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2020年02月24日 00:03:38 | 作者:普及典范 | 来源:新华社
英语日常口语 59:Tim's love advice Tim 爱的忠告本单元是关于Tim 爱的忠告的对话Michal: Tim, can I talk to you? Tim: Sure, what's on your mind? Michal: It's about Helen and her family. Tim: Yeah, how was that visit you had to her folks' place? Michal: It was difficult. Tim: Why?Michal: Well, I thought Helen and I were just having some fun, you know, nothing too serious. But her parents have aly got us married and are right now thinking up names for the grandchildren we're going to give them! Tim: Does Helen feel the same as you then?Michal: I'm not sure. Tim: Well, you need to find out and then you've got to set her parents straight ... I wonder who that is.Vocabulary:(字汇)folks (plural only, informal):(家人,只能用复数,非正式)family or parentsplace (informal):(家,住所,非正式)house or flat  本单元的语言点是关于 s 的发音,一般复数名词 (e.g. names, parents) 和第三人称现在简单式动词 (e.g. she sings, he learns, it runs) 都必须在字尾加上 's' ,但是字尾的S有 三种不同的发音方式。Pronouncing 's'Regular plural nouns (e.g. names, parents) and 3rd person present simple verbs (e.g. she sings, he learns, it runs) all end in 's' but there are three different ways of pronouncing this letter. 一般复数名词 (e.g. names, parents) 和第三人称现在简单式动词 (e.g. she sings, he learns, it runs) 都必须在字尾加上 's' ,但是字尾的S有 三种不同的发音方式.Voiced and unvoiced sounds 发音和不发音If a sound is voiced it means that there is a vibration in your throat when you say the sound. If place your hand over your throat and say the sound /z/ or /m/, for example, you can feel your throat vibrate or buzz. When you say an unvoiced sound, on the other hand, like /s/ or /t/, you can't feel any buzz or vibration in your throat. 's'发音的规则 /200707/16063Now, many of you might worry that the notion of well-being is truly undefined,或许在你们之中,有许多人会担心这所谓的幸福该如何界定and seemingly perpetually open to be re-construed.这似乎没有一定的标准And so, how therefore can there be an objective notion of well-being?而且,怎么可能有一种完全客观的人身幸福的标准存在呢?Well, consider by analogy, the concept of physical health.如果是这样,难道因为对身体健康的概念The concept of physical health is undefined.没有一个真正的定论As we just heard from Michael Specter, it has changed over the years.如同Michael Specter适才说道,这些概念也会改变When this statue was carved the average life expectancy was probably 30.在这个雕像产生的年代,人类的平均寿命是30Its now around 80 in the developed world.现在已发展国家的平均寿命是80There may come a time when we meddle with our genomes in such a way that not being able to run a marathon也许有一天,因为我们对基因的研究,at age 200 will be considered a profound disability.200岁不能跑马拉松是一种残疾People will send you donations when youre in that condition.如果你有这种状况,人们会捐钱给你Notice that the fact that the concept of health is open, genuinely open for revision, does not make it vacuous.我们知道健康的观念会改变,随时都可以重新思考,这不代表这些讨论是毫无意义的The distinction between a healthy person and a dead one一个健康的人和一个死人之间的差别is about as clear and consequential as any we make in science.在科学或理论里是一样的Another thing to notice is there may be many peaks on the moral landscape:另外一个该注意的事情是道德地图上虽然有很多山巅There may be equivalent ways to thrive;是有可能可以一起努力there may be equivalent ways to organize a human society so as to maximize human flourishing.一起找出一个管理人类社会的方法,一起找出最大的幸福Now, why wouldnt this undermine an objective morality?为什么我们不能将这个当作客观道德的基础?Well think of how we talk about food:想象我们讨论食物的方式I would never be tempted to argue to you that there must be one right food to eat.我永远不会和你争辩人类应该有吃的自由201609/463886My fellow Americans, One week ago, our administration assumed the enormous responsibilities that you, the American People, have placed in us. There is much work to do in the days ahead, but I wanted to give you an update on what we have accomplished aly. In my first few days as your President, Ive met with the leaders of some of our nations top manufacturing companies and labor unions. My message was clear: we want to make things in America, and we want to use American workers. Since my election, many companies have announced they are no longer moving jobs out of our country but are instead keeping and creating jobs right here in America. Every day, we are fulfilling the promise we made to the American People. Here are just a few of the executive actions that I have taken in the last few days. An order to prepare for repealing and replacing Obamacare, its about time. The withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership so that we can negotiate one-on-one deals that protect American workers. That would have been a disastrous deal for our workers. An order to begin construction of the Keystone and Dakota Access pipelines, following a renegotiation of terms, with a requirement that pipelines installed in America be built with American steel and manufactured here. A directive to expedite permits for new infrastructure and new manufacturing plants.An order to immediately begin the border wall and to crack down on sanctuary cities. They are not safe, we have to take care of that horrible situation. This administration has hit the ground running at a record pace, everybody is talking about it. We are doing it with speed and we are doing it with intelligence and we will never, ever stop fighting on behalf of the American People. God bless you, and God Bless America.201702/492099A much simpler way is to sleep your way to the top Right now I imagine President Christ is thinking 更简单的方法是一路睡向成功现在 估计克里斯特校长正想着She probably should have vetted this speech But no, Im talking about sleep in the literal sense 应该事先审查这次演讲不过别想歪了 我这里的;睡;是字面意义的Because right now the workplace is absolutely fueled by sleep deprivation and burnout 因为现在职场往往都是建立在睡眠剥夺和精力耗尽基础上的I actually know of what I speak, because in 2007 sleep deprived and exhausted, I fainted 我有亲身经历 2007年我因睡眠不足和精疲力竭而晕倒Hit my head on my desk, broke my cheekbone and got four stitches on my right eye 头摔到桌子上 磕断了颧骨右眼上还缝了四针And that was the beginning of my reacquainting myself with sleep and with the need to redefine success to include our own well-being 正是从这之后 我开始重新认识到睡眠的重要性开始认识到重新定义成功 并在定义中包含健康的重要性Because even if sleep deprivation is not affecting your health its affecting your creativity, your productivity, and your decision-making 哪怕睡眠不足没有影响到你的健康它也会影响到你的创造性 你的效率 你的决策制定Did you know that the Exxon Valdez wreck the explosion of the Challenger space shuttle 你们知道吗 埃克森.瓦尔迪兹号触礁事故挑战者号航天飞机爆炸And the nuclear accidents at Chernobyl and Three Mile Island were at least all 还有切尔诺贝利和三哩岛核事件至少部分上Partially the result of decisions made on too little sleep? According to researchers at Walter Reed hospital 都是由缺乏睡眠基础上所作的决策而造成的根据沃尔特.里德医院的研究The only thing that gets better with sleep deprivation is magical thinking and reliance on superstition 睡眠不足唯一有利于奇幻思维和对迷信的依赖201606/448600

040 the Olympics Words Medal stadium competitor medals table judge time event sport trainer team host city opening ceremony water sport track and field spectator Flag Olympic record world record personal best measure Phrases Take part in an event Win an event Attend the opening ceremony Perform well in Do one’s best Head the medals table Beginner A; I see mike farmer has make it into the Olympic team. He beat the national record by 0.1 of a second. B; that’s great. He’s the best runner I’ve seen this season. I’m sure he’ll win a medal at the Olympics. A: I think you’re right. I think we have a very good athletics team. They should do well in the Olympics. How many medals do you think we’ll win? B; I really don’t know. I don’t think we’ll win many gold medals, but I think we should win several silver and bronze ones. A; what do you think our chance are in the events. B; in the last Olympics, we did very well in swimming, cycling and ball sports. I think we’ll do well in those same events. A; we might get a gold medal in the sailing too. Our team put in a lot of practice. B; I think we can expect to get between 30 to 40 medals in total. A; you are very optimistic! Intermediate A; aren’t you interested in watching the Olympics? There have been some excellent performances by athletes from all over the world. B: I just don’t find it very interesting. A: I think it’s wonderful to see people from all over the world taking part in such a great event. B; I think that for a lot of people, it’s just a way to try and show their country is better than other countries. A; I think the Olympics help to promote world peace. B; I’m not sure about that. We still have many wars in the world. I think that the idea behind the Olympics is a good one, but the reality is that during the Olympics countries compete. There’s no real spirit of cooperation and people are usually not very friendly to each other. A; you are so pessimistic! The Olympics is a great opportunity for athletes to demonstrate their speed, skill, agility and strength. Most people hope to see someone form their country win, but I think that they are just happy to see good performances by any athlete. B: well. I think that the most amazing performances are by athletes who participate in the Paralympics. A; now there we are in agreement! /200705/13521

And I didnt have to sing for it, by the way And heres the kicker. 当然在这出戏里 我并不需要唱歌还有 最关键的是It was at the Court Theater it was at the same theater. 这部音乐剧是在寇特剧院上演的也就是30年前That I failed that first audition 30 years prior The point is, and ill put up the pace. 我第一次试演失败的那家剧院所以我要说的就是 我会加快速度The point is, every graduate here today has the training and the talent to succeed. 今天在座的所有毕业生你们都有了成功所必需的学习和才能But do you have guts to fail Heres my second point about failure. 然而你们有接受失败的勇气吗?关于失败 我要说的第二个要点是If you dont fail, youre not even trying ill say it again. 如果你没有失败过 说明你都没有好好尝试过我再说一遍If you dont fail, youre not even trying My wife told me this expression. 如果你没有失败过 说明你都没有好好尝试过我太太跟我说过这句经典的话To get something you never had you have to do something you never did. 要得到你从未拥有过的东西你必须做你从来没有做过的事Les Brown, a motivational speaker, he made an analogy about this . 励志演讲者莱斯.布朗对此打过一个比方讲的是It says imagine youre on your deathbed and standing around your deathbed. 想象你快要去世了围绕着在你临终的床沿的Are the ghosts representing your unfilled potential The ghosts of the ideas you never acted on. 是代表你未了心愿的幽魂那些你没有付诸行动的想法的幽魂The ghosts of the talents you didnt use And theyre standing around your bed. 那些属于你却从没被启用的天赋的幽魂而它们都围在你的床沿Angry. Disappointed. Upset They say. 生气 失望 沮丧它们说We came to you, because you could have brought us to life they say. 我们来见你 因为你原本可以给予我们生命它们说And now we go to the grave together So I ask you today. 现在 我们不得不跟你一起进入坟墓所以今天我要问你们201611/473711

即学即用英语会话词典D部分:放心进入《即学即用英语会话词典文本》下载页面即学即用英语会话词典这部词典着眼日常生活、学习、工作等语言环境,囊括了当今美国最最简洁、最地道的日常口语表达方式。本词典获得2002年全国优秀畅销书奖 /200707/15647

It is a movement comprised of Americans from all races, religions, backgrounds and beliefs, who want and expect our government to serve the people, and serve the people it will.这是一场包含不同族裔、不同宗教、不同背景、不同信仰,全美国人构成的运动,人们都希望我们的政府能够为人民务,而它的确将为人民务。Working together we will begin the urgent task of rebuilding our nation and renewing the American dream.我们即将开始重建我们的国家、重塑我们的美国梦,让我们一起努力完成这些紧急的使命。Ive spent my entire life in business, looking at the untapped potential in projects and in people all over the world.我用我的一生致力于打造商业帝国,寻找着全世界具有无限潜能的项目和人才。That is now what I want to do for our country. Tremendous potential.现在我想为我的国家做这些。这才是拥有无限潜力的地方。Ive gotten to know our country so well. Tremendous potential.我很熟悉我们的国家。它拥有无限潜力。It is going to be a beautiful thing. Every single American will have the opportunity to realize his or her fullest potential.这将是一件十分美妙的事情。每一个美国人都将有机会充分挖掘自己的潜力。The forgotten men and women of our country will be forgotten no longer.那些在我们国家被遗忘的人们,再也不会被忘记。We are going to fix our inner cities and rebuild our highways, bridges, tunnels, airports, schools, hospitals.我们将整理我们的城市,重建高速、桥梁、隧道、机场、学校、还有医院。Were going to rebuild our infrastructure, which will become, by the way, second to none, and we will put millions of our people to work as we rebuild it.我们将重建我们的基础设施,当然,我们会成为第一,在此重建的过程中,我们会让数百万民众找到工作。We will also finally take care of our great veterans who have been so loyal, and Ive gotten to know so many over this 18-month journey.我们还会好好照顾忠诚的退伍军人,在这场18个月的竞选旅程中我了解到了很多。201611/477186

And I would apologize, but it did not have anything to do with security我很抱歉 但这同安全没一点关系Those graduates just wanted you to know what its like to register for classes here这些毕业生只是想让你们体会一下 选课时是什么滋味And this time of year brings a different kind of stress 今年还有另外一种压力Every senior stopping by gloster hall over the past week上周各位大四学生前往格洛斯特礼堂Making sure your name确保你的名字Was actually on the list of students who met all the graduation requirements出现在满足所有毕业要求的学生名单上If it wasnt on the list, you had to figure out why如果不在名单中 你需要弄清为什么Was it that library book you lent to that trifling roommate是因为你把图书馆的书借给了你不靠谱的室友Who didnt return it?而他没有还Was it Dr. Johnsons policy class?还是因为约翰逊士的政策课程Did you get enough crown forum credits?你们有足够的论坛学分吗On that last point, I’m going to exercise my power as president最后这一点上 我将执行我的总统特权To declare this speech sufficient宣布这次演讲就足够了Crown forum credits for any otherwise eligible student论坛学分 给予任何其它条件合格的学生To graduate让其毕业That is my graduation gift to you这是我给你们的毕业礼物201604/435614

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