In the long history of the world, only a few generations have been granted the role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger.在世界的悠久历史中，只有很少几个世代的人赋有这种在自由遭遇最大危机时保卫自由的任务。I do not shrink from this responsibility I welcome it.我决不在这责任之前退缩；我欢迎它。I do not believe that any of us would exchange places with any other people or any other generation.我不相信我们中间会有人愿意跟别人及别的世代交换地位。The energy, the faith, the devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it.我们在这场努力中所献出的精力、信念与虔诚、将照亮我们的国家以及所有为国家务的人。And the glow from that fire can truly light the world.而从这一火焰所聚出的光辉必能照明全世界。And so, my fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.所以，同胞们：不要问你们的国家能为你们做些什么，而要问你们能为国家做些什么。My fellow citizens of the world, ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man全世界的公民：不要问美国愿为你们做些什么，而应问我们在一起能为人类的自由做些什么。Finally, whether you are citizens of America or citizens of the world, ask of us here the same high standards of strength and sacrifice which we ask of you.最后，不管你是美国的公民或世界它国的公民，请将我们所要求于你们的有关力量与牺牲的高标准拿来要求我们。With a good conscience our only sure reward, with history the final judge of our deeds, let us go forth to lead the land we love,我们唯一可靠的报酬是问心无愧，我们行为的最后裁判者是历史，让我们向前引导我们所挚爱的国土，asking His blessing and His help, but knowing that here on earth Gods work must truly be our own.企求上帝的保佑与扶携，但我们知道，在这个世界上，上帝的任务肯定就是我们自己所应肩负的任务。02/437806Declaration of Candidacy 竞选宣言 …………………………… 2007年2月10日，伊利诺伊州首府斯普林菲尔德市NEW HAMPSHIRE PRIMARY NIGHTJanuary 8, 2008 | Nashua, New Hampshire I want to congratulate Senator Clinton on a hard-fought victory here in New Hampshire.A few weeks ago, no one imagined that we’d have accomplished what we did here tonight. For most of this campaign, we were far behind, and we always knew our climb would be steep.But in record numbers, you came out and spoke up for change. And with your voices and your votes, you made it clear that at this moment—in this election—there is something happening in America.There is something happening when men and women in Des Moines and Davenport , in Lebanon and Concord , come out in the snows of January to wait in lines that stretch block after block because they believe in what this country can be.There is something happening when Americans who are young in age and in spirit—who have never before participated in politics—turn out in numbers we’ve never seen because they know in their hearts that this time must be different.There is something happening when people vote not just for the party they belong to but the hopes they hold in common—that whether we are rich or poor, black or white, Latino or Asian; whether we hail from Iowa or New Hampshire, Nevada , or South Carolina , we are y to take this country in a fundamentally new direction. That is what’s happening in America right now. Change is what’s happening in America.You can be the new majority who can lead this nation out of a long political darkness—Democrats , independents, and Republicans who are tired of the division and distraction that have clouded Washington; who know that we can disagree without being disagreeable; who understand that if we mobilize our voices to challenge the money and influence that’s stood in our way and challenge ourselves to reach for something better, there’s no problem we can’t solve—no destiny we cannot fulfill.Our new American majority can end the outrage of unaffordable, unavailable health care in our time. We can bring doctors and patients, workers and businesses, Democrats and Republicans together; and we can tell the drug and insurance industry that while they’ll get a seat at the table, they don’t get to buy every chair. Not this time. Not now.Our new majority can end the tax breaks for corporations that ship our jobs overseas and put a middle-class tax cut into the pockets of the working Americans who deserve it.We can stop sending our children to schools with corridors of shame and start putting them on a pathway to success. We can stop talking about how great teachers are and start rewarding them for their greatness. We can do this with our new majority.We can harness the ingenuity of farmers and scientists, citizens and entrepreneurs , to free this nation from the tyranny of oil and save our planet from a point of no return .And when I am President, we will end this war in Iraq and bring our troops home; we will finish the job against Al Qaeda in Afghanistan ; we will care for our veterans; we will restore our moral standing in the world; and we will never use 9/11 as a way to scare up votes, because it is not a tactic to win an election, it is a challenge that should unite America and the world against the common threats of the twenty-first century: terrorism and nuclear weapons; climate change and poverty; genocide and disease.All of the candidates in this race share these goals. All have good ideas. And all are patriots who serve this country honorably.But the reason our campaign has always been different is because it’s not just about what I will do as President, it’s also about what you, the people who love this country, can do to change it.That’s why tonight belongs to you. It belongs to the organizers and the volunteers and the staff who believed in our improbable journey and rallied so many others to join.We know the battle ahead will be long, but always remember that no matter what obstacles stand in our way, nothing can withstand the power of millions of voices calling for change.We have been told we cannot do this by a chorus of cynics who will only grow louder and more dissonant in the weeks to come. We’ve been asked to pause for a reality check. We’ve been warned against offering the people of this nation false hope.But in the unlikely story that is America, there has never been anything false about hope. For when we have faced down impossible odds; when we’ve been told that we’re not y, or that we shouldn’t try, or that we can’t, generations of Americans have responded with a simple creed that sums up the spirit of a people.Yes we can.It was a creed written into the founding documents that declared the destiny of a nation. Yes we can.It was whispered by slaves and abolitionists as they blazed a trail toward freedom through the darkest of nights.Yes we can.It was sung by immigrants as they struck out from distant shores and pioneers who pushed westward against an unforgiving wilderness.Yes we can.It was the call of workers who organized; women who reached for the ballot; a President who chose the moon as our new frontier; and a King who took us to the mountaintop and pointed the way to the Promised Land .Yes we can to justice and equality. Yes we can to opportunity and prosperity. Yes we can heal this nation. Yes we can repair this world. Yes we can.And so tomorrow, as we take this campaign south and west, as we learn that the struggles of the textile worker in Spartanburg are not so different than the plight of the dishwasher in Las Vegas ; that the hopes of the little girl who goes to a crumbling school in Dillon are the same as the dreams of the boy who learns on the streets of LA ; we will remember that there is something happening in America: that we are not as divided as our politics suggests; that we are one people; we are one nation; and together, we will begin the next great chapter in America’s story with three words that will ring from coast to coast; from sea to shining sea. Yes. We. Can.08/81857President Bush Discusses Situation in Georgia, Urges Russia to Cease Military Operations THE PRESIDENT: Good morning. I've just met with my national security team to discuss the crisis in Georgia. I've spoken with President Saakashvili of Georgia, and President Sarkozy of France this morning. The ed States strongly supports France's efforts, as President of the European Union, to broker an agreement that will end this conflict.The ed States of America stands with the democratically elected government of Georgia. We insist that the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia be respected.Russia has stated that changing the government of Georgia is not its goal. The ed States and the world expect Russia to honor that commitment. Russia has also stated that it has halted military operations and agreed to a provisional cease-fire. Unfortunately, we're receiving reports of Russian actions that are inconsistent with these statements. We're concerned about reports that Russian units have taken up positions on the east side of the city of Gori, which allows them to block the East-West Highway, divide the country, and threaten the capital of Tbilisi.We're concerned about reports that Russian forces have entered and taken positions in the port city of Poti, that Russian armored vehicles are blocking access to that port, and that Russia is blowing up Georgian vessels. We're concerned about reports that Georgian citizens of all ethnic origins are not being protected. All forces, including Russian forces, have an obligation to protect innocent civilians from attack.With these concerns in mind, I have directed a series of steps to demonstrate our solidarity with the Georgian people and bring about a peaceful resolution to this conflict. I'm sending Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice to France, where she will confer with President Sarkozy. She will then travel to Tbilisi, where she will personally convey America's unwavering support for Georgia's democratic government. On this trip she will continue our efforts to rally the free world in the defense of a free Georgia.I've also directed Secretary of Defense Bob Gates to begin a humanitarian mission to the people of Georgia, headed by the ed States military. This mission will be vigorous and ongoing. A U.S. C-17 aircraft with humanitarian supplies is on its way. And in the days ahead we will use U.S. aircraft, as well as naval forces, to deliver humanitarian and medical supplies.We expect Russia to honor its commitment to let in all forms of humanitarian assistance. We expect Russia to ensure that all lines of communication and transport, including seaports, airports, roads, and airspace, remain open for the delivery of humanitarian assistance and for civilian transit. We expect Russia to meet its commitment to cease all military activities in Georgia. And we expect all Russian forces that entered Georgia in recent days to withdraw from that country.As I have made clear, Russia's ongoing action raise serious questions about its intentions in Georgia and the region. In recent years, Russia has sought to integrate into the diplomatic, political, economic, and security structures of the 21st century. The ed States has supported those efforts. Now Russia is putting its aspirations at risk by taking actions in Georgia that are inconsistent with the principles of those institutions. To begin to repair the damage to its relations with the ed States, Europe, and other nations, and to begin restoring its place in the world, Russia must keep its word and act to end this crisis.Thank you. 200808/46183Richard M. NixonCambodian Incursion Address delivered 30 April 1970 from Washington, DC[AUTHENTICITY CERTIFIED: Text version below transcribed directly from audio. (2)]Good evening, my fellow Americans. Ten days ago, in my report to the nation on Vietnam, I announced the decision to withdraw an additional 150,000 Americans from Vietnam over the next year. I said then that I was making that decision despite our concern over increased enemy activity in Laos, in Cambodia, and in South Vietnam. And at that time I warned that if I concluded that increased enemy activity in any of these areas endangered the lives of Americans remaining in Vietnam, I would not hesitate to take strong and effective measures to deal with that situation. Despite that warning, North Vietnam has increased its military aggression in all these areas, and particularly in Cambodia.After full consultation with the National Security Council, Ambassador Bunker, General Abrams and my other advisors, I have concluded that the actions of the enemy in the last 10 days clearly endanger the lives of Americans who are in Vietnam now and would constitute an unacceptable risk to those who will be there after withdrawal of another 150, 000. To protect our men who are in Vietnam, and to guarantee the continued success of our withdrawal and Vietnamization program, I have concluded that the time has come for action. Tonight, I shall describe the actions of the enemy, the actions I have ordered to deal with that situation, and the reasons for my decision.Cambodia -- a small country of seven million people -- has been a neutral nation since the Geneva Agreement of 1954, an agreement, incidentally, which was signed by the government of North Vietnam. American policy since then has been to scrupulously respect the neutrality of the Cambodian people. We have maintained a skeleton diplomatic mission of fewer than 15 in Cambodia’s capital, and that only since last August. For the previous four years, from 1965 to 1969, we did not have any diplomatic mission whatever in Cambodia, and for the past five years we have provided no military assistance whatever and no economic assistance to Cambodia.North Vietnam, however, has not respected that neutrality. For the past five years, as indicated on this map, that you see here, North Vietnam has occupied military sanctuaries all along the Cambodian frontier with South Vietnam. Some of these extend up to 20 miles into Cambodia. The sanctuaries are in red, and as you note, they are on both sides of the border. They are used for hit-and-run attacks on American and South Vietnamese forces in South Vietnam. These Communist-occupied territories contain major base camps, training sites, logistics facilities, weapons and ammunition factories, airstrips, and prisoner of war compounds.And for five years neither the ed States nor South Vietnam has moved against these enemy sanctuaries because we did not wish to violate the territory of a neutral nation. Even after the Vietnamese Communists began to expand these sanctuaries four weeks ago, we counseled patience to our South Vietnamese allies and imposed restraints on our own commanders.In contrast to our policy the enemy in the past two weeks has stepped up his guerrilla actions, and he is concentrating his main forces in these sanctuaries that you see in this map, where they are building up to launch massive attacks on our forces and those of South Vietnam.North Vietnam in the last two weeks has stripped away all pretense of respecting the sovereignty or the neutrality of Cambodia. Thousands of their soldiers are invading the country from the sanctuaries. They are encircling the capital of Pnompenh. Coming from these sanctuaries, as you see here, they had moved into Cambodia and are encircling the capital.Cambodia, as a result of this, has sent out a call to the ed States, to a number of other nations, for assistance. Because if this enemy effort succeeds, Cambodia would become a vast enemy staging area and a springboard for attacks on South Vietnam along 600 miles of frontier: a refuge where enemy troops could return from combat without fear of retaliation. North Vietnamese men and supplies could then be poured into that country, jeopardizing not only the lives of our own men but the people of South Vietnam as well. Now confronted with this situation we had three options: First, we can do nothing. Well the ultimate result of that course of action is clear. Unless we indulge in wishful thinking, the lives of Americans remaining in Vietnam after our next withdrawal of 150,000 would be gravely threatened.Let us go to the map again.Here is South Vietnam. Here is North Vietnam. North Vietnam aly occupies this part of Laos. If North Vietnam also occupied this whole band in Cambodia, or the entire country, it would mean that South Vietnam was completely outflanked and the forces of Americans in this area as well as the South Vietnamese would be in an untenable military position.Our second choice is to provide massive military assistance to Cambodia itself. Now unfortunately, while we deeply sympathize with the plight of seven million Cambodians whose country has been invaded, massive amounts of military assistance could not be rapidly and effectively utilized by this small Cambodian Army against the immediate trap. With other nations we shall do our best to provide the small arms and other equipment which the Cambodian Army of 40,000 needs and can use for its defense. But the aid we will provide will be limited for the purpose of enabling Cambodia to defend its neutrality and not for the purpose of making it an active belligerent on one side or the other.Our third choice is to go to the heart of the trouble. And that means cleaning out major North Vietnamese and Vietcong occupied territories, these sanctuaries which serve as bases for attacks on both Cambodia and American and South Vietnamese forces in South Vietnam. Some of these, incidentally, are as close to Saigon as Baltimore is to Washington. This one, for example, is called the Parrot’s Beak. It’s only 33 miles from Saigon.Now faced with these three options, this is the decision I have made. In co-operation with the armed forces of South Vietnam, attacks are being launched this week to clean out major enemy sanctuaries on the Cambodian-Vietnam border. A major responsibility for the ground operations is being assumed by South Vietnamese forces.For example, the attacks in several areas, including the parrot’s beak that I referred to a moment ago, are exclusively South Vietnamese ground operations, under South Vietnamese command, with the ed States providing air and logistical support. There is one area however, immediately above the parrot’s beak where I have concluded that a combined American and South Vietnamese operation is necessary.Tonight, American and South Vietnamese units will attack the headquarters for the entire Communist military operation in South Vietnam. This key control center has been occupied by the North Vietnamese and Vietcong for five years in blatant violation of Cambodia’s neutrality.This is not an invasion of Cambodia. The areas in which these attacks will be launched are completely occupied and controlled by North Vietnamese forces. Our purpose is not to occupy the areas. Once enemy forces are driven out of these sanctuaries, and once their military supplies are destroyed, we will withdraw.These actions are in no way directed to the security interests of any nation. Any government that chooses to use these actions as a pretext for harming relations with the ed States will be doing so on its own responsibility and on its own initiative, and we will draw the appropriate conclusions. And now, let me give you the reasons for my decision. A majority of the American people, a majority of you listening to me are for the withdrawal of our forces from Vietnam. The action I have taken tonight is indispensable for the continuing success of that withdrawal program. A majority of the American people want to end this war rather than to have it drag on interminably. The action I have taken tonight will serve that purpose. A majority of the American people want to keep the casualties of our brave men in Vietnam at an absolute minimum. The action I take tonight is essential if we are to accomplish that goal. We take this action not for the purpose of expanding the war into Cambodia, but for the purpose of ending the war in Vietnam, and winning the just peace we all desire. We have made, we will continue to make every possible effort to end this war through negotiation at the conference table rather than through more fighting in the battlefield. Let’s look again at the record.We stopped the bombing of North Vietnam. We have cut air operations by over 20 per cent. We’ve announced the withdrawal of over 250, 000 of our men. We’ve offered to withdraw all of our men if they will withdraw theirs. We’ve offered to negotiate all issues with only one condition: and that is that the future of South Vietnam be determined, not by North Vietnam, and not by the ed States, but by the people of South Vietnam themselves.The answer of the enemy has been intransigence at the conference table, belligerence at Hanoi, massive military aggression in Laos and Cambodia and stepped-up attacks in South Vietnam designed to increase American casualties.This attitude has become intolerable.We will not react to this threat to American lives merely by plaintive, diplomatic protests.If we did, the credibility of the ed States would be destroyed in every area of the world where only the power of the ed States deters aggression.Tonight, I again warn the North Vietnamese that if they continue to escalate the fighting when the ed States is withdrawing its forces, I shall meet my responsibility as commander in chief of our armed forces to take the action I consider necessary to defend the security of our American men.The action I have announced tonight puts the leaders of North Vietnam on notice that we will be patient in working for peace. We will be conciliatory at the conference table.But we will not be humiliated.We will not be defeated.We will not allow American men, by the thousands, to be killed by an enemy from privileged sanctuaries.The time came long ago to end this war through peaceful negotiations. We stand y for those negotiations. We’ve made major efforts, many of which must remain secret. I say tonight all the offers and approaches made previously remain on the conference table whenever Hanoi is y to negotiate seriously. But if the enemy response to our most conciliatory offers for peaceful negotiation continues to be to increase its attacks and humiliate and defeat us, we shall react accordingly. My fellow Americans, we live in an age of anarchy, both abroad and at home. We see mindless attacks on all the great institutions which have been created by free civilizations in the last 500 years. Even here in the ed States, great universities are being systematically destroyed. Small nations all over the world find themselves under attack from within and from without. If, when the chips are down, the world’s most powerful nation -- the ed States of America -- acts like a pitiful, helpless giant, the forces of totalitarianism and anarchy will threaten free nations and free institutions throughout the world. It is not our power, but our will and character that is being tested tonight. The question all Americans must ask and answer tonight is this: Does the richest and strongest nation in the history of the world have the character to meet a direct challenge by a group which rejects every effort to win a just peace, ignores our warning, tramples on solemn agreements, violates the neutrality of an unarmed people, and uses our prisoners as hostages? If we fail to meet this challenge, all other nations will be on notice that despite its overwhelming power the ed States when a real crisis comes will be found wanting. During my campaign for the Presidency, I pledged to bring Americans home form Vietnam. They are coming home. I promised to end this war. I shall keep that promise. I promised to win a just peace. I shall keep that promise. We shall avoid a wider war, but we are also determined to put an end to this war. In this room, Woodrow Wilson made the great decisions which led to victory in World War I. Franklin Roosevelt made the decisions which led to our victory in World War II. Dwight D. Eisenhower made decisions which ended the war in Korea and avoided war in the Middle East. John F. Kennedy, in his finest hour, made the great decision which removed Soviet nuclear missiles from Cuba and the western hemisphere. I have noted that there’s been a great deal of discussion with regard to this decision that I have made. And I should point out I do not contend that it is in the same magnitude as these decisions that I have just mentioned. But between those decisions and this decision, there is a difference that is very fundamental. In those decisions the American people were not assailed by counsels of doubt and defeat from some of the most widely known opinion leaders of the nation. I have noted, for example, that a Republican Senator has said that this action I have taken means that my party has lost all chance of winning the November elections. And others are saying today that this move against enemy sanctuaries will make me a one-term President.No one is more aware than I am of the political consequences of the action I have taken. It is tempting to take the easy political path, to blame this war on previous Administrations, and to bring all of our men home immediately -- regardless of the consequences, even though that would mean defeat for the ed States; to desert 18 million South Vietnamese people who have put their trust in us; to expose them to the same slaughter and savagery which the leaders of North Vietnam inflicted on hundreds of thousands of North Vietnamese who chose freedom when the Communists took over North Vietnam in 1954.To get peace at any price now, even though I know that a peace of humiliation for the ed States would lead to a bigger war or surrender later. I have rejected all political considerations in making this decision. Whether my party gains in November is nothing compared to the lives of 400,000 brave Americans fighting for our country and for the cause of peace and freedom in Vietnam. Whether I may be a one-term President is insignificant compared to whether by our failure to act in this crisis the ed States proves itself to be unworthy to lead the forces of freedom in this critical period in world history. I would rather be a one-term president and do what I believe was right than to be a two-term President at the cost of seeing America become a second-rate power and to see this nation accept the first defeat in its proud 190-year history. I realize in this war there are honest, deep differences in this country about whether we should have become involved; that there are differences to how the war should have been conducted. But the decision I announce tonight transcends those differences, for the lives of American men are involved.The opportunity for 150,000 Americans to come home in the next 12 months is involved.The future of 18-million people in South Vietnam and 7 million people in Cambodia is involved. The possibility of winning a just peace in Vietnam and in the Pacific is at stake.It is customary to conclude a speech from the White House by asking support for the President of the ed States. Tonight, I depart from that precedent. What I ask is far more important. I ask for your support for our brave men fighting tonight halfway around the world, not for territory, not for glory, but so that their younger brothers and their sons and your sons can have a chance to grow up in a world of peace, and freedom, and justice. Thank you, and good night.200806/41541Let me begin with something General Eisenhower said in his 1952 presidential campaign. Quote, "We must achieve both security and solvency. In fact, the foundation of military strength is economic strength," end e.让我以艾森豪威尔将军在1952年总统竞选时说过的一句话开始："我们必须获得安全和财务偿还能力。事实上，军事实力的基础就是经济实力。"With that in mind, the first lead question.在脑中记住这个，让我们开始第一个引导问题。Gentlemen, at this very moment tonight, where do you stand on the financial recovery plan?先生们，在今晚这个特别的时刻，你们在金融拯救计划中站在哪里？First response to you, Senator Obama. You have two minutes.第一个回答问题的是你，议员奥巴马。你有两分钟时间。OBAMA: Well, thank you very much, Jim, and thanks to the commission and the University of Mississippi, Ole Miss, for hosting us tonight. I can't think of a more important time for us to talk about the future of the country.奥巴马：好的，非常感谢你，吉姆，也感谢（总统竞选辩论）委员会，感谢密西西比大学今晚容纳我们。我无法想象我们还有比今晚讨论这个国家的未来的更重要的时刻了。You know, we are at a defining moment in our history. Our nation is involved in two wars, and we are going through the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression.你们知道，我们现在正处于我们历史上的一个决定性时刻。我们的民族被涉入两场战争（注：伊拉克战争和阿富汗战争），而我们正在经历自经济大萧条（注：1929年）以来最糟糕的金融危机。And although we've heard a lot about Wall Street, those of you on Main Street I think have been struggling for a while, and you recognize that this could have an impact on all sectors of the economy.尽管我们听说了相当多关于华尔街的事情，但你们那些在城镇主街上的人们（注：这里指美国城镇和乡村的典型居民）已经在（艰难地）努力了一段时间。你们都知道这（金融危机）也许会影响到经济的方方面面。And you're wondering, how's it going to affect me? How's it going to affect my job? How's it going to affect my house? How's it going to affect my retirement savings or my ability to send my children to college?你们想要知道，它（金融危机）如何影响到我？如何影响到我的工作？如何影响到我的住宅？如何影响到我的退休金储蓄或者是送我孩子上大学的能力？So we have to move swiftly, and we have to move wisely. And I've put forward a series of proposals that make sure that we protect taxpayers as we engage in this important rescue effort.所以我们必须得即刻就行动了，而且我们得要明智地行动。我已经提出一系列的建议，以确保当我们从事这项重要的（金融）拯救行动时，纳税人（的权益）得到保护。Number one, we've got to make sure that we've got oversight over this whole process; 0 billion, potentially, is a lot of money.首先，我们必须确保整个过程有仔细的监督。可能（被国会通过）的7000亿美元是一笔相当大的数额。Number two, we've got to make sure that taxpayers, when they are putting their money at risk, have the possibility of getting that money back and gains, if the market -- and when the market returns.第二，我们必须确保纳税人现在冒着风险投入的钱有可能拿回来并增加，只要市场--且当市场回复（正常）时。Number three, we've got to make sure that none of that money is going to pad CEO bank accounts or to promote golden parachutes.第三，我们必须确保（这些钱）一分钱也不能变成CEO的账户或者成为黄金保护伞（注：企业的高级管理层或离任的政府官员在失去他们原来的工作后，在经济上给予其丰厚保障的安排）。And, number four, we've got to make sure that we're helping homeowners, because the root problem here has to do with the foreclosures that are taking place all across the country.第四，我们必须确保我们正在帮助住宅所有者，因为问题的根源与在这个国家到处都在发生的无力偿付房贷有关。Now, we also have to recognize that this is a final verdict on eight years of failed economic policies promoted by George Bush, supported by Senator McCain, a theory that basically says that we can shred regulations and consumer protections and give more and more to the most, and somehow prosperity will trickle down.现在，我们也必须承认这（金融危机）就是对议员麦凯恩所持的乔治.布什这八年来失败的经济政策的最终裁决。（他们的）一个理论主要宣称的是我们可以撕碎（市场）管理和消费者保护，只要给予越来越多的（自由）直到极致，然后繁荣昌盛就会从天上掉下来。It hasn't worked. And I think that the fundamentals of the economy have to be measured by whether or not the middle class is getting a fair shake. That's why I'm running for president, and that's what I hope we're going to be talking about tonight.（他们的）理论根本没有起过作用。而我认为经济的基础应该以中产阶级是否能进行公平交易作为衡量标准。这就是为什么我在竞选总统，这也是我所希望今晚我们将所讨论的。02/62305
The President speaks from the Intel campus in Oregon about educating our kids for the jobs of tomorrow so we can make sure America wins the future.
Richard M. NixonResignationAddressdelivered8 August1974AUTHENTICITY CERTIFIED:Textversion belowtranscribeddirectlyfromaudioGood evening:This is the 37th time I have spoken toyou fromthis office, where so many decisions havebeen madethat shape the history of this nation. Eachtime Ihave done soto discuss with yousome matter that I believe affected the nationalinterest. In allthe decisions Ihave madeinmy public life I have always tried to do what was best for the nation.Throughout the long and difficult period of Watergate,Ihave felt it was my duty to perseveretomake every possible effortto complete the term of office to whichyou elected me. Inthepastfew days, however, it has become evidentto me thatIno longer have a strong enoughpolitical base in the Congress to justify continuing that effort. Aslong as there was such abase, I felt strongly that it was necessary to see the constitutional process throughto itsconclusion. thatto do otherwise would be unfaithfultothe spirit of that deliberately difficultprocess, and a dangerously destabilizing precedent for the future. But withthe disappearanceof that base,Inow believe thatthe constitutional purpose has been served. And there is nolonger a need for the process to be prolonged.I would have preferred to carry throughtothe finish whatever the personal agony it wouldhave involved, and my family unanimously urged me to do so. Butthe interests of the nationmust always come before any personal considerations.Transcription byMichaelE. Eidenmuller. Propertyof AmericanRhetoric.com. . Copyright 2006. All rights reserved.Page1AmericanRhetoric.comFrom the discussions Ihave had with Congressional and other leaders I have concluded thatbecause of the Watergate matter Imightnothave the support of the Congress that I wouldconsider necessary to back the very difficult decisions and carry outthe duties of this office inthe way the interests of the nation will require.I have never been a quitter.To leave office before my term is completed is abhorrent to every instinctin my body.But asPresident, I must put the interests of America first.America needs a fulltimePresident and a fulltimeCongress, particularly at this time withproblems we face athome and abroad. Tocontinue tofightthrough the months aheadfor mypersonal vindication would almosttotally absorb the time and attention of both the Presidentand the Congress in a period when our entire focus should be onthe greatissues of peaceabroad and prosperity without inflation at home.Therefore, I shallresign the Presidency effective atnoontomorrow.Vice President Ford will be swornin as President atthathour in this office.AsI recallthe highhopes for America with which we began this second term, I feel a greatsadness thatI willnot be here inthis office working on your behalf to achieve those hopes inthe next two and a half years. But in turning over direction of the Governmentto VicePresident Ford Iknow, as Itold the nation when Inominated him for that office ten monthsago, thatthe leadership of America would be in good hands.In passing this office tothe Vice President, I also do so with the profound sense of the weightof responsibility that will fall onhis shoulders tomorrow, and therefore of the understanding,the patience, the cooperationhe willneed from allAmericans. As he assumes thatresponsibility he will deserve the help and the support of all of us. As we look tothe future,the first essential is to beginhealing the wounds of this nation. To put the bitterness anddivisions of the recent past behind us and to rediscover those sharedideals that lie attheheart of our strength and unity as a great and as a free people.Bytaking this action, Ihope that I will have hastened the start of that process of healingwhichis so desperately needed in America. Iregret deeply any injuries that may have beendone inthe course of the events that led to this decision. I would say only thatif some of myjudgments were wrong andsome were wrong theywere made in what I believed atthetime to be the best interests of the nation.To those whohave stood withme during thesepast difficult months, to my family, my friends,the many others who joined in supporting my cause because they believed it was right, I willbe eternally grateful for your support. And tothose whohave not felt able to give me yoursupport, letme say Ileave withno bitterness toward those whohave opposed me, because allof us in the final analysis have beenconcerned withthe good of the country, however ourjudgments might differ.Transcription byMichaelE. Eidenmuller. Propertyof AmericanRhetoric.com. . Copyright 2006. All rights reserved.Page2AmericanRhetoric.comSo letus allnow join together in affirming thatcommon commitment and in helping our newPresident succeed for the benefit of allAmericans. Ishall leave this office with regret atnotcompleting my term but with gratitude for the privilege of serving as your President for thepastfive and a half years. These years have been a momentous time in the history of ournation and the world. They have been a time ofachievementin which we can all be proud,achievements that represent the shared efforts of the administration, the Congress and thepeople. Butthe challenges ahead are equally great. And they, too, will require the support andthe efforts of the Congress and the people, working in cooperation withthe newAdministration.We have endedAmericas longest war. But in the work of securing a lasting peace in theworld, the goals ahead are even more farreachingand more difficult. We must complete astructure of peace,so that it will be said of this generation ourgeneration of Americans bythe people of allnations, not only that we ended one war but that we prevented futurewars.We have unlocked the doors that for a quarter of a century stood betweenthe ed Statesand the Peoples Republic of China.We must now insure thatthe onequarterof the worldspeople who live in the Peoples Republic of China will be and remain, not our enemies, but ourfriends.Inthe Middle East, 100million people in the Arab countries, many of whom have consideredus their enemy for nearly 20 years, nowlook on us as their friends.We must continue to buildon that friendship sothat peace can settle atlast over the Middle East and sothat the cradleof civilization willnot become its grave. Together with the Soviet Union we have made thecrucial breakthroughs thathave begunthe process of limiting nuclear arms. But, we must setas our goal, not just limiting, but reducing and finally destroying these terrible weapons, sothatthey cannot destroy civilization. And so that the threat of nuclear war willnolonger hangover the world and the people.We have opened a new relation with the Soviet Union. Wemustcontinue to develop and expand that new relationship, sothat the two strongest nationsof the world willlive together in cooperation rather than confrontation.Around the world inAsia,in Africa,in Latin America, in the Middle Eastthereare millionsof people who live in terrible poverty, even starvation. We mustkeep as our goal turning awayfrom production for war and expanding production for peace so that people everywhere onthis earthcan at lastlook forward, in their childrens time, if not in our owntime, to havingthe necessities for a decentlife. Here, in America, we are fortunate that most of our peoplehave not only the blessings of liberty but alsothe means tolive full and good, and by theworlds standards even abundantlives.We must press on, however, toward a goal notonly of more and better jobs but of fullopportunity for every American, and of what we are striving so hard rightnowto achieve prosperitywithout inflation.Transcription byMichaelE. Eidenmuller. Propertyof AmericanRhetoric.com. . Copyright 2006. All rights reserved.Page3AmericanRhetoric.comFor more than a quarter of a century in public life, Ihave sharedinthe turbulenthistory ofthis evening.Ihave fought for what I believe in. Ihave tried,tothe best of my ability, todischarge those duties and meet those responsibilities that were entrusted tome. SometimesI have succeeded. And sometimes Ihave failed.But always Ihave taken heart from whatTheodore Roosevelt once said aboutthe maninthe arena, whose face is marred by dust andsweat and blood, who strives valiantly, whoerrs and comes short again and again becausethere is not effort withouterror and shortcoming, but who does actually strive to do the deed,who knows the great enthusiasms, the great devotions, who spends himself in a worthycause, who atthe bestknows in the end the triumphs of high achievements and withtheworstif he fails, atleastfails while daring greatly.I pledge to youtonightthat as long as I have a breath of life in my body, Ishall continue inthat spirit. Ishall continue to work for the greatcauses to whichIhave been dedicatedthroughout my years as a Congressman, aSenator, Vice President and President, the cause ofpeace notjustfor America but among allnations prosperity,justice and opportunity forall of our people.There is one cause above all to which I have been devoted and to which I shall always bedevoted for as long as Ilive.When Ifirst took the oath of office as Presidentfive and a half years ago, Imadethis sacredcommitment: to consecrate my office, my energies, and all the wisdom I can summon tothecause of peace among nations. Ive done my very bestin allthe days since to be true tothatpledge.As a result of these efforts, I am confident that the world is a safer place today, notonly for the people of America but for the people of allnations, and that all of our childrenhave a better chance than before of living in peace rather than dying in war.This, more than anything, is what Ihopedto achieve when I soughtthe Presidency.This, more than anything, is what Ihope will bemy legacy to you, to our country, as Ileavethe Presidency.To have served in this office is tohave felt a very personal sense of kinship with each andevery American.Inleaving it, I doso with this prayer: May Gods grace be with youin allthe days ahead. /201205/182143