2019年07月19日 22:13:37|来源:国际在线|编辑:中华新闻
(CNN) -- In 1985,Meng Weina set up China#39;sfirst private special needs school in the southern city of Guangzhou.(美国有线电视新闻网)——1985年,孟维娜(Meng Weina)在中国广州市成立了第一所私有特殊需要学校。As a single mother she was motivated tohelp those who are often overlooked by the country#39;s health care system andstigmatized by society.作为一名单身母亲,她成立这所学校的动机是帮助那些常被国家医疗制度忽视并为社会所指责的人。From her first center in Guangzhou,Weina now has Hui Ling operations in a dozen cities across China providinga range of services, from kindergartens and primary schools to youth workshopsand adult residential homes.自从在广州成立第一家机构后,维纳现在在中国的十几个城市成立了慧灵智障人士务机构,该机构属下务单位有:幼儿园、学校、青少年展能中心和社区家庭。The expansion of the donation-funded NGO showsnot just the success of the Weina#39;s vision but the desperate needfor mental health care provision in China.这个依靠捐赠资助而得以扩张的民间组织不仅表明了维娜成功的预见力,还表明了中国对精神卫生保健的迫切需求。;We estimate that only 10% of peoplewith intellectual disabilities in China are receiving some kind ofcare or help,; said Weina.维娜说,“据我们估算,中国只有10%的智障人群得到了照料或帮助”。According to a 2009 study published inBritish medical journal The Lancet, around 173 million Chinese suffer from amental disorder. However there are only 20,000 psychiatrists, equaling 1.5 foreach 100,000 people, or a tenth of the ratio in the ed States.据2009年英国医学杂志《柳叶刀》公布的一项研究,约有1.73亿的中国人患有精神疾病。然而,中国只有2万名精神病医生,这相当于1.5/100000的医患比例,这个比值只占美国的十分之一。Mental health legislation精神卫生立法Last year saw the introduction of China#39;s firstmental health legislation, which took a reported 27 years to pass.去年,中国引进了第一部精神卫生立法。据报道,这个法令的通过时间是27年。Among the changes from the law are newfinancing initiatives for mental health services and training for primarycare-givers. Perhaps the most significant was a new set of rights for patients,including not being hospitalized against their will.伴随立法带来的改变是为提供心理健康务和训练的基层医疗机构创建新的筹资渠道。或许最具意义的是为患者提供了一系列权利保障,其中包括入院要征求患者意愿。Negative perceptions of those with metalhealth problems are often portrayed in the media in China; they are either victims orperpetrators of violence.中国媒体刻画的那些有精神问题的人往往带有负面形象;他们要么是受害者,要么就是罪犯。Weina knows that each individual that comesto a Hui Ling center has their own set of needs and unique personality, andhelping bring out their best encourages her to keep working.维纳知道每个来到慧灵务机构的人都有各自的需求和个性,而协助他们以最好的方式生活下去激励着她继续工作。;I wanted to do something to make mylife worth while,; said Weina.维纳说,“我想做一些让自己的人生有意义的事情”。;When I see the smiles on their faces,when I see that these adults are truly happy to be at Hui Ling, that for me isthe happiest moment.;“当我看到他们脸上的微笑,看到这些大人们在慧灵真正感到快乐时,那于我来讲就是最快乐的时候”。 /201411/343354

Shinzo Abe’s poll ratings are at their lowest since taking up his second spell in office in 2012 as the Japanese prime minister’s push for national security reforms threatens his economic programme.日本首相安倍晋三(Shinzo Abe)大力推行的国家安全改革正威胁到他的经济计划。受此影响,安倍的民意持率创下他2012年第二次担任首相以来的新低。A Nippon Television poll at the weekend found support for Mr Abe at just 41 per cent, down 2.5 points on the previous month, while a Jiji poll showed a 2.2 point drop in support to 46 per cent.上周末,日本电视台(Nippon Television)展开的民意调查显示,安倍的持率只有41%,比上月下降了2.5个百分点。日本时事通信社(Jiji)展开的民意调查则显示,安倍的持率下降了2.2个百分点,至46%。The slide in Mr Abe’s approval ratings shows the risk to his economic reforms — which investors are counting on to revive the economy — if he turns the electorate against him with unpopular constitutional changes.安倍持率下滑表明,如果其不受欢迎的修宪令选民纷纷背弃他,他的经济改革将面临风险。目前,投资者正指望安倍的经济改革重振日本经济。“Since Mr Abe began his second term [in 2012], he’s been doing the things he has to rather than the things he wants to,” said Masatoshi Honda, professor of political science at Kinjo University.金城大学(Kinjo University)政治学教授本田雅俊(Masatoshi Honda)表示:“自(2012年)安倍开始其第二任期以来,他一直在做他不得不做的事,而不是做他想做的事。”That focus on economic revival and ending deflation has strong public support, but Mr Abe’s passion for reforming Japan’s pacifist constitution does not, and Mr Honda said the voters were sending the prime minister a warning.安倍对经济复苏和终结通缩的关注让他赢得了公众的大力持,但他对修改日本和平宪法的热情却没有给他带来这种持。本田表示,选民是在通过民调向安倍发出警告。“Now Mr Abe is doing the things he wants to rather than the things he must and it’s creating a perception gap with the public,” he said.他说:“现在安倍在做他想做的事,而不是他必须做的事。这导致他与公众产生了认知分歧。”While Mr Abe’s political position is still strong, with no viable alternative leader either within his party or without, the proposed security laws brought thousands of demonstrators on to the streets of Tokyo at the weekend.由于不论是在党内还是在党外都找不到合适的备选领导人,安倍目前的政治地位依然稳固。尽管如此,拟议中的安保法还是导致成千上万的示威者在上周末走上东京街头。The national security laws would enact Mr Abe’s reinterpretation of the constitution last year, allowing Japan to fight in defence of its allies. The Nippon Television poll shows 62.5 per cent of the public oppose the change.安保法将体现安倍去年对日本宪法的重新解读,允许日本为保护盟友而动用武力。日本电视台的调查显示,62.5%的日本民众反对这一变革。 /201506/380845

China said it would agree to open more of its vast government market to foreign firms as part of a decadelong bid to join a global pact on government purchases, which could ultimately benefit Chinese companies too.中国表示,将同意向外国公司进一步开放规模巨大的政府采购市场。这是中国10年来争取加入《全球政府采购协议》(Government Procurement Agreement)所做努力的一部分,而加入这个协议最终也有利于中国国内企业。As part of the annual U.S.-China Joint Commission on Commerce and Trade, China#39;s vice minister of Commerce, Wang Chao said that Beijing sought to #39;accelerate negotiations#39; on what is formally called the Government Procurement Agreement. Beijing would agree to terms that are #39;basically the same of other participating nations,#39; Mr. Wang said in a press conference at the end of the two-day session.中国商务部副部长王超表示,作为美中商业贸易联合委员会(U.S.-China Joint Commission on Commerce and Trade, 简称:美中商贸联委会)年会议程的一部分,中国已寻求加快《全球政府采购协议》方面的磋商。他在两天期会议结束时的新闻发布会上说,中国将接受与其他协议国基本一致的条款。He didn#39;t provide further details of the offer which he said would be made next year. U.S. Trade Representative Michael Froman said that #39;we look forward to seeing that offer and seeing if there is a basis on which to consider accession to the GPA.#39;他没有进一步给出他所说的中国明年将提出方案的细节。美国贸易代表迈克尔#8226;弗罗曼(Michael Froman)表示,我们希望看到中国的方案,看看其中是否具备考虑接纳中国加入《全球政府采购协议》的基础条件。The U.S. Trade Representative, citing the Chinese Ministry of Finance, estimates government procurement for 2011 was at least 0 billion.弗罗曼援引中国财政部的数据估计,2011年,中国政府采购市场的规模不低于1,800亿美元。China has said for years it will join the World Trade Organization#39;s GPA, which assures that nations don#39;t discriminate against foreign companies in government bids. Unlike other WTO deals, the GPA doesn#39;t set rules that all WTO members need to follow. Instead, the 15 members of the GPA make commitments of various kinds to open their government bidding processes and those commitments apply to other GPA members.多年来,中国一直表示将加入世界贸易组织(World Trade Organization, 简称WTO)的《全球政府采购协议》,加入这一协议的国家必须确保在政府采购项目招标时不对外国公司采取歧视的态度。与WTO的其他协议不同,《全球政府采购协议》没有针对所有WTO成员国制定统一的规则。该协议当前的15个协议国就公开政府招标过程作出了不尽相同的承诺,而这些承诺同时也适用于其他协议国。Countries that want to join the pact make offers and the GPA members judge whether the offer is sufficient to join.那些希望加入《全球政府采购协议》的国家需要提出自己加入该协议的方案,并由现有的协议国判断方案是否满足加入条件。Since 2001, China has made offers that have been judged by the U.S. and European Union as inadequate. They want Beijing to include purchases by local governments and state-owned enterprises. It wasn#39;t clear from Mr. Wang#39;s statement how broad China#39;s offer would be.自2001年以来,中国已经为申请加入《政府采购协议》提出过多份方案,但被美国和欧盟(European Union)认为不够充分。欧美希望中国提出的方案能涵盖地方政府和国有企业采购。王超的讲话并未说明中国所作承诺的范围有多大。In the JCCT talks, China pushed for greater exports of high-tech goods from the U.S. and sought to clear the way for Chinese investment, Chinese and U.S. officials said. If China were a GPA member, its companies could have an easier time bidding for U.S. and state government contracts.中美官员表示,在美中商贸联委会的谈判中,中国希望美国扩大高科技产品的出口,并希望为中国在美国的投资铺平道路。如果中国成为《政府采购协议》的成员国,那么中资企业竞标美国联邦和州政府的采购合同时会更加方便。The JCCT focuses on a variety of technical issues, including intellectual property protection, export rules and specific trade disputes. On Friday, for instance, China announced that it had blocked the import of 545,000 metric tons of U.S. corn so far in cargoes that contained MIR162, an insect-resistant strain of the grain that is permitted in the U.S., Japan and Europe but not approved by China#39;s agriculture ministry. That issue became a subject of discussion at the talks.美中商贸联委会主要讨论各种技术问题,包括知识产权保护、出口规则和具体贸易争端。比如中国周五宣布今年截至目前已经阻止54.5万吨美国玉米的进口,因这些玉米含有转基因成分MIR-162。MIR162是一种抗虫害基因,在美国、日本和欧洲都允许使用,但尚未获得中国农业部批准。这一问题也成了美中商贸联委会讨论的话题。Chinese Vice Agriculture Minister Niu Dun said the corn was rejected #39;because safety assessment procedures for export of GMO corn weren#39;t completed,#39; using the term for genetically modified organisms. Mr. Froman called the matter an #39;area of continuing work,#39; but didn#39;t say whether any progress had been made.中国农业部副部长牛盾表示,这些玉米之所以被拒绝进口是因为没有完成美国转基因玉米出口的安全评估程序。弗罗曼称将美方将在这一问题上“继续努力”,但没有说明是否取得了进展。U.S. Commerce Secretary Penny Pritzker said in an interview that one of the most important aspects of the session was for U.S. cabinet officials to get to better know Vice Premier Wang Yang, who headed the talks for the Chinese, so they can defuse trade and investment problems when they arise.美国商务部长普利茨克(Penny Pritzker)在接受采访时称,对美国内阁官员来说,本次美中商贸联委会会议最重要的问题之一就是更好地了解中方会谈代表、国务院副总理汪洋,这样在出现贸易和投资问题时双方可以及时化解。The meeting comes a month after a Communist Party policy conference, known as the Third Plenum, that issued a broad agenda for economic reform. The U.S. officials cited the document regularly in their arguments that China ought to make policy changes sought by Washington.就在此次美中商贸联委会会议召开前一个月,中共十八届三中全会公布了范围广泛的改革方略。美国官员在阐述自己的观点时经常引用这份文件来说明中国应该做出美国所希望的政策变革。Mr. Wang #39;was joking with us that maybe we knew the Third Plenum better than he did,#39; said Ms. Pritzker. #39;We were ing from it.#39;普利茨克称,汪洋与我们开玩笑说,美方可能比他更了解三中全会,因为美方常常会引述其中的内容。 /201312/269927

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