil’s bureaucracy is more formidable than building a railway across the peaks of the Andes.”“我不怀疑中国有做成这件事所需要的资金和技术,”一个代表大豆种植者的行业组织的负责人里卡多·托姆奇克(Ricardo Tomczyk)说。但“我们知道,巴西的官僚主义,比在安第斯山脉的丛山峻林中修铁路更棘手”。More enthusiastic supporters of the venture argue that the recent flux in the Chinese economy is merely a blip in China’s rise in Latin America. Though some economists have noted the steady decline in China’s foreign currency reserves, Chinese banks and engineering companies are still expected to have ample funds for the billion project, they say, despite the recent drop in China’s currency, the renminbi.更热情一些的持者则表示,中国经济最近出现的动荡,只是让该国在拉美崛起的趋势暂时回落。一些经济学家提到了中国外汇储备的稳步下滑,但他们表示,中国的和工程公司依然有望为涉及100亿美元的这一项目提供充足的资金,即便最近中国的货币人民币出现贬值。In fact, some political analysts say that the decline in commodity prices and Brazil’s stumbling economy could actually enhance China’s bargaining power, helping it to persuade the local authorities to accept Chinese terms for the railway.事实上,一些政治分析人士称,大宗商品价格的下跌和巴西经济面临的困境,实际上可能会增加中国讨价还价的能力,帮助中国说地方政府接受中方给修建铁路开出的条件。“Barring a more intense crisis in China, Chinese investors still wield enormous financial clout, far more than the strained players in the Brazilian market,” said André Nassif, an economist at Funda漀 Getúlio Vargas, an elite university in Rio de Janeiro.“除非国内出现更严峻的危机,中国投资者拥有的巨大金融实力,依然大幅压倒巴西市场上那些承受着压力的参与者,”里约热内卢的精英学府瓦加斯商学院(Funda漀 Getúlio Vargas)的经济学者安德烈·纳西夫(André Nassif)说。Still, political leaders, farmers and environmental activists are eyeing China’s difficulties in completing railroads elsewhere in Latin America. They point out Brazil’s particularly nettlesome bureaucracy, its laws prohibiting China from hiring its own laborers, a web of auditing courts, and the capacity of dozens of different prosecutors to cripple megaprojects with lawsuits.然而,政治领袖、农场主和环保活动人士正观察着中国在完成拉美其他地方的铁路时面临的困难。他们指出了巴西特别恼人的官僚体系、禁止中国雇佣自己的工人的法律、错综复杂的审计法庭以及可以通过诉讼打击大型项目的数十名各类检察官。“On top of all that, we have a very fragile government,” said Otaviano Pivetta, the mayor of Lucas do Rio Verde, noting the push to impeach President Dilma Rousseff, who supports the Chinese railway project. “Sure, I’d like this to happen, but we cannot ignore the obstacles.”“除此之外,我们的政府非常脆弱,”贝尔德河畔卢卡斯市长奥塔维亚诺·皮韦塔(Otaviano Pivetta)说。他提到了弹劾持中国铁路项目的总统迪尔玛·罗塞夫(Dilma Rousseff)的行动。“当然,我希望这个项目能做成,但我们不能忽视那些障碍。”China aly outranks the ed States as Brazil’s largest trading partner. But while Chinese demand for commodities fueled the growth of farming cities like Lucas do Rio Verde, exports of soybeans and corn are still largely taken to ports on deplorable public roads like BR-163, a 1,097-mile route cutting across the Amazon.中国已经超越美国,成为巴西最大的贸易伙伴。尽管中国对大宗商品的需求推动了贝尔德河畔卢卡斯等农业城镇的增长,但出口的大豆和玉米,依然主要通过BR-163等路况糟糕的公路运往港口。BR-163是一条穿越亚马孙雨林的线路,长1097英里。Stretches of the road remain unpaved, raising freight costs. When it rains, some truckers along muddy stretches simply find themselves stuck for days.这条路的部分路段仍是土路,这增加了货运成本。下雨天,一些行驶在泥泞路段的货车司机会发现,自己要被困数天。Scholars of China’s ties to Latin America say the proposed railway would go well beyond cutting shipping costs, reflecting Beijing’s efforts to secure raw materials, improve its food security and find new markets for Chinese engineering and rail firms at a time when the nation’s economic growth is slowing.研究中国与拉美的关系的学者称,提议的铁路远不止会削减运输成本,它还反映了中国在国内经济增长放缓之际,为获得原料、增强粮食安全并为中国的工程和铁路公司寻找新市场而采取的行动。“The Chinese don’t fully trust that the U.S. won’t try to restrict them at certain strategic choke points,” said R. Evan Ellis, a professor of Latin American studies at the ed States Army War College Strategic Studies Institute, pointing to China’s reliance on shipping lanes like the Panama Canal.“中国不完全相信美国不会在某些战略要冲上试图限制他们,”美国陆军战争学院战略研究院(ed States Army War College Strategic Studies Institute)的拉美研究教授R·埃文·埃利斯(R. Evan Ellis)说。他指出了中国对巴拿马运河等运输通道的依赖。Some political leaders in both Brazil and Peru have welcomed the Chinese proposal, gauging its seriousness by the fact that Li Keqiang, the Chinese prime minister, personally promoted the project while visiting both countries in May. Chinese officials agreed to deliver a feasibility report in about a year.在巴西和秘鲁,一些政治领袖对中国的提议表示欢迎。他们是根据中国总理李克强在5月访问两国期间亲自促进该项目这个事实,来判断中方的认真程度的。中国官员同意在大约一年后拿出一份可行性报告。The governors of three states in the Brazilian Amazon that the railroad would traverse are voicing support for the railway. But even some who stand to benefit from it acknowledge the vexing array of challenges.铁路将贯穿巴西亚马孙地区的三个州。这三个州的州长均表示持该项目。但就连一些很可能会从中受益的人也承认,存在诸多令人心烦的挑战。“I don’t want to be pessimistic about their railroad, but it will be very hard,” said Marino Franz, a former mayor of Lucas do Rio Verde.“对他们这条铁路,我不想表现得悲观,但这件事的确会很难,”前贝尔德河畔卢卡斯市长马里诺·弗朗茨(Marino Franz)说。Powerful political and business figures, whose river ports and soybean processing centers could be threatened by the railway, are aly blasting the Chinese venture.一些有权势的政界和商界人物已经在炮轰中国这个项目了。他们的河港和大豆加工中心可能会受到铁路的威胁。“I don’t believe in it,” Senator Blairo Maggi, a soybean farmer and former governor of Mato Grosso State told his counterparts in the Senate.“我不相信这个项目,”参议员布莱罗·马吉(Blairo Maggi)在参议院对自己的同僚说。他是一名大豆农场主,曾担任马托格罗索州的州长。Of course, other Chinese infrastructure projects have made progress in Latin America, helping reshape the region. In Argentina, where Chinese companies are upgrading a dilapidated cargo network, imports of railroad materials and trains from China reached around 0 million in 2014, up from million in 2011. In Ecuador, state-owned Chinese banks have aly put nearly billion into the country, building a dam, roads, highways, bridges, and hospitals.当然,中国在拉美的其他基础设施项目已取得进展,帮助重塑了该地区。在阿根廷,中国公司正在对破败的货运网络进行升级,从中国进口铁路材料和火车的贸易额,从2011年的5000万美元,增加到了2014年的约7亿美元。在厄瓜多尔,中国的国有已向该国投入近110亿美元,用于修建大坝、高速公路、桥梁和医院。Some in Brazil argue that Chinese companies are learning from their successes and setbacks. Here in Brazil, Sinopec, the Chinese energy producer, built a .3 billion gas pipeline. Now Brazilian officials are investigating claims of gross overbilling in its construction.一些巴西人称,中国公司正在吸取经验和教训。在巴西,中国能源生产商中国石化投资13亿美元,修建了一条输气管道。眼下,巴西官员正在调查施工过程中存在严重的虚开账单现象的说法。With Brazil’s economy ailing, some powerful officials are signaling that they may be willing to accept China’s proposal, while also suggesting that the railway could be pursued with a less ambitious, piecemeal approach.在巴西经济不景气的情况下,一些有影响力的官员释放的信号表明,他们可能愿意接受中国的提议。但他们也表示,可以用不那么野心勃勃的、循序渐进的方式对待该铁路项目。“The Twin-Ocean Railway could be done in parts,” Nelson Barbosa, Brazil’s planning minister, said in testimony before the Senate, emphasizing in particular two stretches where farming groups have clamored for railroads.“两洋铁路可以分部分进行,”巴西规划部长尼尔森·巴萨(Nelson Barbosa)在参议院作时说。他特别强调了两个路段。在那两个地区,农业团体极力持修建铁路。Mr. Gallagher said the railway ranks among the largest infrastructure projects in Latin America in the last century.加拉格尔称,这个铁路项目可谓是过去一个世纪里拉美地区最大的基础设施项目之一。“China will have to race up the learning curve for this to succeed,” he said. “If the Chinese can’t make this happen, then no one can.”“要想成功,中国必须加快学习步伐,”他说。“如果中国做不成,那就没人能做成了。” /201510/402412赣州妇幼保健医院激光去掉雀斑多少钱 This year brought so many promising new shows: 2014 was the year of “True Detective,” “The Honorable Woman,” “Fargo,” “The Affair,” “Olive Kitteridge” and “Silicon Valley,; among others. But there were also older shows that either stayed the course or somehow climbed their way back from a dip or even total eclipse, notably “The Comeback,” starring Lisa Kudrow, a HBO comedy that was canceled in 2005 after one season and then resurrected in November.2014年出现了这么多大有前途的新剧:《真探》(True Detective)、《荣耀之女》(The Honorable Woman)、《冰血暴》(Fargo)、《婚外情》(The Affair)、《奥丽芙·基特里奇》(Olive Kitteridge)和《硅谷》(Silicon Valley)等。有些老剧仍在坚持,或者莫名其妙地重振雄风,或者在被砍后再次回归,最显眼的是丽莎·库卓(Lisa Kudrow)主演的HBO喜剧《归来记》(The Comeback),它在2005年播出一季后被砍,今年11月回归。These are a few old shows that found new vigor in 2014 and deserve another look — and also a few that don’t.下面是2014年的几部重现活力、需要刮目相看的老剧——以及几部死气沉沉的老剧。‘Homeland’ This Showtime espionage thriller seemed destined for irrelevance after Brody (Damian Lewis) was finally killed at the end of Season 3. Season 4 has so far turned out to be remarkably vital and exhilarating without him, this time by pitting Carrie (Claire Danes) against a beautiful, deceitful Pakistani intelligence officer, Tasneem, (Nimrat Kaur).《国土安全》(Homeland):第三季末布洛迪(Brody,戴米恩·路易斯[Damian Lewis]饰)最终被杀后,映时频道(Showtime)的这部间谍惊悚剧似乎走到了尽头。目前看来,第四季没了他却变得充满活力,令人喜爱。卡莉(Carrie,克莱尔·丹尼斯[Claire Danes]饰)这次的对手是美貌、狡猾的巴基斯坦情报官塔斯尼姆(Tasneem,尼姆拉特·考尔[Nimrat Kaur]饰)。‘The Good Wife’ Once Will (Josh Charles), Alicia’s illicit love interest, died at the end of Season 5, this sexy CBS courtroom drama seemed as if it might droop and wither, but instead, the sixth season steamed with almost madcap energy, mixing Alicia’s newly fledged political campaign, a war of the roses between Alicia’s new firm and her old one, and the legal travails of Cary, her legal partner. Alicia isn’t quite so good anymore, and that makes “The Good Wife” all the better.《傲骨贤妻》(The Good Wife):艾丽西娅(Alicia)的秘密暧昧对象威尔(Will,乔希·查尔斯[Josh Charles]饰)在第五季末死去,CBS频道的这部性感法庭剧似乎要完蛋了,但是第六季却似乎充满了疯狂的能量——艾丽西娅初露头角的政治竞选、新旧公司的权力之争、合伙人卡里(Cary)的棘手法律事务。艾丽西娅不再那么完美,《傲骨贤妻》因此更好看了。‘Law amp; Order: SVU’ This N ripped-from-the-soap-opera perils of Olivia (Mariska Hargitay) — psychopath rapist-stalker, tortured love affair, new baby — that took up so much air last season finally died down, and this season, the show’s 16th, the detectives got back to sex crimes à clef, including a Ray Rice-inspired episode about a star sportscaster who was seen on a surveillance camera punching the lights out of his wife.《法律与秩序:特殊受害者》(Law amp; Order: SVU):N频道的这部电视剧上一季中的危机仿佛是从肥皂剧中搬来,发生了各种大事,奥利维亚(Olivia,玛莉丝卡·哈吉塔[(Mariska Hargitay]饰)经历了许多危险——喜欢跟踪的变态强奸犯,折磨人的婚外恋,新生婴儿,现在这一切终于平息下来。在今年的第16季中,侦探们回到了重要的性犯罪上,其中一集的灵感来自雷·赖斯(Ray Rice),讲述的是从监控录像中看到一个著名体育广播员殴打自己的妻子。‘The Mindy Project’ It doesn’t matter that Mindy Kaling’s comedy on Fox is in its third season and still not a hit, because it keeps improving with age. It has grown from a one-comedian showcase into a very funny ensemble effort, thanks in part to the addition of Adam Pally in Season 2 and jokes about Ms. Kaling’s alma mater, Dartmouth.《明迪烦事多》(The Mindy Project):福克斯频道的这部明迪·卡灵(Mindy Kaling)创作的喜剧已经在播第三季,但仍不热门,不过这无关紧要,因为它在不断进步——从单个喜剧演员的独角戏发展成非常有趣的集体表演,部分原因在于第二季增加了亚当·帕利(Adam Pally),并且对明迪的母校达特茅斯学院开起了玩笑。‘Episodes’ This comedy on Showtime, too often overlooked, follows the bewilderment of two British TV writers stuck in Hollywood creating a series for Matt LeBlanc, who plays a diva version of himself very convincingly. Not many shows set in the entertainment industry can sustain the conceit, but this is one that got even better in its third year.《剧集人生》(Episodes):映时频道的这部喜剧经常被忽视,它讲述的是两位被困在好莱坞的英国电视编剧在为马特·勒布朗(Matt LeBlanc)创作电视剧时遇到的困惑。勒布朗在剧中饰演他自己,演得很精。以业为背景的电视剧很少能保持最初的巧妙构思,但这部剧的第三季比前两季还要精。‘Veep’ “House of Cards,” the Netflix phenomenon, showed its weaknesses this year, but HBO’s “Veep,” the other most cynical show about Washington, got stronger in its third season. The scene in a restroom in which Selina (Julia Louis-Dreyfus) and her assistant, Gary (Tony Hale) discover that she is going to become president and dissolve into uncontrollable laughter was one of the great comic moments of 2014.《副总统》(Veep):Netflix公司的热门剧《纸牌屋》(House of Cards)今年露出疲态,但另一部讽刺华盛顿的HBO电视剧《副总统》却在第三季中更上一层楼。塞琳娜(朱莉娅·路易斯-德莱弗斯[Julia Louis-Dreyfus]饰)和助手加里(Gary,托尼·黑尔[Tony Hale]饰)在洗手间里发现自己即将成为总统后,激动得失声大笑,成为2014年喜剧片中最滑稽的一幕。‘The Americans’ Set in the Reagan era, this FX series is nearly as deceptive as KGB agents posing as suburban American couple: In its second season, “The Americans” proved to be a drama about love, family, friendship and mistrust disguised as a Cold War thriller.《美国谍梦》(The Americans):FX频道的这部电视剧以里根时代为背景,它和剧中两位伪装成美国郊区夫妻的克格勃间谍一样具有欺骗性:第二季表面上看是冷战惊悚剧,实际上是关于爱情、家庭、友谊和猜忌的情节剧。‘Jeopardy!’ This game show celebrated the 50th anniversary of its debut (broadcast on March 30, 1964), and proved it can still not only stump viewers but also surprise them. That’s not just because the host, Alex Trebek, briefly regrew a mustache after 13 clean-shaven years, but also because some contestants showed they could still rile an audience. This year, it was Arthur Chu, who introduced a blitzkrieg style of gamesmanship that provoked a cyber hate-fest. His strategy was thrilling and certainly effective: he came in second in the Tournament of Champions. (Ben Ingram, the nice guy, finished first.)《危险!》(Jeopardy!):这个游戏节目今年已播出50年(1964年3月30日首播),它明自己不仅能难住观众,而且能令他们感到意外。不仅是因为主持人亚历克斯·特里贝克(Alex Trebek)留起了胡子(之前13年他都是把胡子剃得干干净净),而且是因为仍有些选手表明自己能刺激观众。今年刺激观众的是亚瑟·朱(Arthur Chu),他采用闪电战式的答题方式,在网上引起一片哗然。他的策略令人兴奋,当然也很奏效:他在锦标赛中夺得第二名(友善的本·因格拉姆[Ben Ingram]最后得了第一)。Some hits have gone so far over the top they should be winded, yet instead keep on puffing gusts of hot air, including “Downton Abbey,” “Scandal” and “Revenge.” A new addition on A, “How to Get Away With Murder” was a fun substitute, a lurid nighttime soap opera about lawbreaking defense lawyers — “Law amp; Disorder.”有些热门剧已经走得太远,应该降降温了,却仍在大张旗鼓,比如《唐顿庄园》(Downton Abbey)、《丑闻》(Scandal)和《复仇》(Revenge)。A频道的新剧《逍遥法外》(How to Get Away With Murder)是一部有趣的替代品,它是一部耸人听闻的夜间肥皂剧,讲述不法辩护律师的故事,简直可以称为“法律与无序”。There were also shows that didn’t live up to early expectations but still had traction, most notably “The Affair,” on Showtime, which began as a Hamptons film noir and instead turned into a French art film. The crime may not be commensurate with the series’s punishingly slow pace and “Rashomon;-like storytelling, but the series picked up momentum — and suspense — in the final episodes.还有些电视剧不如人们最初预料的好,不过仍有吸引力,最显眼的是映时频道的《婚外恋》,它一开始看起来像汉普顿斯式黑色电影,后来变成了法国艺术电影。剧中的罪行与过于缓慢的节奏以及《罗生门》(Rashomon)式的讲述方式不太相称,不过该剧在最后几集势头大涨,悬念丛生。That was true, too, of “Mad Men” on AMC. which in its seventh season has all but exhausted its characters and its 1960s setting, but is still keeping viewers guessing about the end, which won’t air until next year. “The Sopranos” ended ambiguously. “Breaking Bad,” put an end to Walter White. Now, the next television mystery looming ahead centers on Don Draper’s last moments, dead or alive.AMC频道的《广告狂人》(Mad Men)也是如此。该剧演到了第七季,剧中人物和20世纪60年代的背景似乎已被挖掘干净,不过它仍在让观众猜测结局,结局要到明年才播出。《黑道家族》(The Sopranos)结局模糊。《绝命毒师》(Breaking Bad)以沃尔特·怀特(Walter White)死去告终。现在,隐约显现的下一个电视谜题是唐·德雷珀(Don Draper)的最后时刻——究竟是死去还是活着。 /201412/348800赣州医院去腋臭多少钱

寻乌县人民医院脱毛多少钱Toyota and Honda picked a bad time to take their foot off the accelerator in China. As the global car market went into a financial crisis-induced tailspin in 2008, Chinese demand kept expanding, accounting for one-third of the industry’s total growth over the ensuing five years. 丰田(Toyota)和本田(Honda)在中国市场放缓扩张的时机很糟糕。2008年,全球汽车市场陷入由金融危机引起的直线下跌,但中国的需求仍保持增长,在随后五年占全球汽车业总增长的三分之一。 Last year, annual sales of passenger cars and minivans remained 9 and 14 per cent below their pre-crisis peaks in the US and western Europe respectively, and recovered to 2007 levels in Japan, according to automotive consultancy AlixPartners. 汽车咨询公司艾睿铂(AlixPartners)统计显示,去年,美国和西欧乘用车和小型货车年销量分别比危机之前最高水平低9%和14%,日本则恢复了2007年的水平。 Meanwhile, sales in China’s market more than doubled to 18.6m, making it the world’s largest. “The downturn didn’t really happen in China,” says Bill Russo, a former US auto executive and Beijing-based industry consultant. “China’s share of the global market rose significantly in 2009 and 2010.” 与此同时,中国市场的销量增加一倍以上,达到1860万辆,成为世界最大汽车市场。曾是美国汽车业高管、现在驻北京的汽车咨询师罗威(Bill Russo)说:“中国并没有真的发生低迷,2009年和2010年,中国占全球市场的份额显著上升。” Toyota and Honda missed the party. Together with Nissan, the “big three” Japanese auto companies’ combined share of the China market crashed from more than one-quarter to just 15 per cent in the first half year on year. 丰田和本田错过了机会。加上日产(Nissan),这三大日本汽车公司今年上半年在中国市场的总份额从去年同期的逾25%下降到只有15%。 Toyota and Honda at least have some interesting excuses. Japanese car companies make for easy targets in China, especially at times of political tension between Asia’s two largest economies. 丰田和本田至少有一些有意思的借口。日本汽车公司在中国很容易成为攻击目标,特别是在亚洲两大经济体之间出现政治紧张的时候。 Chinese nationalist passions boiled over in September last year, after the Japanese government purchased the disputed Senkaku Islands – known in China as the Diaoyu – from their private owner. Japanese car companies briefly halted production as angry crowds targeted their cars and dealerships. 去年9月,日本政府从私人所有者买下有争议的尖阁诸岛(Senkaku Islands,中国称钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿)之后,中国民族主义情绪高涨。愤怒的民众将日本汽车及其经销商作为攻击对象,迫使日本汽车公司暂时停产。 Some Chinese drivers cleverly presented the mob with a moral dilemma – and saved their Japanese cars – by plastering the vehicles with stickers of Chinese flags and other patriotic symbols. 一些中国司机比较明智地在车上贴了中国国旗和其他爱国主义符号的贴纸,让那些打砸的人在道德上陷入两难境地——籍此拯救自己的日本品牌车。 “We lost 50 per cent in sales immediately,” Carlos Ghosn, chief executive of Nissan, said as he delivered first-half results earlier this month. The carmaker is yet to regain the 7.7 per cent market share it enjoyed before the dispute. 日产首席执行官卡洛斯#8226;戈恩(Carlos Ghosn)11月发布上半年销量时说:“我们的销量很快就下降50%。”日产的市场占有率依然没有恢复争端爆发之前的7.7%。 Toyota’s vehicle sales also dropped rapidly, with many customers cancelling orders and shunning showrooms. It was forced to reduce production temporarily in some plants by as much as 60 per cent. 丰田的汽车销量也急剧下降,很多客户取消订单,也不再去丰田展厅。丰田被迫临时减产,一些工厂减产60%。 Japanese auto executives admit that the severity of the incident took them by surprise, given that previous geopolitical flare-ups had not seriously affected production. 鉴于以往的地缘政治冲突并没有严重影响汽车生产,日本汽车高管承认,此次事件的严重性让他们意外。 “Japanese carmakers always feel that [when it comes to] doing business in China we don’t stand on the same point as western carmakers,” says one industry insider. “We always have to overcome these past political problems.” 一位业内人士说:“日本汽车制造商始终感觉,在中国做生意,我们与西方汽车制造商所处的地位不同。我们永远需要克过去的政治问题。” Ivo Naumann, AlixPartners’ Shanghai-based managing director, says: “The biggest problem [with these incidents] is on the dealer side. If sales decline or your windows get smashed every three or four years because of some stupid political issue, you ask whether you should continue.” 艾睿铂驻上海董事总经理罗曼(Ivo Naumann)说:“这些事件给经销商带来的问题最严重。如果销量下降或者由于愚蠢的政治问题每三、四年门店被砸,那么你就该问问要不要坚持下去了。” A series of industrial actions in 2010 that marked the beginning of the end of China’s cheap labour advantage also primarily affected Japanese car plants in southern China. The striking auto workers drew on lingering resentment over their country’s former wartime adversary. 2010年标志着中国廉价劳动力优势时代进入尾声的一系列劳工行动,也主要影响到位于中国南方的日本汽车工厂。罢工的汽车工人利用了中国人对日本侵华那段历史的耿耿于怀。 Many analysts, however, do not accept that geopolitics has been the main reason for Toyota and Honda’s poor performance in China over recent years. 然而,很多分析师并不认为地缘政治是丰田和本田近年在中国表现糟糕的主要原因。 They point instead to inadequate plant expansions, low levels of localisation and other strategic errors that were made before Sino-Japanese relations hit their latest low point. 他们认为,真正的原因是工厂扩建不到位、本地化程度不够高,以及在中日关系跌至最近的低谷之前犯下的其他战略错误。 After last year’s turmoil, Toyota’s sales this September rose 45 per cent year on year, according to market research consultancy LMC Automotive, which collates data for every operator in the market, while Honda and Nissan’s China business doubled. 市场研究咨询机构LMC Automotive统计显示,经过去年的动荡后,丰田今年9月的销量同比增长45%,本田和日产在中国的销量翻番。LMC Automotive整理分析市场上每一家经营者的数据。 But all three companies’ sales over the first three quarters of 2013 remained largely flat or slightly down versus the same period last year, even as the overall market grew a robust 15 per cent. 但这三家公司2013年前三季度的销量基本与去年同期持平或者略微下降,尽管整体市场强劲增长了15%。 “The Japanese took a negative view of the market,” says Mr Naumann. “They simply ran out of capacity. There was demand but they just couldn’t supply it.” 罗曼说:“日本企业对市场看法消极,很简单,他们的产能不够。需求是存在的,但他们就是无法供应。” Toyota in particular, he adds, badly underestimated how fast the market would grow. 他补充说,丰田尤其低估了中国市场增长的速度。 Toyota enjoyed a bumper 2008 in China, attaining a 10 per cent market share and becoming the country’s second-best-selling brand, after Volkswagen. 2008年,丰田在中国取得佳绩,占市场份额的10%,成为中国汽车市场第二大畅销品牌,仅次于大众(Volkswagen)。 But as the global financial crisis took hold, it froze development of a major plant in Changchun, a northeastern industrial centre, and delayed approval for capacity increases at other facilities. 但随着全球金融危机全面爆发,丰田冻结了中国东北工业重镇长春一家大厂的施工建设,还推迟批准其他工厂的产能扩充计划。 The Changchun plant, originally slated to have begun manufacturing in 2010, finally opened last year with an annual capacity of 100,000 vehicles. “We never thought of [China] as an El Dorado,” one Toyota executive admits. 长春的工厂原计划在2010年投产,结果拖到去年才开工,年产量为10万辆。丰田的一位高管承认:“我们没想到中国会成为黄金市场。” GM is now firmly entrenched in the number two slot. 通用汽车(GM)现在稳坐第二的位置。 Some analysts are optimistic that Toyota and Honda have learnt from their mistakes and can bounce back, although it will be a difficult task in what is now the most competitive national market in the history of the auto industry. More than 100 manufacturers are active in China including every major multinational car company. 一些分析师乐观地认为,丰田和本田已经吸取教训并且能够恢复元气,尽管这将是一项艰巨的任务——中国已成为汽车业史上竞争最激烈的市场。100多家汽车制造商活跃在中国市场,包括所有大型跨国汽车公司。 “They will regain market share,” says Mr Naumann. “They are still formidable companies. They still have excellent cars.” 罗曼说:“日本企业将重获市场份额。他们依然是令人敬畏的企业。他们依然生产一流的汽车。” Tatsuo Yoshida, auto analyst at Barclays, also believes Japanese manufacturers are at last addressing their deficiencies in China after concerns about intellectual property protection had for years dissuaded them from developing more vehicles there. But he expects that the US will remain their key market. 巴克莱(Barclays)汽车分析师吉田龙夫(Tatsuo Yoshida)也认为,由于担忧知识产权难以保护,多年来日本汽车制造商不愿在华研发更多汽车,但它们现在终于开始应对自己在中国的不足。但他预计美国仍将是它们的关键市场。 /201312/266990 赣州隆胸美容医院赣州做美容祛斑要多少钱

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