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2019年10月22日 19:52:02 | 作者:爱问热点 | 来源:新华社
REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENTIN NOMINATING JUDGE SONIA SOTOMAYOR TO THE UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT10:13 A.M. EDTTHE PRESIDENT: Thank you. Well, I'm excited, too. (Laughter.) Of the many responsibilities granted to a President by our Constitution, few are more serious or more consequential than selecting a Supreme Court justice. The members of our highest court are granted life tenure, often serving long after the Presidents who appointed them. And they are charged with the vital task of applying principles put to paper more than 20 [sic] centuries ago to some of the most difficult questions of our time.So I don't take this decision lightly. I've made it only after deep reflection and careful deliberation. While there are many qualities that I admire in judges across the spectrum of judicial philosophy, and that I seek in my own nominee, there are few that stand out that I just want to mention.First and foremost is a rigorous intellect -- a mastery of the law, an ability to hone in on the key issues and provide clear answers to complex legal questions. Second is a recognition of the limits of the judicial role, an understanding that a judge's job is to interpret, not make, law; to approach decisions without any particular ideology or agenda, but rather a commitment to impartial justice; a respect for precedent and a determination to faithfully apply the law to the facts at hand.These two qualities are essential, I believe, for anyone who would sit on our nation's highest court. And yet, these qualities alone are insufficient. We need something more. For as Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes once said, "The life of the law has not been logic; it has been experience." Experience being tested by obstacles and barriers, by hardship and misfortune; experience insisting, persisting, and ultimately overcoming those barriers. It is experience that can give a person a common touch and a sense of compassion; an understanding of how the world works and how ordinary people live. And that is why it is a necessary ingredient in the kind of justice we need on the Supreme Court.The process of reviewing and selecting a successor to Justice Souter has been rigorous and comprehensive, not least because of the standard that Justice Souter himself has set with his formidable intellect and fair-mindedness and decency. I've sought the advice of members of Congress on both sides of the aisle, including every member of the Senate Judiciary Committee. My team has reached out to constitutional scholars, advocacy organizations, and bar associations representing an array of interests and opinions. And I want to thank members of my staff and administration who've worked so hard and given so much of their time as part of this effort. After completing this exhaustive process, I have decided to nominate an inspiring woman who I believe will make a great justice: Judge Sonia Sotomayor of the great state of New York. (Applause.)Over a distinguished career that spans three decades, Judge Sotomayor has worked at almost every level of our judicial system, providing her with a depth of experience and a bth of perspective that will be invaluable as a Supreme Court justice. It's a measure of her qualities and her qualifications that Judge Sotomayor was nominated to the U.S. District Court by a Republican President, George H.W. Bush, and promoted to the Federal Court of Appeals by a Democrat, Bill Clinton. Walking in the door she would bring more experience on the bench, and more varied experience on the bench, than anyone currently serving on the ed States Supreme Court had when they were appointed. Judge Sotomayor is a distinguished graduate of two of America's leading universities. She's been a big-city prosecutor and a corporate litigator. She spent six years as a trial judge on the U.S. District Court, and would replace Justice Souter as the only justice with experience as a trial judge, a perspective that would enrich the judgments of the Court.For the past 11 years she has been a judge on the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit of New York, one of the most demanding circuits in the country. There she has handed down decisions on a range of constitutional and legal questions that are notable for their careful reasoning, earning the respect of colleagues on the bench, the admiration of many lawyers who argue cases in her court, and the adoration of her clerks who look to her as a mentor.During her tenure on the District Court, she presided over roughly 450 cases. One case in particular involved a matter of enormous concern to many Americans, including me: the baseball strike of 1994-1995. (Laughter.) In a decision that reportedly took her just 15 minutes to announce, a swiftness much appreciated by baseball fans everywhere -- (laughter) -- she issued an injunction that helped end the strike. Some say that Judge Sotomayor saved baseball. (Applause.)Judge Sotomayor came to the District Court from a law firm where she was a partner focused on complex commercial litigation, gaining insight into the workings of a global economy. Before that she was a prosecutor in the Manhattan DA's office, serving under the legendary Robert Morgenthau, an early mentor of Sonia's who still sings her praises today. There, Sonia learned what crime can do to a family and a community, and what it takes to fight it. It's a career that has given her not only a sweeping overview of the American judicial system, but a practical understanding of how the law works in the everyday lives of the American people.But as impressive and meaningful as Judge Sotomayor's sterling credentials in the law is her own extraordinary journey. Born in the South Bronx, she was raised in a housing project not far from Yankee Stadium, making her a lifelong Yankee's fan. I hope this will not disqualify her -- (laughter) -- in the eyes of the New Englanders in the Senate. (Laughter.) Sonia's parents came to New York from Puerto Rico during the second world war, her mother as part of the Women's Army Corps. And, in fact, her mother is here today and I'd like us all to acknowledge Sonia's mom. (Applause.) Sonia's mom has been a little choked up. (Laughter.) But she, Sonia's mother, began a family tradition of giving back to this country. Sonia's father was a factory worker with a 3rd-grade education who didn't speak English. But like Sonia's mother, he had a willingness to work hard, a strong sense of family, and a belief in the American Dream.When Sonia was nine, her father passed away. And her mother worked six days a week as a nurse to provide for Sonia and her brother -- who is also here today, is a doctor and a terrific success in his own right. But Sonia's mom bought the only set of encyclopedias in the neighborhood, sent her children to a Catholic school called Cardinal Spellman out of the belief that with a good education here in America all things are possible. With the support of family, friends, and teachers, Sonia earned scholarships to Princeton, where she graduated at the top of her class, and Yale Law School, where she was an editor of the Yale Law Journal, stepping onto the path that led her here today. 05/71618Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation[AUTHENTICITY CERTIFIED: Text version below transcribed directly from audio. (2)]Mr. Vice President, Mr. Speaker, Members of the Senate, and of the House of Representatives:Yesterday, December 7th, 1941 -- a date which will live in infamy -- the ed States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.The ed States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its government and its emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific.Indeed, one hour after Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in the American island of Oahu, the Japanese ambassador to the ed States and his colleague delivered to our Secretary of State a formal reply to a recent American message. And while this reply stated that it seemed useless to continue the existing diplomatic negotiations, it contained no threat or hint of war or of armed attack.It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago. During the intervening time, the Japanese government has deliberately sought to deceive the ed States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian islands has caused severe damage to American naval and military forces. I regret to tell you that very many American lives have been lost. In addition, American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between San Francisco and Honolulu.Yesterday, the Japanese government also launched an attack against Malaya.Last night, Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong.Last night, Japanese forces attacked Guam.Last night, Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.Last night, the Japanese attacked Wake Island.And this morning, the Japanese attacked Midway Island.Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area. The facts of yesterday and today speak for themselves. The people of the ed States have aly formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation. As commander in chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense. But always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught against us.No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory.I believe that I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost, but will make it very certain that this form of treachery shall never again endanger us.Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger.With confidence in our armed forces, with the unbounding determination of our people, we will gain the inevitable triumph -- so help us God.I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7th, 1941, a state of war has existed between the ed States and the Japanese empire.200606/7516Today, President Obama announced the nomination of John Bryson as the next Commerce Secretary. Bryson brings a wealth of experience to this role and understands what it takes for America to succeed in a 21st century global economy.Download Video: mp4 (44MB) | mp3 (4MB) 201106/139086Middle school and high school students from across the country descended on the State Dining Room at the White House today with their award-winning science fair projects in tow. From a robot that plays soccer to a smart toilet that conserves water and an innovative approach to treating cancer, these student projects represent most cutting edge science, technology and engineering. The White House Science Fair is part of President Obama’s Educate to Innovate program move American students from the middle to the top of the pack in science and math achievement over the next decade. The President has made STEM education a priority for his Administration – recognizing that that a strong foundation in science, technology, engineering and math is key for laying the foundation for our future prosperity.Before making remarks in the East Room, President Obama took a minute to check out the projects at the Science Fair and congratulate the students on their impressive achievements. The President also stressed the importance of inspiring students to excel in STEM subjects:Read the Transcript | Download Video: mp4 (155MB) | mp3 (15MB) 201010/116222

President Bush Visits ColorCraft of Virginia, Inc., Discusses Stimulus Package, Economy   THE PRESIDENT: Jim, thank you very much for your hospitality. Thank you all very much for greeting me here.   ColorCraft is a small, thriving business that will benefit from the stimulus package that the Congress passed earlier this year. It will benefit from it because if they make -- if Jim decides to purchase software or machinery, there is a tax incentive to encourage him to do so. He's made the decision to do so, and his company will be encouraged to do so through the tax code.   And that's important because when he buys the machine, or when he buys software, somebody has to manufacture that. Therefore, there is a direct link between the stimulus package and jobs. As well -- we talked about this earlier -- a lot of the folks who work here at ColorCraft are going to get a check in the second week of May, as part of the economic, pro-growth stimulus package. And recently there's been a mailer out to our citizens from the IRS. And this mailer basically describes the benefits from the stimulus package that people will receive.   One of the things that's very important for our citizenry to understand, that is if you do not file an income tax return, you need to go to your local IRS office and get a form that will show the government where you live and who you are so you can get your check. If you file an income tax form all you got to do is your '07 income tax and mail it in.   But there's a lot of people eligible for this stimulus package, the money coming out of the government to our individual citizens, who don't file income tax forms, and yet they're eligible. And so recently the IRS has been indicating that this weekend, this Saturday, there's going to be a -- there's an opportunity for citizens to go and make it clear who you are, where you live, so you can get your check, as well.   The purpose of this is to respond decisively to the economic downturn that we're going through. The Congress, along with the White House, worked very closely to pass a very substantial pro-growth package. And I fully recognize that people are concerned about our economy, but they must understand that this package has yet to fully kick in yet. We've taken action, but it's going to take a while for the economy to feel the effects of this good law that I signed. It's going to take a while for these folks standing behind me to get their money.   Now, Jim has aly made a decision because the aspects of the stimulus package for small businesses are clear. It is the law. And therefore, when he buys the equipment and software that he's planning on buying, he can rest assured that the tax incentive will be available for him in this year.   Now, small businesses are the backbone of the U.S. economy. Small business owners and -- are dreamers and doers. We want to watch them and help them expand, because as they expand, more and more people find work. There's a rough patch right now in our economy, but I'm confident in the long term we'll come out stronger than ever before. One of the most decisive actions a government can take is to give people their money back so they can spend it, and that's exactly what we've done. In the second week of May, a lot of folks are going to be getting a sizable check. And I'm looking forward to that day, and I know they are as well.   Thank you for coming. Thank you all. 200806/41345

Download Video: mp4 (314MB) | mp3 (30MB) THE PRESIDENT: Mr. Speaker, Mr. Vice President, members of Congress, and fellow Americans:Tonight we meet at an urgent time for our country. We continue to face an economic crisis that has left millions of our neighbors jobless, and a political crisis that’s made things worse. This past week, reporters have been asking, “What will this speech mean for the President? What will it mean for Congress? How will it affect their polls, and the next election?”But the millions of Americans who are watching right now, they don’t care about politics. They have real-life concerns. Many have spent months looking for work. Others are doing their best just to scrape by -- giving up nights out with the family to save on gas or make the mortgage; postponing retirement to send a kid to college. These men and women grew up with faith in an America where hard work and responsibility paid off. They believed in a country where everyone gets a fair shake and does their fair share -- where if you stepped up, did your job, and were loyal to your company, that loyalty would be rewarded with a decent salary and good benefits; maybe a raise once in a while. If you did the right thing, you could make it. Anybody could make it in America. For decades now, Americans have watched that compact erode. They have seen the decks too often stacked against them. And they know that Washington has not always put their interests first. The people of this country work hard to meet their responsibilities. The question tonight is whether we’ll meet ours. The question is whether, in the face of an ongoing national crisis, we can stop the political circus and actually do something to help the economy. (Applause.) The question is -- the question is whether we can restore some of the fairness and security that has defined this nation since our beginning. Those of us here tonight can’t solve all our nation’s woes. Ultimately, our recovery will be driven not by Washington, but by our businesses and our workers. But we can help. We can make a difference. There are steps we can take right now to improve people’s lives. I am sending this Congress a plan that you should pass right away. It’s called the American Jobs Act. There should be nothing controversial about this piece of legislation. Everything in here is the kind of proposal that’s been supported by both Democrats and Republicans -- including many who sit here tonight. And everything in this bill will be paid for. Everything. (Applause.)The purpose of the American Jobs Act is simple: to put more people back to work and more money in the pockets of those who are working. It will create more jobs for construction workers, more jobs for teachers, more jobs for veterans, and more jobs for long-term unemployed. (Applause.) It will provide -- it will provide a tax break for companies who hire new workers, and it will cut payroll taxes in half for every working American and every small business. (Applause.) It will provide a jolt to an economy that has stalled, and give companies confidence that if they invest and if they hire, there will be customers for their products and services. You should pass this jobs plan right away. (Applause.) Everyone here knows that small businesses are where most new jobs begin. And you know that while corporate profits have come roaring back, smaller companies haven’t. So for everyone who speaks so passionately about making life easier for “job creators,” this plan is for you. (Applause.)Pass this jobs bill -- pass this jobs bill, and starting tomorrow, small businesses will get a tax cut if they hire new workers or if they raise workers’ wages. Pass this jobs bill, and all small business owners will also see their payroll taxes cut in half next year. (Applause.) If you have 50 employees -- if you have 50 employees making an average salary, that’s an ,000 tax cut. And all businesses will be able to continue writing off the investments they make in 2012. It’s not just Democrats who have supported this kind of proposal. Fifty House Republicans have proposed the same payroll tax cut that’s in this plan. You should pass it right away. (Applause.) Pass this jobs bill, and we can put people to work rebuilding America. Everyone here knows we have badly decaying roads and bridges all over the country. Our highways are clogged with traffic. Our skies are the most congested in the world. It’s an outrage. Building a world-class transportation system is part of what made us a economic superpower. And now we’re going to sit back and watch China build newer airports and faster railroads? At a time when millions of unemployed construction workers could build them right here in America? (Applause.) There are private construction companies all across America just waiting to get to work. There’s a bridge that needs repair between Ohio and Kentucky that’s on one of the busiest trucking routes in North America. A public transit project in Houston that will help clear up one of the worst areas of traffic in the country. And there are schools throughout this country that desperately need renovating. How can we expect our kids to do their best in places that are literally falling apart? This is America. Every child deserves a great school -- and we can give it to them, if we act now. (Applause.) The American Jobs Act will repair and modernize at least 35,000 schools. It will put people to work right now fixing roofs and windows, installing science labs and high-speed Internet in classrooms all across this country. It will rehabilitate homes and businesses in communities hit hardest by foreclosures. It will jumpstart thousands of transportation projects all across the country. And to make sure the money is properly spent, we’re building on reforms we’ve aly put in place. No more earmarks. No more boondoggles. No more bridges to nowhere. We’re cutting the red tape that prevents some of these projects from getting started as quickly as possible. And we’ll set up an independent fund to attract private dollars and issue loans based on two criteria: how badly a construction project is needed and how much good it will do for the economy. (Applause.)This idea came from a bill written by a Texas Republican and a Massachusetts Democrat. The idea for a big boost in construction is supported by America’s largest business organization and America’s largest labor organization. It’s the kind of proposal that’s been supported in the past by Democrats and Republicans alike. You should pass it right away. (Applause.)Pass this jobs bill, and thousands of teachers in every state will go back to work. These are the men and women charged with preparing our children for a world where the competition has never been tougher. But while they’re adding teachers in places like South Korea, we’re laying them off in droves. It’s unfair to our kids. It undermines their future and ours. And it has to stop. Pass this bill, and put our teachers back in the classroom where they belong. (Applause.)Pass this jobs bill, and companies will get extra tax credits if they hire America’s veterans. We ask these men and women to leave their careers, leave their families, risk their lives to fight for our country. The last thing they should have to do is fight for a job when they come home. (Applause.)Pass this bill, and hundreds of thousands of disadvantaged young people will have the hope and the dignity of a summer job next year. And their parents -- (applause) -- their parents, low-income Americans who desperately want to work, will have more ladders out of poverty.Pass this jobs bill, and companies will get a ,000 tax credit if they hire anyone who has spent more than six months looking for a job. (Applause.) We have to do more to help the long-term unemployed in their search for work. This jobs plan builds on a program in Georgia that several Republican leaders have highlighted, where people who collect unemployment insurance participate in temporary work as a way to build their skills while they look for a permanent job. The plan also extends unemployment insurance for another year. (Applause.) If the millions of unemployed Americans stopped getting this insurance, and stopped using that money for basic necessities, it would be a devastating blow to this economy. Democrats and Republicans in this chamber have supported unemployment insurance plenty of times in the past. And in this time of prolonged hardship, you should pass it again -- right away. (Applause.)Pass this jobs bill, and the typical working family will get a ,500 tax cut next year. Fifteen hundred dollars that would have been taken out of your pocket will go into your pocket. This expands on the tax cut that Democrats and Republicans aly passed for this year. If we allow that tax cut to expire -- if we refuse to act -- middle-class families will get hit with a tax increase at the worst possible time. We can’t let that happen. I know that some of you have sworn oaths to never raise any taxes on anyone for as long as you live. Now is not the time to carve out an exception and raise middle-class taxes, which is why you should pass this bill right away. (Applause.) This is the American Jobs Act. It will lead to new jobs for construction workers, for teachers, for veterans, for first responders, young people and the long-term unemployed. It will provide tax credits to companies that hire new workers, tax relief to small business owners, and tax cuts for the middle class. And here’s the other thing I want the American people to know: The American Jobs Act will not add to the deficit. It will be paid for. And here’s how. (Applause.) The agreement we passed in July will cut government spending by about trillion over the next 10 years. It also charges this Congress to come up with an additional .5 trillion in savings by Christmas. Tonight, I am asking you to increase that amount so that it covers the full cost of the American Jobs Act. And a week from Monday, I’ll be releasing a more ambitious deficit plan -- a plan that will not only cover the cost of this jobs bill, but stabilize our debt in the long run. (Applause.) This approach is basically the one I’ve been advocating for months. In addition to the trillion dollars of spending cuts I’ve aly signed into law, it’s a balanced plan that would reduce the deficit by making additional spending cuts, by making modest adjustments to health care programs like Medicare and Medicaid, and by reforming our tax code in a way that asks the wealthiest Americans and biggest corporations to pay their fair share. (Applause.) What’s more, the spending cuts wouldn’t happen so abruptly that they’d be a drag on our economy, or prevent us from helping small businesses and middle-class families get back on their feet right away. Now, I realize there are some in my party who don’t think we should make any changes at all to Medicare and Medicaid, and I understand their concerns. But here’s the truth: Millions of Americans rely on Medicare in their retirement. And millions more will do so in the future. They pay for this benefit during their working years. They earn it. But with an aging population and rising health care costs, we are spending too fast to sustain the program. And if we don’t gradually reform the system while protecting current beneficiaries, it won’t be there when future retirees need it. We have to reform Medicare to strengthen it. (Applause.) I am also -- I’m also well aware that there are many Republicans who don’t believe we should raise taxes on those who are most fortunate and can best afford it. But here is what every American knows: While most people in this country struggle to make ends meet, a few of the most affluent citizens and most profitable corporations enjoy tax breaks and loopholes that nobody else gets. Right now, Warren Buffett pays a lower tax rate than his secretary -- an outrage he has asked us to fix. (Laughter.) We need a tax code where everyone gets a fair shake and where everybody pays their fair share. (Applause.) And by the way, I believe the vast majority of wealthy Americans and CEOs are willing to do just that if it helps the economy grow and gets our fiscal house in order. I’ll also offer ideas to reform a corporate tax code that stands as a monument to special interest influence in Washington. By eliminating pages of loopholes and deductions, we can lower one of the highest corporate tax rates in the world. (Applause.) Our tax code should not give an advantage to companies that can afford the best-connected lobbyists. It should give an advantage to companies that invest and create jobs right here in the ed States of America. (Applause.) So we can reduce this deficit, pay down our debt, and pay for this jobs plan in the process. But in order to do this, we have to decide what our priorities are. We have to ask ourselves, “What’s the best way to grow the economy and create jobs?”Should we keep tax loopholes for oil companies? Or should we use that money to give small business owners a tax credit when they hire new workers? Because we can’t afford to do both. Should we keep tax breaks for millionaires and billionaires? Or should we put teachers back to work so our kids can graduate y for college and good jobs? (Applause.) Right now, we can’t afford to do both. This isn’t political grandstanding. This isn’t class warfare. This is simple math. (Laughter.) This is simple math. These are real choices. These are real choices that we’ve got to make. And I’m pretty sure I know what most Americans would choose. It’s not even close. And it’s time for us to do what’s right for our future. (Applause.) Now, the American Jobs Act answers the urgent need to create jobs right away. But we can’t stop there. As I’ve argued since I ran for this office, we have to look beyond the immediate crisis and start building an economy that lasts into the future -- an economy that creates good, middle-class jobs that pay well and offer security. We now live in a world where technology has made it possible for companies to take their business anywhere. If we want them to start here and stay here and hire here, we have to be able to out-build and out-educate and out-innovate every other country on Earth. (Applause.)And this task of making America more competitive for the long haul, that’s a job for all of us. For government and for private companies. For states and for local communities -- and for every American citizen. All of us will have to up our game. All of us will have to change the way we do business. My administration can and will take some steps to improve our competitiveness on our own. For example, if you’re a small business owner who has a contract with the federal government, we’re going to make sure you get paid a lot faster than you do right now. (Applause.) We’re also planning to cut away the red tape that prevents too many rapidly growing startup companies from raising capital and going public. And to help responsible homeowners, we’re going to work with federal housing agencies to help more people refinance their mortgages at interest rates that are now near 4 percent. That’s a step -- (applause) -- I know you guys must be for this, because that’s a step that can put more than ,000 a year in a family’s pocket, and give a lift to an economy still burdened by the drop in housing prices. So, some things we can do on our own. Other steps will require congressional action. Today you passed reform that will speed up the outdated patent process, so that entrepreneurs can turn a new idea into a new business as quickly as possible. That’s the kind of action we need. Now it’s time to clear the way for a series of trade agreements that would make it easier for American companies to sell their products in Panama and Colombia and South Korea -– while also helping the workers whose jobs have been affected by global competition. (Applause.) If Americans can buy Kias and Hyundais, I want to see folks in South Korea driving Fords and Chevys and Chryslers. (Applause.) I want to see more products sold around the world stamped with the three proud words: “Made in America.” That’s what we need to get done. (Applause.)And on all of our efforts to strengthen competitiveness, we need to look for ways to work side by side with America’s businesses. That’s why I’ve brought together a Jobs Council of leaders from different industries who are developing a wide range of new ideas to help companies grow and create jobs. Aly, we’ve mobilized business leaders to train 10,000 American engineers a year, by providing company internships and training. Other businesses are covering tuition for workers who learn new skills at community colleges. And we’re going to make sure the next generation of manufacturing takes root not in China or Europe, but right here, in the ed States of America. (Applause) If we provide the right incentives, the right support -- and if we make sure our trading partners play by the rules -- we can be the ones to build everything from fuel-efficient cars to advanced biofuels to semiconductors that we sell all around the world. That’s how America can be number one again. And that’s how America will be number one again. (Applause.) Now, I realize that some of you have a different theory on how to grow the economy. Some of you sincerely believe that the only solution to our economic challenges is to simply cut most government spending and eliminate most government regulations. (Applause.) Well, I agree that we can’t afford wasteful spending, and I’ll work with you, with Congress, to root it out. And I agree that there are some rules and regulations that do put an unnecessary burden on businesses at a time when they can least afford it. (Applause.) That’s why I ordered a review of all government regulations. So far, we’ve identified over 500 reforms, which will save billions of dollars over the next few years. (Applause.) We should have no more regulation than the health, safety and security of the American people require. Every rule should meet that common-sense test. (Applause.) But what we can’t do -- what I will not do -- is let this economic crisis be used as an excuse to wipe out the basic protections that Americans have counted on for decades. (Applause.) I reject the idea that we need to ask people to choose between their jobs and their safety. I reject the argument that says for the economy to grow, we have to roll back protections that ban hidden fees by credit card companies, or rules that keep our kids from being exposed to mercury, or laws that prevent the health insurance industry from shortchanging patients. I reject the idea that we have to strip away collective bargaining rights to compete in a global economy. (Applause.) We shouldn’t be in a race to the bottom, where we try to offer the cheapest labor and the worst pollution standards. America should be in a race to the top. And I believe we can win that race. (Applause.)In fact, this larger notion that the only thing we can do to restore prosperity is just dismantle government, refund everybody’s money, and let everyone write their own rules, and tell everyone they’re on their own -- that’s not who we are. That’s not the story of America. Yes, we are rugged individualists. Yes, we are strong and self-reliant. And it has been the drive and initiative of our workers and entrepreneurs that has made this economy the engine and the envy of the world.But there’s always been another th running throughout our history -- a belief that we’re all connected, and that there are some things we can only do together, as a nation.We all remember Abraham Lincoln as the leader who saved our Union. Founder of the Republican Party. But in the middle of a civil war, he was also a leader who looked to the future -- a Republican President who mobilized government to build the Transcontinental Railroad -- (applause) -- launch the National Academy of Sciences, set up the first land grant colleges. (Applause.) And leaders of both parties have followed the example he set. Ask yourselves -- where would we be right now if the people who sat here before us decided not to build our highways, not to build our bridges, our dams, our airports? What would this country be like if we had chosen not to spend money on public high schools, or research universities, or community colleges? Millions of returning heroes, including my grandfather, had the opportunity to go to school because of the G.I. Bill. Where would we be if they hadn’t had that chance? (Applause.) How many jobs would it have cost us if past Congresses decided not to support the basic research that led to the Internet and the computer chip? What kind of country would this be if this chamber had voted down Social Security or Medicare just because it violated some rigid idea about what government could or could not do? (Applause.) How many Americans would have suffered as a result? No single individual built America on their own. We built it together. We have been, and always will be, one nation, under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all; a nation with responsibilities to ourselves and with responsibilities to one another. And members of Congress, it is time for us to meet our responsibilities. (Applause.) Every proposal I’ve laid out tonight is the kind that’s been supported by Democrats and Republicans in the past. Every proposal I’ve laid out tonight will be paid for. And every proposal is designed to meet the urgent needs of our people and our communities. Now, I know there’s been a lot of skepticism about whether the politics of the moment will allow us to pass this jobs plan -- or any jobs plan. Aly, we’re seeing the same old press releases and tweets flying back and forth. Aly, the media has proclaimed that it’s impossible to bridge our differences. And maybe some of you have decided that those differences are so great that we can only resolve them at the ballot box. But know this: The next election is 14 months away. And the people who sent us here -- the people who hired us to work for them -- they don’t have the luxury of waiting 14 months. (Applause.) Some of them are living week to week, paycheck to paycheck, even day to day. They need help, and they need it now. I don’t pretend that this plan will solve all our problems. It should not be, nor will it be, the last plan of action we propose. What’s guided us from the start of this crisis hasn’t been the search for a silver bullet. It’s been a commitment to stay at it -- to be persistent -- to keep trying every new idea that works, and listen to every good proposal, no matter which party comes up with it. Regardless of the arguments we’ve had in the past, regardless of the arguments we will have in the future, this plan is the right thing to do right now. You should pass it. (Applause.) And I intend to take that message to every corner of this country. (Applause.) And I ask -- I ask every American who agrees to lift your voice: Tell the people who are gathered here tonight that you want action now. Tell Washington that doing nothing is not an option. Remind us that if we act as one nation and one people, we have it within our power to meet this challenge.President Kennedy once said, “Our problems are man-made –- therefore they can be solved by man. And man can be as big as he wants.”These are difficult years for our country. But we are Americans. We are tougher than the times we live in, and we are bigger than our politics have been. So let’s meet the moment. Let’s get to work, and let’s show the world once again why the ed States of America remains the greatest nation on Earth. (Applause.)Thank you very much. God bless you, and God bless the ed States of America. (Applause.)201109/153199

Good afternoon ,ladies and gentlemen :下午好,女士们,先生们.Its my honor to present my speech here today.The title of my speech is ,;The Essence of Life.;今天能在这里发表我的演说是我的荣幸.我演讲的题目是生命的真谛.Last summer I began to learn play tennis.Though it took me a lot of time to practice,the tremendous pleasure I got from on the tennis court made me feel well rewarded .去年夏天,我开始学打网球.练习花了我大量的时间,但是我发现在网球场上的无尽欢愉让我感觉收获非浅.Eevery time when I brandished the racket to hit the ball and watch it flying over the net ,每次挥舞球拍击球时,看着它飞越球网,I always think of the words inscribed on the rock of Mount Olympia:;If you want to lead a happy and upward life ,just run.;我总会想到刻在奥林匹克山石上的话;;如果你想过一种幸福向上的生活,跑吧.;Ture,sports can lift our begins by giving us a healthy body ,without which it is impossible for us to enjoy our life.诚然,体育运动给我们一个健康的身体,提高我们的素质,没有它我们不可能享受生活.Sports can also ennoble our minds by bringing us close to nature and close to the essence of life.体育运动让我们具有崇高的理想,让我们接近自然,接近生命的真谛.My gandmother is almost 80 years old now, but she still keeps playing Taijiquan every morning.我奶奶现在已经快八十岁了,但她仍然坚持每天早上练太极拳.她总是告诉我:;Its happy beginning of a brand new day!;she alwasys told me .My friend and I take part in sports like tennis,badminton and swimming.;这是新的一天快乐的开始!;我和我的朋友参加体育运动如打网球,羽毛球和游泳.My boy classmates ,by contrast,enjoy ball games .Hundreds of boys playing basketball on the playground every afternoon always makes the best campus picture that draws thousands of girls eyes.而我的男同学就喜欢球类运动,每天下午上千个男孩子在操场上打篮球成了校园里一道最美的风景,吸引了上万双女孩子的眼睛.Sport can not only improve our physique and relax our mind ,but can also bring us close to nature, and enable us to enjoy our lives fully.体育运动不仅提高我们的体质,轻松大脑,而且可以让我们更接近生命的真谛,让我们能够充分享受生活.Indeed ,the essence of sports lies not so much in the fun that they can give us ,but in their capactities to work miracles for our body and soul.确实,体育运动的精髓不只是在于乐趣,而是它在我们的身体和灵魂里产生的奇迹.Or,as the goal of the Olympic Games indicates ,it can make us run faster ,jump higher ,and physically stronger .正如奥运会的目标所指,它能够让我们跑得更快,跳得更高,身体更强壮.A nation of weakings can never be expected to go anywhere culturally and economically .一个体质孱弱的民族无论到哪里,文化和经济都不能立足.Perhaps it is in recognition of this China is bidding for hosting the Olympic Games in 2008.可能认识到这些,所以中国申办二零零八年奥运会.As a country of a written history of over 5,000 years, China hopes to run faster in the global race of economic advancement,to stand taller in the international political arena ,and to bring new vitalities to our ancient civilization .作为一个具有五千年悠久历史的国家,中国希望在全球经济发展的步伐中跑得更快,在国际政治舞台上站得更高,为我们的古代文明注入新的活力.Also it hopes to show the upward outlook and physical fitness of its people.而且她希望向世界展示自己民族积极向上的精神面貌和强壮的体魄.I still remember one MTV I saw about the World Cup in 1998.In this MTV,kids with different natinalities are running through different places like seashore,我仍然记得一九九八年有关世界杯的一个MTV,在这个MTV里,具有不同国籍的小孩子在不同的地方如海滩,desert ,downtown ,and crowded slum areas.They share one thing in common :沙漠,市区,拥挤的贫民区奔跑.他们在分享同一件事情:They are all playing football .I was greatly touched .What is the most amazing feature of sports?他们都在踢足球.我被深深打动了,体育运动最令人惊异的特征是什么?It is a common language spoken by all nations under heaven.It is an art without cultural boundary that can be appreciated by everyone on earth.它是天底下所有民族的共同语言,它是毫无文化界限的艺术,是能为世上每一个人所欣赏的.In sports ,it no longer matters what your skin color is like,which language you speak ,or where you come from .在体育运动中,不再计较你是什么肤色,说哪种语言,或者是来自何方.It is the joy that we share from sports that counts.I am confidentthat ,as the captial of over ten dynasties.重要的是在运动中分享的喜悦.我相信作为十个朝代的都城,if Beijing succeeds in this bid ,it can make the Olympic Game one of the happiest festivals of the world ,北京如果申办成功,那将使奥运会成为世界最快乐的节目之一,a festival where we can best realize our dream of ;faster,higher and stronger ,;and a festival where the essence of life and the essence of sports can be best embodied .一个最能实现我们;更快,更高和更强;的梦想的节日,一个最能体现生命的真谛和运动的真谛的节日.So my friends,lets all pray and hope that Beijing will eventually become the host of Olympic Games in 2008 .所以朋友们,让我们祈祷和希望北京能最终取得二零零八年奥运会的主办权.Lets all looking forward to the day when we can get here together again to celebrate the grandest festival of joy that humanity has ever witnessed!让我们期待那天在这里再相聚,庆祝人类见的最盛大的欢乐节日.Thanks for listening.谢谢收听.Judge:Thank you very much indeed contestant number twenty-five and well done on your composure at the end of what must have been quite a nerve wracking day I should think waiting for your turn.评委:真的非常感谢二十五号选手.好样的,在那样激动人心的一天,我想你等了这么久才轮到你,最后你还如此沉着,You,you talked ,uh ,very helpfully about the pleasure and benefit of sport for the health of ,um, everyone .关于体育运动的愉悦和对每个人的身体健康有好处,你说得很正确.And you talked about the Olympic idea of ,uh ,if I ve got right ,faster ,higher ,and stronger.如果我没弄错的话,你说奥林匹克的精神是更快,更高和更强.But one thing that troubles me about the Olympics is that the pressure to be faster,higher,stronger is so great sometimes that it passes beyond the point where its healthy .但是我感到困扰的是在奥林匹克的重压下,更快,更高,更强有时太过分而超过了健康的观点.I wonder what you think about that.我想知道你是怎么想的.LiuLi:Um, thank you for this question and I m happy that we share the same concern .刘莉:谢谢您的问题,我很高兴我们有共同的看法.Mmm,one thing about the competition sports that I dislike is that they put much more pressure on the athletes and sometimes they even ,竞赛中我不喜欢的一点就是他们的运动员太多压力了,有时甚至uh , hurt their bodies.So, um ,I think apart from some of the athletes that they really done a very good job in the Olympic games.损害他们的身体.所以我想除了运动员在奥运会上真的表现得很出色,I think it is a public sports that we should promote to a kind of national ,nation-wide popularization .我们应该把它提倡为所有民族的运动,全民化运动.Um,because as we all know that although some days only stars are really eye attracting ,因为众所周知,虽然那些日子明星才真正吸引人,it is the whole galaxy that there is noticing .So ,uh,what I want to address here is that it ,但是整个都会吸引人.所以今天在这里我想表明的是,uh , the most important function of sports today is that we can make our self healthy ,体育运动最重要的是我们能够使自己的身体健康,but not to be the top ones.而不是成为第一名.Thank you .谢谢.09/85596

Honorable judges ,ladies and gentlemen:尊敬的评委,女士们,先生们:Id like to begin my speech with a story I from a newspaper .A chinese writer visited the International Olympic Museum in Switzerland three years ago .我想以在报纸上看到的一个故事开始.三年前,一个中国作家参观了瑞士国际奥林匹克物馆.When he went to get the ticket ,he discovered that each ticket bears a design representing the city that had hosted the Olympic Games.他去买票时发现每张票上都印有曾举办过奥运会的城市的标志.He was frustrated ,however ,because the enthusiastic assistant who wished to give him one representing his country had to apologize.他觉得很失落,因为那位热情的售票员未能为他找到一张代表中国的票,而只能感到抱歉了.I thought to myself :Why cant China ,where sports have become an essential part of peoples lives ,host the Olympics?我想,为什么中国- 一个体育已成为人们生活不可缺少的一部分国家,却不能举办奥运会?Why cant China ,a country playing an important role in nearly all sports worldwide,host the Olympics?为什么中国——一个几乎在全世界各项体育运动中都有扮演着重要角色的国家,却不能举办奥运会?Why cant China ,a country playing an important role in economics and developing with a fast pace ,have a ticket of her own ?为什么中国-一个高速发展的,在经济领域中起着举足轻重作用的国家,却不能有一张代表自己的票?I believe China has plenty of reasons to be such a host and what China can contribute to the Olympics is not merely a ticket design .我相信中国有着充足的理由来举办奥运会,中国对奥运会做出的贡献将不仅仅是一张票的设计.The spirit of Olympic goes far beyond sports.It is an active way of living ,a demonstration of self-confidence and a presentation of courage.奥运精神远不只体育运动,它是一种积极的生活方式,一种自信和勇气的展示.The Olympic spirit has enlivened people in China ,especially the younger generation .奥运精神使中国人更加朝气蓬勃,尤其是年轻一代.I am a prime example.I encountered many obstacles in preparing for this speech contest,but the African swimmer Eric Moussambani was a great encouragement to me .我自己就是一个最好的例子.为在这次演讲比赛做准备时,我遇到了许多困难,但非洲游泳运动员埃里克.穆山巴尼给了我极大的鼓励.He reached the finish line long after others had,but his perseverance and courage won the applause of the audience and other competitors.其他人都达到终点后他才游完,但他的勇气和毅力赢得了观众和其他运动员的掌声.I now understand that the essential thing in life lies more in striving than in conquering.现在我明白了,生命最重要的在于争取,而不在获胜.China has 400 million youths today .If the 2008 Games can be held in China,the Olmpic spirit will be sp,enhanced, and passed down from generation to generation in the worlds most populous nation .现在中国有四亿年轻人,如果二零零八年奥运会在中国举行,那么奥运精神将在世界上人口最多的国家得发扬光大并代代相传.Moreover ,Beijings contribution to the Olympics will not only be sping the spirit within China,but also bringing rich Eastern culture to Olympics and to the world .还有,北京对奥运会的贡献不只是在中国传播奥运精神,还能将大精深的东方文化带给奥运和世界.The Olympics originated in ancient Greece ,the primary source of Western culture .奥运会起源于古希腊--- 西方文化的发源地.But the modern Olympics has become a celebration of mankind.It is an important international event and therefore needs global involvement.但现代奥运会已成为人类的一个庆典.它是一项重要的国际运动,需要全球的参与.The five-ring symbol calls not only for peace and unity in the world but also for a mutual understanding of Western and Eastern cultures.五环符号不仅呼唤着世界的和平统一,而且呼唤着西方文化与东方文化的相互理解.China is the cradle of the ancient Eastern civilization .When the Olympics steps into the new century by returning to their birthplace,中国是东方古文化的摇篮.当奥运会步入新世纪而回归发源地的时候,the next choice should be the ancient and modernized Beijing .I say this ,下一步选择就应该是古老而现代的北京.我之所以这样说,Because the Olympic needs constant enrichment from different cultures.I say this ,because I believe that the two cultures will nourish and benefit each other ,I say this ,是因为奥运会需要不同的文化来不断充实.我之所以这样说,是因为我相信这两种文化将互补充,相互充实;我之所以这样说,because Beijing is y to make all preparations necessary to host the Games.是因为北京已做好了所有必要的准备工作来举办奥运会.Beijing no longer impress the world with the Great Wall and the Forbidden City alone ;she is wooing the global community with her modern look .北京不仅以长城和紫禁城而闻名世界,她正以崭新的姿态取得全球共识.The environment ,telecommunications ,transportation,and other services are improving daily .环境,电讯,交通,以及其他设施正日新月异地发展,More important are the changes in peoples minds.More and more people have adoptetd the environment-friendly lifestyle .然而更重要的是人们观念的更新.越来越多的人们采取了对环境更为有利的生活方式.Increasing numbers of residents can speak English to the international community .These significant changes,越来越多的北京居民能与来自世界各地的团体用英语交谈.这些重大变化,both physical and mental ,and the endeavor to improve themselves ,no doubt ,will ensure a successful hosting and will enable a new Beijing to have a ticket with her name inscribed in the Olympic Museum.物质和精神这两者(的重大变化).以及提高自身的努力,无疑可以确实北京能够成功地举办奥运会,从而使新面貌的北京也拥有一张印有自己名字的票,在奥林匹克物馆占有一席之地.This ticket will not be a common ticket any more.With this ticket ,the Olympicss hosts will increase by 1.2 billions;这张票不再是一张普通的票了.有了这张票,奥运会的主办者将增加十二亿人;with this ticket ,the Olympics will have a new field to cultivate ,and this ticket will be a symbol of Chinas contribution to the Olympics.Thank you!有了这张票,奥运会将开辟出一片新领域,而这张票也将成为中国对奥运会所做贡献的一个象征.谢谢大家!Judge:Thank you very much indeed,contestant number 22,I m bringing you back to the Olympics.评委:非常谢谢二十二号参赛选手,我们还是回到奥运会的话题上去.You will guess.Im sure ,that yours was not the first presentation that weve heard today ,about the Olympics ,but you re almost the first person to say anything at all about the growing interest in modern China in competitive sports of the kind that come from western countries and from the Olmpic movement.我敢肯定,你在想,你的演讲并不是我们今天听到的第一个关于奥运会的演讲,但你几乎是第一个谈到了现代中国对来自西方国家的各种奥运竞技运动越来越感兴趣.And I wonder if you might like to say a little bit more about that and why you think it is that in modern China these kinds of traditionally western sports have become so much more popular.你能否说一说为什么这些传统的西方体育运动在现代中国越来越受欢迎?Guo Zhongbao:Thank you for your question .I think that we all know some Chinese sports.郭中宝:谢谢您的提问.我想,大家都知道中国的一些体育运动.I think that Chinese sports and Western sports have lots in common .But as for such a competitive society ,students need the sense of competition,and the Western sports emphasize more on competition .我认为中国的体育运动和西方的体育运动在许多方面有着共同点.但是这样一个竞争激烈的社会,学生要有竞争感,西方体育运动突出了这种竞争意识,So I think maybe that is one of the reasons that Chinese students like to choose Western sports.因此我认为这就是为什么中国学生选择西方体育运动的原因之一.And another reason ,I think ,it is very good for the audience to watch ,because it is competitive ,it is exciting and we have a lot of channels for that such as CCTV channel 5 and the sports section in China Daily.第二个原因,我认为,是体育运动适合观看,因为体育运动竞争性强,令人感到十分兴奋,我们可以通过许多渠道来了解体育,如中央电视台第五套节目以及lt;lt;中国日报gt;gt;体育版.So I think that these are very ...I think that why we like the Western sports is because it emphasize the competition,所以我觉得这些都是....这就是为什么我们喜欢西方体育运动的原因,因为它强调了竞争,and in the market based economy ,I think China badly needs that kind of idea.Thank you .在市场经济下,中国是十分需要这种理念的.谢谢.Judge :Thank you ,Im going to ask a more personal question .In your first presentation you mentioned that you had to overcome a lot of difficulties in order to participate in this contest.评委:谢谢.我还想问一个更私人的问题.在你的演讲中,你谈到为了参加这次演讲比赛,你克了很多困难.I wonder if you could tell us about those difficulties and what you did to overcome them.我希望你能向我们说说你都遇到了什么困难,以及你是怎样克它们的.Guo Zhongbao:Thank you .There is something wrong happen in my family and a disagreement between my father and mother .郭中宝:谢谢.我的家庭出现了一些问题.爸爸和妈妈之间出现不和.I couldnt tell because that is very personal .My mother told me that you just strive on ,work on your work and do not mention ,do ...not care about your family because the competition is very important for you .我不想说,因为这是很私人的事情.妈妈对我说,你只管继续努力,专注于自己的工作,不要管家里的事情,因为这次比赛对你来说十分重要.Besides the problem in my family I encountered many difficulties in language because I am only a second year student.除了家庭问题,我还遇到了许多语言上的困难,因为我只是一个二年级的学生.And a lot of difficulties understanding the Olympic spirit .And also ,the bidding because I m not a student in Beijing .还有在理解奥运精神上的困难.还有关于北京申奥,因为我不是北京的学生.So,to overcome these difficulties ,I really need some idea or some spirit .因此,为了克这些困难,我真的需要一些思想和精神上的鼓励.Gradually , I found that Erics spirit can support me ,because he never stop.逐渐地,我发现,埃里克精神可以给我以持,因为他从来停止过,He never quit.Because he tells us that a quiltter never wins and a winner never quits .他从来没有放弃过.因为他曾说,一个放弃者永远也不会获胜,而一个胜利者永远也不会放弃.So I think I got a lot of support from that accident .And I think that this kind of understanding was rooted in my mind .我认为我从这次事件中得到许多持.我想,这种理解将根植于我的头脑之中.Probably some day in the future ,when I have a child ,I will tell him,especially when he or she,has difficulties.也许在未来的某一天,我也有了自己的孩子,当他或她有了困难的时候,I will he or she,him or her,to learn for that accident.Thank you very much indeed.我会告诉他,无论是男孩还是女孩,我会让他从这次事中吸取经验教训.真的非常感谢.09/85159

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