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演讲文本US President's speech on social security(March 12,2005)THE PRESIDENT: Good morning. Over the last few weeks, I have traveled across our nation and met with tens of thousands of you to discuss my plans for strengthening Social Security. I share a great responsibility with your representatives in Congress. We must fix the system permanently, so it will be there for our children and grandchildren. I have been to 15 states, and I'm just getting started. On every visit, I am assuring those of you born before 1950 that Social Security will remain the same for you; no changes. No matter what the scare ads or politicians might tell you, you will get your checks. You grandparents also understand we have got to fix the holes in this vital safety net for future generations. I appreciate the wisdom of our seniors and I welcome your input on how to strengthen the system. You younger workers know what is happening to Social Security. The present pay-as-you-go system is going broke. Huge numbers of baby boomers, like me, will be retiring soon, and we are living longer and our benefits are rising. At the same time, fewer workers will be paying into the system to support a growing number of retirees. Therefore, the government is making promises it cannot keep. Still, some folks are playing down the problem, and say we can fix it later. The fact is, we have got a serious problem and we need to fix it now. If you are in your 20s, or if you have children or grandchildren in their 20s, the idea of Social Security collapsing is no small matter, and it should not be a small matter to the Congress. In 1983, Congress enacted what they thought was a 75-year fix to save Social Security from bankruptcy. This bipartisan solution turned out to be temporary because it did not address the system's fundamental flaws. Two years later, Social Security was headed out of balance again. Now some in Washington are talking about another 75-year fix, which means we will be back to the starting line a few years from now. We do not need a band-aid solution for Social Security. We want to solve this issue now and forever. Putting off real reform makes fixing the system harder and more expensive. As one Democrat leader observed recently, "Every year we delay adds at least 0 billion to the cost of saving the system." And the Social Security trustees agree. Postponing reform will leave our children with drastic and unpleasant choices: huge tax increases that will kill jobs, massive new borrowing or sudden, painful cuts in Social Security benefits or other programs. Our children deserve better and we can give them better. I have told Congress all ideas are on the table, except raising the payroll tax rate. Some of the options available include indexing benefits to prices, rather than wages; changing the benefit formulas; raising the retirement age -- ideas Democrats and Republicans have talked about before. Whatever changes we make, we must provide a better and stronger system for younger workers. And that is why I have proposed allowing younger Americans to place some of your payroll taxes in voluntary personal retirement accounts. You would have a choice of conservative bond and stock funds, with the opportunity to earn a higher rate of return than is possible under the current system. If you earn an average of ,000 over your career, you can build up nearly a quarter-million dollars in your account, on top of your Social Security check. This would be real savings you own, a nest egg you could pass on to your children. The American people did not place us in office to pass on problems to future generations and future Presidents and future Congresses. I will work with both parties to fix Social Security permanently. Social Security has been there for generations of Americans, and together we will strengthen it for generations to come. Thank you for listening. 200603/5035。

  • [Nextpage视频演讲]President Obama and British Prime Minister David Cameron settle a World Cup bet and speak to the media after meeting at the G20 Summit in Toronto, Canada.Download Video: mp4 (66MB) | mp3 (6MB) [Nextpage演讲文本] PRESIDENT OBAMA: All right, everybody set up? Careful. Don't hurt each other. PRIME MINISTER CAMERON: -- upsetting the beer, so work together here. (Laughter.) PRESIDENT OBMAA: Let me begin by saying that the last conversation I had with David Cameron was before the -- well, I guess it wasn’t the last one, but a recent conversation was before the match between the ed States and England at the World Cup. And since it ended in a tie, we are exchanging -- and paying off our debts at the same time -- this is Goose Island 312 beer from my hometown of Chicago. And, David, I understand this is -- PRIME MINISTER CAMERON: This is Hobgoblin from the Wychwood brew in Witney, in my constituency. PRESIDENT OBAMA: So I advised him that in America we drink our beer cold. (Laughter.) So he has to put this in the refrigerator before he drinks it, but I think he will find it outstanding. And I'm happy to give that a shot, although I will not drink it warm. PRIME MINISTER CAMERON: It’s my pleasure to send you -- you can have it cold, it’s all right. (Laughter.) PRESIDENT OBAMA: Now, I want to say that all of us in the ed States deeply value the special relationship between the ed States and the ed Kingdom. And we have been very impressed with the leadership that David Cameron has shown thus far. He has, I think, taken a series of steps on some very tough issues and clearly is prepared to make difficult decisions on behalf of his vision for his country. We aly, I think, have established a strong working relationship, as have our teams. And we are confident that that special relationship is only going to get stronger in the months and years to come. We had an excellent conversation building off of the conversations that we’ve had at the G8 about the world economy and the importance of our two countries focusing both on the issues of growth, but also on the issues of financial consolidation, that we have long-term deficits that have to be dealt with and we have to address them. There are going to be differentiated responses between the two countries because of our different positions, but we are aiming at the same direction, which is long-term sustainable growth that puts people to work. At the same time, we had a extensive discussion about Afghanistan, and the alignment between our two countries in recognizing we have a serious threat to our safety and security that has to be addressed -- that we recognize the enormous sacrifices that both British troops and U.S. troops have been making for some time now, but we are convinced that we have the right strategy to provide the time and the space for the Afghan government to build up capacity over the next several months and years. And this period that we’re in right now is going to be critical both on the political front and on the military front, and there’s going to extremely close consultation between our two countries so that we can create a situation in which Afghanistan and Pakistan are able to maintain their effective security and those areas are not able to be used as launching pads for attacks against our people. We also discussed Iran, and I thanked David for his stalwart support of the ed Nations Security Resolution 1929 -- the toughest sanctions that have been imposed on the Iranian government through the ed Nations Security Council. We now have to make sure that we follow up in terms of implementation, and that was a major discussion point. And the key conclusion that we take out of this last day of conversations, and I suspect this will continue through the evening and tomorrow, is that on foreign policy issues the ed States and the ed Kingdom are not only aligned in theory but aligned in fact; that we see the world in a similar way, we continue to share the same concerns and also see the same strategic possibilities. And so I think this partnership is built on a rock-solid foundation and it’s only going to get stronger in the years to come. Thank you. And I think that may have been my phone going off, so I’m going -- (laughter.) PRIME MINISTER CAMERON: Glad it wasn’t mine. (Laughter.) Well, thank you -- thank you very much for that, and thank you for what you said about the relationship between our two countries, which I believe is incredibly strong, but as you say, I think can get stronger in the years ahead. We’ve had some very good conversations at the G8, and a very good meeting here today. I think particularly on the issue of Afghanistan, which is the number one foreign policy and security policy priority for my government, making progress this year, putting everything we have into getting it right this year, is vitally important. And we had very good conversations on that. And as you said, Barack, on all the issues we discussed over the weekend so far -- the Middle East peace process, Iran, how we take those forward, and the key relationships that we have in the Gulf and elsewhere -- we have a very close alignment and I think we can work together, and we want to support the work that’s being done. On the economy, you rightly say we have a big deficit problem which we have to address. But of course we want to do it in a way that encourages growth, and that’s why we’re focusing on spending reductions rather than on big tax increases. And I think it’s the right approach to take. And as we go into the G20, I think we can explain that we’re aiming at the same target, which is world growth and stability, but it means those countries that have big deficit problems like ours have to take -- have to take action in order to keep that level of confidence in the economy, which is absolutely vital to growth, to make sure it’s there. But it’s been great to have this opportunity to meet -- and the discussions that we had at the G8 and the G20 -- and thank you also for the lift between the two. It was -- he threatened to send me a bill, but as I said, times are very tight in the U.K. so I'm afraid we'll have to take it as a free lift. (Laughter.) PRESIDENT OBAMA: He was a model passenger. I want everybody to know he fastened his seat belt as he was supposed to. END [Nextpage相关报道]【相关报道】US President Barack Obama (R) and British Prime Minister David Cameron trade bottles of beer to settle a bet on the US-UK World Cup Soccer game during a meeting on the sidelines of the G20 Summit in Toronto. (Agencies)  US President Barack Obamaand British Prime Minister David Cameron toasted the "special relationship" between their two countries Saturday, swapping bottles of beer after a World Cup bet.  The pair, who travelled to Toronto for the G20 summit together in Obama's helicopter after technical issues groundedCameron's, clinked bottles after their first meeting since Cameron took office last month.  They hailed the "special relationship" between their two countries after exchanging the drinks following a bet on who would win this month's World Cup football game between England and the ed States which ended in a 1-1 draw.  Obama presented Cameron with a bottle of Goose Island 312 from his home city of Chicago, while Cameron gave Obama a bottle of Hobgoblin, which is made in his constituencyin Oxfordshire, west of London.  "I advised him that in America we drink our beer cold, so he has to put this in the refrigerator before he drinks it," the president joked.  On relations between the two countries, Obama told reporters that he and Cameron had "established a strong working relationship and we are confident that the special relationship is only going to get stronger in the months and years to come."  Cameron agreed, saying: "The relationship between our two countries I think is incredibly strong and I think can get stronger in the years ahead."  Britain is the second-largest contributor of troops to the war in Afghanistan after the ed States, but the two did not refer to the recent dismissal of General Stanley McChrystal, commander of US and NATO forces.  Nor did they publicly comment on BP, the British-based oil giant whose actions have drawn sharp criticism in the ed States over its handling of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, the worst environmental disaster in US history.  美国总统贝拉克 奥巴马和英国首相大卫 卡梅伦于上周六举杯共庆两国间的“特殊关系”,并互赠啤酒,履行两人间的一个“约定”。  这是卡梅伦于上月就任英国首相后与奥巴马的首次碰面。此前由于卡梅伦的专机出现技术故障,他搭乘奥巴马的直升飞机(译者注:从G8峰会现场)一同前往多伦多参加20国集团领导人峰会。  因英格兰和美国队在本届世界杯小组赛中1比1战平,两人在当天的会面中互赠啤酒履行赌约,此外两人在会面中还大赞两国间的“特殊关系”。  奥巴马送给卡梅伦一瓶他老家芝加哥所产的鹅岛312啤酒,卡梅伦则送给奥巴马一瓶他所在的选区、伦敦西部牛津郡产的一种叫做“淘气鬼”的啤酒。  奥巴马开玩笑说:“我跟他说美国人都喝冰镇啤酒,所以建议他在喝之前要把啤酒放在冰箱里冷藏一下。”  在谈及两国关系的问题时,奥巴马告诉记者说他和卡梅伦已经“建立起一种稳固的工作关系,我们相信这种特殊的关系在未来会变得更加牢固。”  卡梅伦对此表示同意,并称:“我认为我们两国间的关系十分牢固,我也认为这种关系在未来几年内还会更加稳固。”  英国是继美国之后向阿富汗派兵最多的国家,但当天两位领导人并未提及最近美军和北约部队总司令斯坦利 麦克里斯特尔被撤职一事。  他们也未公开谈及英国石油公司最近的漏油事件。总部位于英国的石油业巨头英国石油公司在处理墨西哥湾漏油事件上的一些所作所为遭到美国的尖锐指责。这一事件造成美国历史上最严重的环境灾难。本节资料来源:中国日报网201006/107320。
  • 本文本暂无音频President Bush Discusses Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008THE PRESIDENT: A short time ago, the House of Representatives passed a bill that is essential to helping America's economy weather the financial crisis. The Senate passed the same legislation on Wednesday night. And when Congress sends me the final bill, I'm going to sign it into law. There were moments this week when some thought the federal government could not rise to the challenge. But thanks to the hard work of members of both parties in both Houses -- and a spirit of cooperation between Capitol Hill and my administration -- we completed this bill in a timely manner. I'm especially grateful for the contributions of Speaker Nancy Pelosi, Minority Leader John Boehner, Majority Leader Steny Hoyer, Minority Whip Roy Blunt, Chairman Barney Frank, Ranking Member Spencer Bachus. By coming together on this legislation, we have acted boldly to help prevent the crisis on Wall Street from becoming a crisis in communities across our country. We have shown the world that the ed States of America will stabilize our financial markets and maintain a leading role in the global economy. A major problem in our financial system is that banks have restricted the flow of credit to businesses and consumers; many of the assets these banks are holding have lost value. The legislation Congress passed today addresses this problem head on by providing a variety of new tools to the government -- such as allowing us to purchase some of the troubled assets, and creating a new government insurance program that will guarantee the value of others. The bill also ensures that these new programs are carried out in a way that protects taxpayers. It prevents failed executives from receiving windfalls from taxpayers' dollars. It establishes a bipartisan board to oversee the plan's implementation. Taken together, these steps represent decisive action to ease the credit crunch that is now threatening our economy. With a smoother flow of credit, more businesses will be able to stock their shelves and meet their payrolls. More families will be able to get loans for cars and homes and college education. More state and local governments will be able to fund basic services. The bill includes other provisions to help American consumers and businesses. It includes tax incentives for businesses to invest and create jobs. It temporarily expands federal insurance for bank and credit union deposits from 0,000 to 0,000 -- a vital safeguard for consumers and small businesses. It provides families with relief from the Alternative Minimum Tax, which would otherwise increase taxes for 26 million taxpayers by an average of ,200. I know some Americans have concerns about this legislation, especially about the government's role and the bill's cost. As a strong supporter of free enterprise, I believe government intervention should occur only when necessary. In this situation, action is clearly necessary. And ultimately, the cost -- ultimately, the cost to taxpayers will be far less than the initial outlay. See, the government will purchase troubled assets and once the market recovers, it is likely that many of the assets will go up in value. And over time, Americans should expect that much -- if not all -- of the tax dollars we invest will be paid back. Americans should also expect that it will take some time for this legislation to have its full impact on our economy. Exercising the authorities in this bill in a responsible way will require a careful analysis and deliberation. This will be done as expeditiously as possible, but it cannot be accomplished overnight. We'll take the time necessary to design an effective program that achieves its objectives -- and does not waste taxpayer dollars. Our economy continues to face serious challenges. This morning, we learned that America lost jobs again in September -- disappointing news that underscores the urgency of the bill that Congress passed today. It will take more time and determined effort to get through this difficult period. But with confidence and leadership and bipartisan cooperation, we'll overcome the challenges we face, return our nation to a path of growth, and job creation, and long-term economic prosperity. Thank you. 200810/51646。
  • 年11月16日美国总统奥巴马在上海与中国青年对话。以下为奥巴马回答现场和网友提问实录:So -- I just want to make sure this works. This is a tradition, by the way, that is very common in the ed States at these town hall meetings. And what we're going to do is I will just -- if you are interested in asking a question, you can raise your hands. I will call on you. And then I will alternate between a question from the audience and an Internet question from one of the students who prepared the questions, as well as I think Ambassador Huntsman may have a question that we were able to obtain from the Web site of our embassy. 我只想确保这能进行得顺利。顺便提一句,这是一种在美国的这类直接对话会中十分常见的传统做法。我们要做的是——如果你想提问,就请举手。我会叫到你。我会交替回答现场观众的问题和学生们代为提出的来自互联网的问题,还有,我想洪培大使可能会提一个我们通过大使馆网站征集到的问题。So let me begin, though, by seeing -- and then what I'll do is I'll call on a boy and then a girl and then -- so we'll go back and forth, so that you know it's fair. All right? So I'll start with this young lady right in the front. Why don't we wait for this microphone so everyone can hear you. And what's your name?让我们开始吧,先看看——我来采取这样的做法:先叫一位男生,再叫一位女生,然后——这样轮流,以便大家认为公平。好吗?首先我要请前排这位年轻女士提问。请等一下拿到麦克风再讲,让大家都能听到。你叫什么名字?[现场提问]Q My name is (inaudible) and I am a student from Fudan University. Shanghai and Chicago have been sister cities since 1985, and these two cities have conduct a wide range of economic, political, and cultural exchanges. So what measures will you take to deepen this close relationship between cities of the ed States and China? And Shanghai will hold the World Exposition next year. Will you bring your family to visit the Expo? Thank you.问:我的名字叫(听不清),我是复旦大学的学生。自1985年以来,上海与芝加哥就结为了城市,两座城市在经济、政治和文化方面进行了各种广泛的的交流活动。那么,您将采取什么举措来加深美国与中国各城市间的这种紧密联系?上海将于明年举办世界览会。您会带着您的家人来参观世会吗?谢谢。PRESIDENT OBAMA: Well, thank you very much for the question. I was just having lunch before I came here with the Mayor of Shanghai, and he told me that he has had an excellent relationship with the city of Chicago -- my home town -- that he's visited there twice. And I think it's wonderful to have these exchanges between cities.奥巴马总统: 十分感谢你提出这个问题。我来这里之前,恰在与上海市长共进午餐,他告诉我,他与芝加哥市——我的家乡——有着极好的关系,他已经到芝加哥市访问过两次。我认为城市之间进行交流是非常好的事。One of the things that I discussed with the Mayor is how both cities can learn from each other on strategies around clean energy, because one of the issues that ties China and America together is how, with an expanding population and a concern for climate change, that we're able to reduce our carbon footprint. And obviously in the ed States and many developed countries, per capita, per individual, they are aly using much more energy than each individual here in China. But as China grows and expands, it's going to be using more energy as well. So both countries have a great interest in finding new strategies.我与上海市长讨论的内容之一是,两座城市如何能够在清洁能源战略上彼此学习,因为把中国与美国联系在一起的问题之一是:随着人口的增长和对气候变化的担忧,我们如何能够减少我们两国的碳足迹。显然,在美国和许多发达国家中,按人口、按每个人平均计算,他们使用的能源比起在中国这里的每个人使用的能源要多得多。但随着中国的增长和发展,它也将使用更多的能源。因此两国都十分想要找到新的战略。We talked about mass transit and the excellent rail lines that are being developed in Shanghai. I think we can learn in Chicago and the ed States some of the fine work that's being done on high-speed rail.我们谈到了公共交通及上海正在发展的优异的轨道线。我认为我们在芝加哥和美国可以从正在建造的精良的高速轨道工程中学习一些东西。In the ed States, I think we are learning how to develop buildings that use much less energy, that are much more energy-efficient. And I know that with Shanghai, as I traveled and I saw all the cranes and all the new buildings that are going up, it's very important for us to start incorporating these new technologies so that each building is energy-efficient when it comes to lighting, when it comes to heating. And so it's a terrific opportunity I think for us to learn from each other.在美国,我想我们正在学习建造使用更少能源、节能效率更高的建筑。而我知道,就上海来说——我一路过来看到那么多起重机和那么多正在建造中的新楼房,我们开始吸收这些新技术十分重要,从而将使每幢大楼在照明方面、在取暖方面都做到节能。因此我认为这是一个向彼此学习的很好的机会。I know this is going to be a major focus of the Shanghai World Expo, is the issue of clean energy, as I learned from the Mayor. And so I would love to attend. I'm not sure yet what my schedule is going to be, but I'm very pleased that we're going to have an excellent U.S. pavilion at the Expo, and I understand that we expect as many as 70 million visitors here. So it's going to be very crowded and it's going to be very exciting.我知道,清洁能源将成为上海世界览会的一个主要焦点——我从上海市长那里了解到这一点。因此我将乐于出席。我现在还无法确定我未来的日程安排;但我感到十分高兴的是,在上海世会里将有一个十分精的美国馆。我听说预计将有多达7000万人来参观。因此这里将会人山人海,而且会十分激动人心。Chicago has had two world expos in its history, and both of those expos ended up being tremendous boosts for the city. So I'm sure the same thing will happen here in Shanghai.芝加哥在历史上曾举办过两次世会,那两次世会都给这座城市带来了巨大推动力。我确信同样的情况会在上海这里出现。Thank you. (Applause.)谢谢。(掌声)Why don't we get one of the questions from the Internet? And introduce yourself, in case --让我们从网上的提问中选一个问题吧。请介绍你自己,万一 ……Q First shall I say it in Chinese, and then the English, okay?问:我先说中文,再说英语,好吗?PRESIDENT OBAMA: Yes.奥巴马总统:好的。[现场提问]问:我提的这个问题来自互联网。我要谢谢总统先生在您任期内第一年访问中国,在中国与我们交换意见。我想知道您这次访问中国给中国带来什么,您又将带什么回美国?(掌声)Q I want to pose a question from the Internet. I want to thank you, Mr. President, for visiting China in your first year in office, and exchange views with us in China. I want to know what are you bringing to China, your visit to China this time, and what will you bring back to the ed States? (Applause.)PRESIDENT OBAMA: The main purpose of my trip is to deepen my understanding of China and its vision for the future. I have had several meetings now with President Hu. We participated together in the G20 that was dealing with the economic financial crisis. We have had consultations about a wide range of issues. But I think it's very important for the ed States to continually deepen its understanding of China, just as it's important for China to continually deepen its understanding of the ed States.奥巴马总统:我这次访问的主要目的是,加深了解中国以及中国对未来的展望。我与胡主席已经有多次会晤。我们共同参加了应对经济金融危机的20国集团会议。我们就一系列广泛议题进行了磋商。但是我认为,美国继续加深对中国的了解非常重要,正如中国也同样需要继续加深了解美国。In terms of what I'd like to get out of this meeting, or this visit, in addition to having the wonderful opportunity to see the Forbidden City and the Great Wall, and to meet with all of you -- these are all highlights -- but in addition to that, the discussions that I intend to have with President Hu speak to the point that Ambassador Huntsman made earlier, which is there are very few global challenges that can be solved unless the ed States and China agree.至于我希望从这次会晤或从这次访问中看到什么成果,除了借这个绝好的机会参观故宫和长城,并与在座的各位见面——这些都是主要内容——我还打算与胡主席讨论一个要点,也就是洪培大使前面谈到的,没有美国和中国的共识,就无法战胜多少全球性的挑战。So let me give you a specific example, and that is the issue we were just discussing of climate change. The ed States and China are the world's two largest emitters of greenhouse gases, of carbon that is causing the planet to warm. Now, the ed States, as a highly developed country, as I said before, per capita, consumes much more energy and emits much more greenhouse gases for each individual than does China. On the other hand, China is growing at a much faster pace and it has a much larger population. So unless both of our countries are willing to take critical steps in dealing with this issue, we will not be able to resolve it.我来举一个具体例子,这就是我们刚刚谈到的气候变化问题。美国和中国是世界上最大的两个温室气体放排及碳排放国,这种排放导致地球变暖。如我在前面所说,美国作为一个高度发达的国家,人均能源消耗量和温室气体排放量比中国高得多。另一方面,中国的增长速度更快,人口更多。因此,除非我们两国有意愿在这个问题上采取关键步骤,否则我们就无法解决这个问题。There's going to be a Copenhagen conference in December in which world leaders are trying to find a recipe so that we can all make commitments that are differentiated so each country would not have the same obligations -- obviously China, which has much more poverty, should not have to do exactly the same thing as the ed States -- but all of us should have these certain obligations in terms of what our plan will be to reduce these greenhouse gases.在定于12月举行的哥本哈根会议上,世界领导人将努力寻找一项方案,使我们大家都能够作出各自不同的承诺,对各国承担的义务有所区分——显然,因为中国贫困人口多得多,因此不必采取与美国完全相同的行动——但是,在计划如何减少温室气体方面,我们大家都应承担一定的义务。So that's an example of what I hope to get out of this meeting -- a meeting of the minds between myself and President Hu about how together the ed States and China can show leadership. Because I will tell you, other countries around the world will be waiting for us. They will watch to see what we do. And if they say, ah, you know, the ed States and China, they're not serious about this, then they won't be serious either. That is the burden of leadership that both of our countries now carry. And my hope is, is that the more discussion and dialogue that we have, the more we are able to show this leadership to the world on these many critical issues. Okay? (Applause.)这个例子说明了我希望在这次会晤中看到什么成果——我将与胡主席交换想法,讨论美中两国如何能够共同发挥领导作用。因为,我可以告诉你们,世界上其他国家将等待着我们。他们将观察我们的行动。如果他们认为美国和中国并不认真对待这个问题,那么他们也就不会认真对待它。这是我们两国现在肩负的领导责任。我的希望是,通过越来越多的讨论和对话,我们能够向世界更多地展示我们在许多这些关键问题上的领导作用。好不好?(掌声)All right, it's a -- I think it must be a boy's turn now. Right? So I'll call on this young man right here.好吧,下面该轮到男生了,对吗?我来请这位小伙子提问。[现场提问]问:总统先生,下午好。我来自同济大学。我想引用孔子的一句话:“有朋自远方来不亦乐乎”。在《论语》中有一句名言叫和而不同。中国倡导一个和谐世界。我们知道美国形成了一种以多元化为特点的文化,请问您的这届政府会采取哪些措施来建设一个由不同文化组成的多元化世界?您会采取哪些措施尊重其他国家不同的文化和历史?我们将来能进行哪些合作?Q (As translated.) Mr. President, good afternoon. I'm from Tongji University. I want to cite a saying from Confucius: "It is always good to have a friend coming from afar." In Confucius books, there is a great saying which says that harmony is good, but also we uphold differences. China advocates a harmonious world. We know that the ed States develops a culture that features diversity. I want to know, what will your government do to build a diversified world with different cultures? What would you do to respect the different cultures and histories of other countries? And what kinds of cooperation we can conduct in the future?PRESIDENT OBAMA: This is an excellent point. The ed States, one of our strengths is that we are a very diverse culture. We have people coming from all around the world. And so there's no one definition of what an American looks like. In my own family, I have a father who was from Kenya; I have a mother who was from Kansas, in the Midwest of the ed States; my sister is half-Indonesian; she's married to a Chinese person from Canada. So when you see family gatherings in the Obama household, it looks like the ed Nations. (Laughter.)奥巴马总统:这一点提得非常好。美国的优势之一就是我们有一种非常多元化的文化。我们那里有来自世界各地的人。因此,对于美国人长什么样不能一言以蔽之。以我自己的家庭为例,我父亲来自肯尼亚,我母亲来自美国中西部的堪萨斯州,我有一半的印度尼西亚血统,她又嫁给了一位华裔加拿大人。因此,我们奥巴马全家的聚会就像联合国一样。(笑声)11/89729。
  • John F. KennedyCivil Rights AddressGood evening, my fellow citizens:This afternoon, following a series of threats and defiant statements, the presence of Alabama National Guardsmen was required on the University of Alabama to carry out the final and unequivocal order of the ed States District Court of the Northern District of Alabama. That order called for the admission of two clearly qualified young Alabama residents who happened to have been born Negro. That they were admitted peacefully on the campus is due in good measure to the conduct of the students of the University of Alabama, who met their responsibilities in a constructive way.I hope that every American, regardless of where he lives, will stop and examine his conscience about this and other related incidents. This Nation was founded by men of many nations and backgrounds. It was founded on the principle that all men are created equal, and that the rights of every man are diminished when the rights of one man are threatened.Today, we are committed to a worldwide struggle to promote and protect the rights of all who wish to be free. And when Americans are sent to Vietnam or West Berlin, we do not ask for whites only. It oughta be possible, therefore, for American students of any color to attend any public institution they select without having to be backed up by troops. It oughta to be possible for American consumers of any color to receive equal service in places of public accommodation, such as hotels and restaurants and theaters and retail stores, without being forced to resort to demonstrations in the street, and it oughta be possible for American citizens of any color to register and to vote in a free election without interference or fear of reprisal. It oughta to be possible, in short, for every American to enjoy the privileges of being American without regard to his race or his color. In short, every American ought to have the right to be treated as he would wish to be treated, as one would wish his children to be treated. But this is not the case.The Negro baby born in America today, regardless of the section of the State in which he is born, has about one-half as much chance of completing a high school as a white baby born in the same place on the same day, one-third as much chance of completing college, one-third as much chance of becoming a professional man, twice as much chance of becoming unemployed, about one-seventh as much chance of earning ,000 a year, a life expectancy which is 7 years shorter, and the prospects of earning only half as much.This is not a sectional issue. Difficulties over segregation and discrimination exist in every city, in every State of the Union, producing in many cities a rising tide of discontent that threatens the public safety. Nor is this a partisan issue. In a time of domestic crisis men of good will and generosity should be able to unite regardless of party or politics. This is not even a legal or legislative issue alone. It is better to settle these matters in the courts than on the streets, and new laws are needed at every level, but law alone cannot make men see right. We are confronted primarily with a moral issue. It is as old as the Scriptures and is as clear as the American Constitution.The heart of the question is whether all Americans are to be afforded equal rights and equal opportunities, whether we are going to treat our fellow Americans as we want to be treated. If an American, because his skin is dark, cannot eat lunch in a restaurant open to the public, if he cannot send his children to the best public school available, if he cannot vote for the public officials who will represent him, if, in short, he cannot enjoy the full and free life which all of us want, then who among us would be content to have the color of his skin changed and stand in his place? Who among us would then be content with the counsels of patience and delay?One hundred years of delay have passed since President Lincoln freed the slaves, yet their heirs, their grandsons, are not fully free. They are not yet freed from the bonds of injustice. They are not yet freed from social and economic oppression. And this Nation, for all its hopes and all its boasts, will not be fully free until all its citizens are free. We preach freedom around the world, and we mean it, and we cherish our freedom here at home, but are we to say to the world, and much more importantly, to each other that this is the land of the free except for the Negroes; that we have no second-class citizens except Negroes; that we have no class or caste system, no ghettoes, no master race except with respect to Negroes?Now the time has come for this Nation to fulfill its promise. The events in Birmingham and elsewhere have so increased the cries for equality that no city or State or legislative body can prudently choose to ignore them. The fires of frustration and discord are burning in every city, North and South, where legal remedies are not at hand. Redress is sought in the streets, in demonstrations, parades, and protests which create tensions and threaten violence and threaten lives.We face, therefore, a moral crisis as a country and a people. It cannot be met by repressive police action. It cannot be left to increased demonstrations in the streets. It cannot be quieted by token moves or talk. It is a time to act in the Congress, in your State and local legislative body and, above all, in all of our daily lives. It is not enough to pin the blame on others, to say this a problem of one section of the country or another, or deplore the facts that we face. A great change is at hand, and our task, our obligation, is to make that revolution, that change, peaceful and constructive for all. Those who do nothing are inviting shame, as well as violence. Those who act boldly are recognizing right, as well as reality.Next week I shall ask the Congress of the ed States to act, to make a commitment it has not fully made in this century to the proposition that race has no place in American life or law. The Federal judiciary has upheld that proposition in a series of forthright cases. The Executive Branch has adopted that proposition in the conduct of its affairs, including the employment of Federal personnel, the use of Federal facilities, and the sale of federally financed housing. But there are other necessary measures which only the Congress can provide, and they must be provided at this session. The old code of equity law under which we live commands for every wrong a remedy, but in too many communities, in too many parts of the country, wrongs are inflicted on Negro citizens and there are no remedies at law. Unless the Congress acts, their only remedy is the street.I am, therefore, asking the Congress to enact legislation giving all Americans the right to be served in facilities which are open to the public -- hotels, restaurants, theaters, retail stores, and similar establishments. This seems to me to be an elementary right. Its denial is an arbitrary indignity that no American in 1963 should have to endure, but many do.I have recently met with scores of business leaders urging them to take voluntary action to end this discrimination, and I have been encouraged by their response, and in the last two weeks over 75 cities have seen progress made in desegregating these kinds of facilities. But many are unwilling to act alone, and for this reason, nationwide legislation is needed if we are to move this problem from the streets to the courts.I'm also asking the Congress to authorize the Federal Government to participate more fully in lawsuits designed to end segregation in public education. We have succeeded in persuading many districts to desegregate voluntarily. Dozens have admitted Negroes without violence. Today, a Negro is attending a State-supported institution in every one of our 50 States, but the pace is very slow.Too many Negro children entering segregated grade schools at the time of the Supreme Court's decision nine years ago will enter segregated high schools this fall, having suffered a loss which can never be restored. The lack of an adequate education denies the Negro a chance to get a decent job.The orderly implementation of the Supreme Court decision, therefore, cannot be left solely to those who may not have the economic resources to carry the legal action or who may be subject to harassment.Other features will be also requested, including greater protection for the right to vote. But legislation, I repeat, cannot solve this problem alone. It must be solved in the homes of every American in every community across our country. In this respect I wanna pay tribute to those citizens North and South who've been working in their communities to make life better for all. They are acting not out of sense of legal duty but out of a sense of human decency. Like our soldiers and sailors in all parts of the world they are meeting freedom's challenge on the firing line, and I salute them for their honor and their courage.My fellow Americans, this is a problem which faces us all -- in every city of the North as well as the South. Today, there are Negroes unemployed, two or three times as many compared to whites, inadequate education, moving into the large cities, unable to find work, young people particularly out of work without hope, denied equal rights, denied the opportunity to eat at a restaurant or a lunch counter or go to a movie theater, denied the right to a decent education, denied almost today the right to attend a State university even though qualified. It seems to me that these are matters which concern us all, not merely Presidents or Congressmen or Governors, but every citizen of the ed States.This is one country. It has become one country because all of us and all the people who came here had an equal chance to develop their talents. We cannot say to ten percent of the population that you can't have that right; that your children cannot have the chance to develop whatever talents they have; that the only way that they are going to get their rights is to go in the street and demonstrate. I think we owe them and we owe ourselves a better country than that.Therefore, I'm asking for your help in making it easier for us to move ahead and to provide the kind of equality of treatment which we would want ourselves; to give a chance for every child to be educated to the limit of his talents.As I've said before, not every child has an equal talent or an equal ability or equal motivation, but they should have the equal right to develop their talent and their ability and their motivation, to make something of themselves.We have a right to expect that the Negro community will be responsible, will uphold the law, but they have a right to expect that the law will be fair, that the Constitution will be color blind, as Justice Harlan said at the turn of the century.This is what we're talking about and this is a matter which concerns this country and what it stands for, and in meeting it I ask the support of all our citizens.Thank you very much.200805/39824。
  • Download Video: mp4 (159MB) | mp3 (15MB) Download Video: mp4 (159MB) | mp3 (15MB) Helping every American with autism achieve their full potential is one of this administration’s top priorities. At the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, we continue to strive to meet the complex needs of all people with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and their families. While there is no cure, early intervention is critical and can greatly improve a child’s development.Perhaps the biggest step we’ve taken to support those affected by autism and their families happened over a year ago, with the signing of the Affordable Care Act. Now, new insurance plans are required to cover autism screening and developmental assessments for children at no cost to parents. Insurers will also no longer be allowed to deny children coverage for a pre-existing condition such as ASD or to set arbitrary lifetime or annual limits on benefits.Also, thanks to the new law, young adults are allowed to stay on their family health insurance until they turn 26. For a young adult with autism spectrum disorder and their family, that means peace of mind. It means more flexibility, more options, and more opportunity to reach their full potential.Ultimately, there is more support for Americans with autism than ever before. This means more promise of new breakthroughs that will help us understand autism even better. But in order to continue meeting the needs of people with autism, the Combating Autism Act must be fully reauthorized. We still have a long way to go. Working collaboratively with important partners, the Affordable Care Act and the Combating Autism Act will allow us to continue important research and develop and refine vital treatments.There are still many unknowns. However, one thing is certain. We will continue to work harder than ever to find solutions and provide support to individuals with ASD and their families. Together, we can help reduce disparities and allow everyone to actualize their greatest potential.Kathleen Sebelius is Secretary of Health and Human Services.美国健康和人力资源部秘书凯思琳#8226; 西贝利厄斯201104/133925。
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