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泉州南安市治腋臭哪家最周网在泉州隆鼻价格表

来源:时空大全    发布时间:2019年09月20日 20:26:35    编辑:admin         

Hi, everybody. 大家好。In my State of the Union Address, I talked about the idea of opportunity for all.在我的国情咨文里,我谈到了为所有人创造机会的理念。Opportunity is the idea at the heart of this country-that no matter who you are or how you started out, with hard work and responsibility, you can get ahead.机会是本国当前的核心理念,无论你是谁,来自哪里,只要你辛勤工作敢于担当,你就可以取得成功。I ran for President to restore that idea, and Im even more passionate about it today. 我正是为了重建这一理念才竞选总统的,今天我对此的与日俱增。Because while our economy has been growing for four years, and those at the top are doing better than ever, average wages have barely budged. 因为经济保持增长已经四年了,成功人士比以前更成功,而平均工资却基本没有变化。Too many Americans are working harder than ever just to get by, let alone get ahead-and thats been true since long before the recession hit.有太多美国人比以前更努力的工作却只能勉强度日,更别说取得成功了,在经济衰退冲击之前,长期以来,现实就是如此。Weve got to reverse those trends. 我们必须改变这一趋势。Weve got to build an economy that works for everyone, not just a fortunate few. 我们的经济必须惠及所有辛勤工作的人们,而不仅仅是富裕的少数人。And the opportunity agenda I laid out last week will help us do that.我上周提出的机会这一施政方案将帮助我们实现这一目标。Its an agenda with four parts. 这一方案包括四个部分。Number one: more new jobs. 第一:更多的就业。Number two: training folks with the skills to fill those jobs. 第二:为大家提供培训以适应这些工作的就业要求。Number three: guaranteeing every child access to a world-class education. 第三:确保每个孩子都能接受世界级的教育。And number four: making sure that hard work pays off, with wages you can live on, savings you can retire on, and health insurance thats there when you need it.第四:确保辛勤付出得到回报,有足够的工资可以生活,退休后有储蓄可以依赖,当你需要的时候有医疗保险的保障。I want to work with Congress on this agenda where I can.我希望与国会在这一事情上尽可能合作。But in this year of action, whenever I can take steps without legislation to expand opportunity for more American families, I will. 但在今年的工作中,无论我能否在立法机构那里取得进展进而为更多美国家庭带来更多机会,我都将全力以赴。Ive got a pen and a phone-a pen to take executive action, and a phone to rally citizens and business leaders who are eager to create new jobs and new opportunities. 我有一笔,一部电话:笔用来签署命令,电话用来倾听期望创造新的就业和新的机遇的公民和企业领导的声音。And weve aly begun.而且我们已经开始这么做了。In Wisconsin, I ordered an across-the-board reform of our training programs to train folks with the skills employers need, and match them to good jobs that need to be filled right now.在威斯康辛,我签署了一项培训计划全面改革的行政命令,用以为人们提供雇主所需技能的培训,让他们现在就具备新工作所需要的能力。In Pittsburgh, I directed the Treasury to create “my-RA,” a new way for working Americans, even if youre not wealthy, to start your own retirement savings.在匹兹堡,我指示财政部设立“我的退休金”计划,这对于美国工薪阶层这是一种新的方式,即便你不富裕,你也可以为你的退休生活开始储蓄。In Maryland, I rallied the leaders of some of Americas biggest tech companies to help us make sure all our kids have access to high-speed internet and up-to-date technology to help them learn the skills they need for the new economy.在马里兰,我召集了全美最大的几家技术企业的领导一起来帮助我们,确保所有的孩子都能接入高速互联网,跟上最新的技术发展,帮助他们掌握新经济所需要的各项技能。And at the White House, I brought together business leaders whove committed to helping more unemployed Americans find work, no matter how long theyve been looking. 在白宫,我找来承诺帮助失业人员找工作的企业领导,无论这些人失业多长时间都要帮助他们。And I directed the federal government to make hiring decisions the same way-based on whether applicants can do the job, not when they last had a job.我还指示联邦政府对招聘规则进行同样的调整,招聘基于应聘者是否适合该工作,而不是他上一份工作是什么时候。So when you hear me talk about using my pen and my phone to make a difference for middle class Americans and those working to get into the middle class, thats what I mean. 我说我要用一笔和一部电话为中产阶级和努力争取成为中产阶级的人们带来改变,就是这个意思。And Im going to keep asking students and parents and business leaders to help-because there are millions of Americans outside Washington who are tired of stale political arguments, y to move this country forward, and determined to restore the founding vision of opportunity for all.我还将继续寻求学生、父母和企业领袖的持,因为还有很多很多身在华盛顿以外的人们厌倦了一成不变的政治争论,他们时刻准备推动这个国家向前发展,对为所有人创造机会这一美好前景充满信心。And so am I. 我也同样如此。Thanks, have a great weekend, and to our Olympians in Sochi, go Team USA!谢谢,祝大家周末愉快。此外也祝参加索契冬奥会的运动员取得好成绩,加油,美国队! 201402/275683。

You were beaten by the chimps.你们被黑猩猩打败了。But it was close.但很接近了。You were three times better than the Swedes,but thats not enough.你们的正确率比瑞典人高了三倍但这还不够。You shouldnt compare yourself to Swedes.你们不应该拿自己跟瑞典人比。You must have higher ambitions in the world.你们对于世界的野心肯定不止于此。Lets look at the next answer here: women in school.来看下一个 女性所受的学校教育。Here, you can see men went eight years.这里 你可以看到男性是八年。How long did women go to school?女性所受的学校教育年限是?。Well, we asked the Swedes like this,and that gives you a hint, doesnt it?瑞典人是这么回答的。你从这里能总结出规律了是吧。The right answer is probably the one the fewest Swedes picked, isnt it?正确的很可能是最少瑞典人选择的那个 对吧。Lets see, lets see. Here we come.咱们来看看开始。Yes, yes, yes, women have almost caught up.没错,没错,女性几乎赶上了。This is the U.S. public.这是美国公众的选择。And this is you. Here you come.然后这里是你们的选择 请看。Well, congratulations, youre twice as good as the Swedes, but you dont need me a” So how come?祝贺大家 你们的正确率比瑞典人高一倍。但是你们不需要我来怎么会这样?I think its like this, that everyone is aware that there are countries and there are areas where girls have great difficulties.我想这是因为大家都知道在有些国家。有些地区女孩子们依然处于巨大的困境之中。They are stopped when they go to school,and its disgusting.她们不被允许去学校这是令人无法接受的。But in the majority of the world,where most people in the world live,most countries, girls today go to school as long as boys, more or less.但是在世界上的大部分地方。在大部分人生活的地区绝大多数国家女孩子们上学的时间和男孩子们一样长或多或少。That doesnt mean that gender equity is achieved, not at all.这并不意味着男女平等已经实现了。完全不是。They still are confined to terrible, terrible limitations, but schooling is there in the world today.她们依然受到许多严重的束缚,但学校教育已经成为了主流。Now, we miss the majority.现在我们忽略了大多数情形。When you answer, you answer according to the worst places,and there you are right, but you miss the majority.当你回答问题时 你以最差的情形为依据,这并不意味着你错了 但是你把大多数情形给忽略了。What about poverty?关于贫困呢?。Well, its very clear that poverty here was almost halved,and in U.S., when we asked the public,only five percent got it right.非常明显。贫困率几乎减半。然而在美国 但我们向公众提问时只有5%的人回答正确。And you?那你们呢?Ah, you almost made it to the chimps.差一点就跟黑猩猩一样了。That little, just a few of you!一点点,就差你们中的一小部分人!There must be preconceived ideas, you know.先入为主的观念是一定存在的。And many in the rich countries,they think that oh, we can never end extreme poverty.很多富裕国家都认为我们永远无法消除极端贫困。Of course they think so,because they dont even know what has happened.他们当然是这么认为的因为他们根本不知道发生了些什么。The first thing to think about the future is to know about the present.想要预知未来必须先了解现在。These questions were a few of the first ones in the pilot phase of the Ignorance Project in Gapminder Foundation that we run.以上这些问题是由我们负责的Gapminder基金会在无知项目的试运行阶段所提出的问题中的一部分。and it was started, this project, last year by my boss, and also my son, Ola Rosling.这个项目是在去年 由我的老板同时也是我的儿子 奥拉·罗斯林启动的。Hes cofounder and director, and he wanted,Ola told me we have to be more systematic when we fight devastating ignorance.他是联合创始人兼总监。并且他想要奥拉告诉我我们在对抗惊人的无知的战斗中需要更具有系统性。201501/354867。

Focus on the relevance. Apple needs to find where it is still incredibly relevant and focus on those areas. It means to figure out its core assets are, and invest more in them, Apple has neglected its core assets for a while. It has to forge some meaningful partnerships, not just partnerships in press releases. And it needs to define some new product paradigms. Weve got some great ideas. Im not going to be talking about products today, though. I just want you to know that we have some wonderful ideas that youll be hearing about between now and the end of the year. So, Lets talk about some of the Broad of Directors. Apple bad a very decent group of people as the Broad of Directors, they worked very, very hard for Apple, But I think with Apple in the situation, it found itself, it was time for a change. And the directors agreed with that. We have put together a new Board of Directors that I would like to announce to you today. There are two members of the prior board that we are extremely pleased are going to stay on the new Board. The first of those is Ed Woolard. Ed is the Chairman and former CEO of Du Pont. Ive gotten to know Ed over the last several weeks and I think hes terrific. He has provided a tremendous amount of leaderships during this very critical time for Apple. Next is Gareth Chang. Gareth is the President of Hughes International. Again, hes been on the Apple Board for a short while. Gareth bring a tremendous international experience to Apple, particularly in Asia, which is a very important market and high growth market for Apple.要把握苹果最可能涉足的优势领域,并倾注精力去开拓。这意味着要找出它的核心资产是什么,并且在其上加大投资,有一段时间苹果已经忽视了它的核心资产了。苹果必须锻造一些除新闻媒体之外的有意义的合作关系。这意味着开发新的产品模式,我们已经有了一些很不错的主意,不过我今天不打算谈论那些产品,我只是想让你们知道我们已经有了一些很棒的想法,我们将会在年底之前陆续揭晓。那么现在我们来说说董事会的一些事情。苹果有着一班非常非常优秀的董事会成员,他们为苹果尽心竭力。但是我想就苹果现在这个境况而言,董事会成员自己也会发觉是时候作一个变革了,他们对这一变革的必要性都表示赞同。我们组成了一个新董事会,今天我想对你们公布。新董事会里有两位以前的董事会成员,我们非常高兴他们能继续留在这个新的董事会中。第一位是埃德?伍拉徳,杜邦的董事长和前任首席执行官。几个星期前我认识了他,我觉得他非常了不起。在这重要关头,他为苹果的决策和管理作了很大的贡献。另一位是张镇中。他是休斯电子国际集团的总裁,他到苹果董事会的时间不 长。他为苹果带来了大量的国际市场的开拓经验,尤其是在亚洲地区,这是苹果急需拓展的市场。201407/309607。

Thank you, everybody. (Applause.) All right. Well, thanks to myfriend, Lilly Ledbetter, not only for that introduction but for fighting for asimple principle: Equal pay for equalwork. It’s not that complicated. And, Lilly, I assure you, you remain the faceof fair pay. (Laughter.) People don’t want my mug on there. (Laughter.) They want your face. As Lilly mentioned, she did notset out to be a trailblazer. She was just somebody who was waking up every day,going to work, doing her job the best that she could. And then one day, she finds out, after years,that she earned less than her male colleagues for doing the same job. I want to make that point again. (Laughter.) Doing the same job. Sometimeswhen you -- when we discuss this issue of fair pay, equal pay for equal work,and the pay gap between men and women, you’ll hear all sorts of excuses about,well, they’re child-bearing, and they’re choosing to do this, and they’re thisand they’re that and the other. She wasdoing the same job -- probably doing better. (Laughter and applause.) Samejob. Working just as hard, probablyputting in more hours. But she wasgetting systematically paid less. And so she set out to make surethis country lived up to its founding, the idea that all of us are createdequal. And when the courts didn’t answerher call, Congress did. The first time Lilly and I stoodtogether in this room was my tenth day in office, and that’s when we signed theLilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act. (Applause.) First bill I signedinto law. And some of the leaders whohelped make that happen are here today, including Leader Pelosi and SenatorMikulski and Congresswoman DeLauro. (Applause.) I want to thank allthe members of Congress and all the state legislators who are here and all the advocates who are here, becauseyou all contributed to that effort. AndI want to give a special thanks to the members of the National Equal Pay TaskForce, who’ve done outstanding work to make workplaces across America morefair.We’re here because today is EqualPay Day. (Applause.) Equal Pay Day. And it’s nice to have a day, but it’s evenbetter to have equal pay. (Applause.) And our job is notfinished yet. Equal Pay Day means that a woman has to work about this far into2014 to earn what a man earned in 2013. Think about that. A woman has gotto work about three more months in order to get what a man got because she’spaid less. That’s not fair. That’s like adding an extra six miles to amarathon. (Laughter.) It’s not right.AUDIENCE MEMBER: Ain’t right.THE PRESIDENT: Ain’t right. (Laughter.) It’s not right and itain’t right. (Laughter.) America should be a level playingfield, a fair race for everybody -- a place where anybody who’s willing to workhard has a chance to get ahead. Andrestoring that opportunity for every American -- men and women -- has to be adriving focus for our country. Now, the good news is today oureconomy is growing; businesses have created almost 9 million new jobs over thepast four years. More than 7 millionAmericans have signed up for health care coverage under the Affordable CareAct. (Applause.)That’s a good thing, too. I know it’s Equal Pay Day and not ObamacareDay -- (laughter) -- but I do want to point out that the Affordable Care Actguarantees free preventive care, like mammograms and contraceptive care, fortens of millions of women, and ends the days when you could be charged morejust for being a woman when it comes to your health insurance. (Applause.) And that’s true for everybody. (Applause.) That’s just one moreplace where things were not fair. We’ll talk about drycleanersnext, right -- (laughter) -- because I know that -- I don’t know why it costsmore for Michelle’s blouse than my shirt. (Laughter.) But we’ve got to make sure thatAmerica works for everybody. Anybody who is willing to work hard, they shouldbe able to get ahead. And we’ve got tobuild an economy that works for everybody, not just those at the top. Restoring opportunity for all has to be ourpriority. That’s what America isabout. It doesn’t matter where youstarted off, what you look like -- you work hard, you take responsibility, youmake the effort, you should be able to get ahead. And we’ve got to fight for anopportunity agenda, which means more good jobs that pay good wages, andtraining Americans to make sure that they can fill those jobs, and guaranteeingevery child a world-class education, and making sure the economy rewards hardwork for every single American. And part of that is fighting forfair pay for women -- because when women succeed, America succeeds. (Applause.) When women succeed, America succeeds. It’s true. I believe that. (Applause.) It’s true. It’s true. It’s true. Now, here’s the challenge: Today, the average full-time working womanearns just 77 cents for every dollar a man earns; for African American women,Latinas, it’s even less. And in 2014,that’s an embarrassment. It iswrong. And this is not just an issue offairness. It’s also a family issue andan economic issue, because women make up about half of our workforce and they’reincreasingly the bwinners for a whole lot of families out there. So when they make less money, it means lessmoney for gas, less money for groceries, less money for child care, less moneyfor college tuition, less money is going into retirement savings. And it’s all bad for business,because our economy depends on customers out there, and when customers haveless money, when hardworking women don’t have the resources, that’s aproblem. When businesses lose terrificwomen talent because they’re fed up with unfair policies, that’s bad forbusiness. They lose out on thecontributions that those women could be making. When any of our citizens can’t fulfill their potential for reasons thathave nothing to do with their talent or their character or their work ethic, we’renot living up to our founding values. Wedon’t have second-class citizens in this country -- and certainly not in theworkplace.201502/359567。

And then I would throw in a hooker.然后,我这里再给你们下个跘儿。I would say that be part of owning 10% of this person,在你买进10%你的同学的余生时,you have to get rid of, to short 10% of somebody else in the class.你还要卖出10%的另外一个同学的余生。That is more fun, isn’t it?这不是很有趣吗?And you think that who do I want to go short of?你会想我到底卖谁呢?Again you wouldnt pick the person with the lowest IQ.你可能还是不会找IQ最低的。You would start to think about the person really who turned you off for one reason or another.你可能会选那个让你厌恶的同学,And quality, quite a part from their academic achievement.以及那些令你讨厌的品质。Their qualities, you don’t want to be around them, other people dont want to be around them.那个你不愿打交道的人,其他人也不愿意与之打交道的人。What were the qualities that lead to that?是什么品质导致了那一点呢?That will be a whole bunch of things.你能想出一堆来,You know that is a person a little egotistical, or a person who is greedy, who is slightly dishonest, cuts comers, so all of these qualities.比如不够诚实,爱占小便宜等等这些,And you can write those down on the right land side.你可以把它们写在纸的右栏。As you look at those qualities on the left and right hand side, there is one interesting thing about them.当你端详纸的左栏和右栏时,会发现有意思的一点。It is not the ability to throw a football 60 yards.能否将橄榄球扔出60码之外并不重要,It is not the ability to nm the 100 yard dash in 9.3 seconds.是否能在9秒3之内跑100码也不重要,It is not being the best looking person in the class.是否是班上最好看的也无关大局。They are all qualities that if you really want to have the ones on the left hand side, you can have them.真正重要的是那些在纸上左栏里的品质。I mean they are qualities of behavior, temperament, character, that achievable,这些行为,脾气,和性格的品质,都是可以做到的。they are not forbidden to anybody in this group.且对任何人都是开放的。And if you look at the qualities on the right hand side, the ones you find that turned you off in other people,再看看那些右栏里那些让你厌恶的品质,there is not a quality there that you have to have.没有一项是你想追求的。You have, you can get rid of it.如果你有的话,你也可以改掉。You can get rid of it a lot easier at your age than at my age,在你们这个年纪,改起来比在我这个年纪容易得多,because most behaviors is (are) habitual.因为大多数这些行为都是逐渐固定下来的。And they say the chains of habit are too light to be felt until they are too heavy to be broken.人们都说习惯的枷锁开始轻得让人感受不到,一旦你感觉到的时候,已经是沉重得无法去掉了。And there is no question about it.这是毫无疑问的。I see people with these self-destructive behavior patterns at my age or even twenty years younger and they really are entrapped by them. 我见过很多我这个年纪或者比我还年轻20岁的人,有着自我破坏性习惯而又难以自拔。They go around ,and they do things that turn off other people right and left.他们走到哪里都招人厌恶。And they dont need to be that way but by a certain point they get so they can hardly change it.他们不需要那样,但是他们已经无可救药。But at your age you can have any habits, any patterns of behavior that you wish.但是在你们这个年纪,任何习惯和行为模式都可以有,只要你们愿意。It is simply a question of which you decide.就只是一个选择的问题。Ben Graham in his low teens looked around at the people he admired,就象本杰明·格拉姆一样,在他还是十几岁的少年时,他四顾看看那些令人尊敬的人,and he said that, “You know, I want to be admired, so why don’t I just behave like them?;他想:我也要做一个被人尊敬的人,为什么我不象那些人一样行事呢?And he found that there was nothing impossible about behaving like them.然后他发现那样去做并不是不可能的。And similarly he did the same thing on the reverse side in terms of getting rid of those qualities.他对那些令人讨厌的品质采取了与此相反的方式而加以摒弃。So I would suggest that if you write those qualities down and think about them a while and make them habitual,所以我说,如果你把那些品质都写下来,好好思量一下,择善而从,you will be the one you want to buy 10% off when you are all through.你自己可能就是那个你愿意买入10%余生的人!And the beauty of it is that you aly own 100% of yourself and you are stuck with it.更好的是,你自己本就100%的拥有你自己了。So you might as well be that person, that somebody else.所以你也会成为那样的人。201308/253209。

But by editorial,说到编辑I mean there are a thousand things that we could我是指我们正在做的1000件事里be doing but theres only one or two that are important只有一两件是重要的All of these ideas and来自用户的all of these stories from our users,工程师的,持者的from engineers, from support people,各种想法和故事from designers are going to constantly flood会不断冲击what we should be doing.我们应该做的事情We need to choose the one or two我需要选择那一件或两件that are really going to drive会真的带动这个网络,务,产品and sustain the network and the service and the product让它们持续发展的事情As an editor,拿编辑打比方I am effectively just the chief editor of the company.我就是公司有效率的总编As an editor, Im constantly taking all these inputs作为一个编辑,我不断地吸收这些输入程序and deciding on that one or that intersection of决定哪一点或是哪一部分a few that makes sense for what were doing.是值得去做的Theres three access points that I pay attention to,我尤其注意到in particular.三个切入点Number 1 is the team.第一就是团队We have to bring the best people in,我们必须招揽最优秀的人edit the best people in吸纳最优秀的人so we have a good cast of characters,所以我们有了强大的阵容and edit away any negative elements.剪辑走了负面元素A lot of this is just like the timing is off这项工作很难,经常会出现and our relationship just doesnt match.不论多久,关系就是调理不好的情况In some cases, we have to ask people在某些情况下,我需要让有些人to leave or they leave on their own.离开,或者等他们主动离开But its always minding that team dynamic但是团队动态需要始终放在心上because at the end of the day,因为当这一阶段结束后were just a group of people working on one single goal我们就会成为一群人在为同一个目标奋斗If we cant step in a cohesive coordinative fashion,如果我们不能成为一个相互协调相互统一的整体then were going to trip all over the place.那我们就会东扑西扑And thats a messy company. No one wants to use that.公司也会变得一团糟,团队也没人敢用So, recruiting is number 1.所以招贤纳士是第一位Number 2 is internal and external communication.第二是内部和外部的交流Internal communication is just the coordination around内部的交流就是协调我们手头的工作what were doing and why were doing it and what our搞清楚我们为什么在做这些工作goals are and why the goals are like that. Thats it.为什么我们有这些目标,就是如此If you have that sort of high-level,如果你做到这么高水准的内部交流this is where were going,就与我们的前进方向不谋而合this is the vision, this is the next 30 days and这就是未来,这是接下来30天three months and six months and a year maybe,3个月,半年或是1年的前景it makes it very, very easy to这让公司各部门的人set priorities and for all of the edges做正确的事of the company to set their own priorities设立工作重点to do the right thing.变得非常容易The external communication is the product.外部交流就是产品The product is the story were telling the world.产品就是我们告诉世界的故事We want to put everything through this.我们想将所有东西都放在里面We dont want it to be about a person.我们不想让故事只针对某人We want it to be about我们想让它成为关于how people are using it and how people are人们怎样使用它和人们怎样fitting it into their lives让它融入生活and what theyre doing with it.人们用它做什么Thats the strongest story we have.这是我们最有力的故事So, number 2 is that所以第二就是internal and external communication.内部和外部的交流Number 3 is editing the money in the bank story.第三就是像那样;编辑;钱This comes in two ways.这有两种方式It comes through investment and它来自投资和taking money from investors,从投资者那里拿钱either through swiping their credit cards while无论是当他们不注意的时候刷信用卡theyre not looking or through revenue.还是通过业务来盈利Fortunately, Square is a company幸运的是 Square是一家that has revenue from day 1从第一天就有收入的公司so we can look at constantly building that and所以我们可以看到在不断地建设它we dont have to worry about much investment.而不必担心投资问题We can focus on that revenue piece.我们可以集中在收入这一块So, my three priorities and以上依次是我的三个重点my focus areas are in that order.和关注领域Thats what Im constantly editing as a CEO.这是我作为CEO不断编辑的东西I think it makes managing a growing company我认为它让一个不断壮大的公司的管理and a fast-paced movement very,和快速发展变得very easy because非常简单there is basically one thing that you have to do.因为你必须做一件事You have to make every single detail perfect就是让每个细节都很完美and you have to limit the number of details.你必须要限制细节的数量Thats it.就是这样Every detail perfect, limit the number of details.每个细节都完美,限制细节的数量If you can do that well,如果你在这方面可以做得很好no matter where you are in the org structure,不管你在这个组织机构的哪里no matter where you are in the company or organization,不管你在公司或是组织的哪个位置youre going to succeed because youre paying你就会成功,因为你attention to the smallest things.注意到了细小的东西And if you pay attention to the smallest如果你注意到了最小的东西things while knowing whats important,并且知道什么是重要的then everything else takes care of itself.那么任何其他事情都会自然而然地好起来201503/366863。

You all know about multitasking.你们都知道;多任务处理;(multitasking)。You all have been faulty of multitasking when youre driving and you pick up your cellphone.一边开车一边拿起手机的多任务处理不是明智之举。Bad idea. Very bad idea.非常糟糕。Why? Because as your attention shifts to your cell phone,为什么?因为你的注意力实际上转移到了你的手机上,you are actually losing the capacity to react swiftly to the car braking in front of you于是不能对前面的车况做出敏捷的反应。and so youre much more likely to get engaged into a car accident.所以你出车祸的可能性大大增加了。Now, we can measure that kind of skills in the lab.现在我们可以在实验室中测量这种能力。We obviously dont ask people to drive around and see how many car accidents they have.我们当然不会让人开着车到处跑That would be a little costly proposition.然后看看会出几场车祸。这个方案代价有点高。But we design tasks on the computer where we can measure,但是我们可以通过特殊设计的电脑程序to millisecond accuracy, how good they are at switching from one task to another.精确到以毫秒为单位测量,考察人们能多快地在不同任务间切换。When we do that, we actually find that people当我们做这样的实验的时候,我们发现that play a lot of action games are really, really good.玩很多动作的人完成得真的非常非常好。They switch really fast, very swiftly. They pay a very small cost.他们在任务间的切换非常快速敏捷。他们所付出的代价很小。Now Id like you to remember that result,现在,我希望大家记住这个结论,and put it in the context of another group of technology users,把它带入到另外一群科技使用者的背景下。a group which is actually much revered by society, which are people that engage in multimedia-tasking.这些可以“多媒体任务处理”的人相当受社会推崇。What is multimedia-tasking?什么叫“多媒体任务处理”?Its the fact that most of us, most of our children,我们中的很多人,还有很多孩子are engaged with listening to music at the same time as theyre doing search on the web都会一边听着音乐一边上网搜索信息at the same time as theyre chatting on Facebook with their friends.一边和朋友在脸谱网上聊天。Thats a multimedia-tasker.这就是可以“多媒体任务处理”的人。There was a first study done by colleagues at Stanford有一个试验由斯坦福的研究人员们先做,and that we replicated that showed that我们又进行了重复试验过的研究表明those people that identify as being high multimedia-taskers are absolutely abysmal at multitasking.被认为是高效的“多媒体任务处理者”多任务处理的能力非常糟糕。When we measure them in the lab, theyre really bad.他们在实验室里被测量的表现真的很差。Right? So these kinds of results really makes two main points.这样的结果主要说明了两个问题。The first one is that not all media are created equal.第一,不是所有的媒体都生来平等。You cant compare the effect of multimedia-tasking and the effect of playing action games.不能比较多媒体处理对人的影响和玩动作对人的影响进行比较。They have totally different effects on different aspects of cognition, perception and attention.他们对于认知,知觉和注意力的影响都是完全不同的。Even within games,就算是在之中,Im telling you right now about these action-packed games.我指的是动作中,Different games have a different effect on your brains.不同的游戏对你的大脑的影响也是不同的。So we actually need to step into the lab and really measure what is the effect of each game.所以我们需要在实验室中测量每个游戏的影响分别是什么。The other lesson is that general wisdom carries no weight.第二,所谓的常识很多时候是不靠谱的。I showed that to you aly, like we looked at the fact that像我刚才讲到的despite a lot of screen time, those action gamers have a lot of very good vision, etc.虽然动作的玩家长时间看屏幕,但他们的视力依然很好就是例子之一。Here, what was really striking is that these undergraduates现在最让人担忧的是那些that actually report engaging in a lot of high multimedia-tasking are convinced they aced the test.常常多媒体任务处理的大学生们深信他们表现得很好。So you show them their data, you show them they are bad你把他们的数据给他们看,告诉他们其实他们表现得不怎么样,and theyre like, ;Not possible.;但是他们觉得那根本不可能。You know, they have this sort of gut feeling that, really,他们却觉得实际上they are doing really, really good.自己做得非常非常好。Thats another argument for why we need to step into the lab这也是为什么我们需要在实验室里and really measure the impact of technology on the brain.真正地去测量科技对于大脑的影响。201512/416490。