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2018年02月24日 23:40:44来源:爱分类

美国习惯用语 - Lesson 1 - give one a hand foot the bill -- :: 来源: give me a handfoot the billblow outlock, stock and barrelhook, line and sinker每一种语言都有它独特的成语和俗语而学习外语的人经常在理解这些习惯用语时会感到很困难这是因为你不可能从组成某个习惯用语的字面上来懂得它的意思比如,美国人经常说:"Give me a hand." 照字面来理解, "give me hand"就是"给我一只手"可是,它的意思却是"帮我一下忙"另外一个例子是: "Foot the bill.""Foot"的意思是 "一只脚",而"bill"在这儿的解释是"账单""Foot the bill."并不是把帐单踩在脚底下,而是付账的意思另外,有的时候,一个词汇有好几种解释就拿下面一句话来作例子吧:例句-1:"We arrived two hours late at the big blow-out Charlie's birthday because our car had a blow-out."这句话里第一个blow-out是指规模很大的聚会,第二个blow-out是指汽车的轮胎炸了整个句子的意思是:"由于我们车胎炸了,所以我们晚了两个小时才到达查理举行生日宴会的地方"还有一些习惯用语从字典上的意思来看是相同的,但是它们使用的场合却不同下面两个习惯用语就是很好的例子一个是"Lock, stock and barrel",另外一个是:"Hook, line and sinker"Lock, stock and barrel和Hook, line and sinker都是全部的意思,可是用法却不同我们先来举一个Lock, stock and barrel的例子:例句-:"Mr. Rockefeller bought the whole oil company lock, stock and barrel."这句话的意思是:"洛克菲勒先生把整个石油公司买了下来"换句话说,也就是他买了这个石油公司的大楼丶油井和其他属于这个公司的资产Hook, line and sinker虽然也和lock, stock and barrel一样是全部的意思,可是它还带有受骗的意思例如:例句-3:"I warned Sally not to believe that man's stories about how rich he was, but she swallowed them hook, line and sinker. After she married him, she found out that he owed everyone in his office money."他说:"我告诉沙利不要相信那个男人说的他多么有钱之类的话可是沙利却一点都没有怀疑他等到结婚才发现这个人几乎向每个同事都借了钱"刚才我们讲解了在学英语过程中经常会碰到的一些问题有些习惯用语从字面上看不出它们的确切意思,例如:give me a hand和foot the bill另外还有些习惯用语在不同场合却表达不同的意思,如blow out还有一些俗语,它们在字典上的解释是相同的,但是却有不同的用法,就像lock, stock and barrel和hook, line and sinker好,「美国习惯用语」第一讲就到里欢迎下次再一起来学习美国习惯用语再见 美国 用语。

  • 想得到的多就永远不要奢望太多智者不会在意他们得不到的东西 On Achieving SuccessWe cannot travel every path. Success must be won along one line. We must make our business the one life purpose to which every other must be subordinate1).I hate a thing done by halves). If it be right, do it boldly. If it be wrong, leave it undone.The men of history were not perpetually3) looking into the mirror to make sure of their own size. Absorbed in their work they did it. They did it so well that the wondering world sees them to be great, and labeled) them accordingly.To live with a high ideal is a successful life. It is not what one does, but what one tries to do, that makes a man strong.“Eternal vigilance5),” it has been said,“is the price of liberty.” With equal truth it may be said,“Unceasing eft is the price of success.” If we do not work with our might, others will; and they will outstrip6) us in the race, and pluck the prize from our grasp. Success grows less and less dependent on luck and chance. Self-distrust is the cause of most of our failures. The great and indispensable7) help to success is character. Character is a crystallized8) habit, the result of training and conviction9). Every character is influenced by heredity), environment and education. But these apart, if every man were not to be a great extent the architect of his own character, he would be a fatalist), and irresponsible creature of circumstances. Instead of saying that man is a creature of circumstance, it would be nearer the mark to say that man is the architect of circumstance. From the same materials one man builds palaces, another hovel). Bricks and mortar) are mortar and bricks, until the architect can make them something else. The true way to gain much is never to desire to gain too much. Wise men don’t care what they can’t have. 91858。
  • 地道口语:用英语表达“顺其自然” -- :5:30 来源:   1. Don't trouble trouble until trouble troubles you  别自找麻烦了,顺其自然吧  . Some of us like to have our future mapped out, others like to go with the flow  有些人喜欢规划未来,有些人喜欢顺其自然  3. It's best to take the world as you find it, then you won't be disappointed  还是顺其自然最好,这样,你就不会失望了  . Be that as it may, I'll leave it as it is  无论如何我们也只能听其自然  5. Since there is nothing we can do, why not let nature take its course?  既然我们无能为力,何不顺其自然呢?  6. Your opposition won't make any difference, just let it be  你反对也不能起什么作用,顺其自然吧  7. We will cross the bridge until we come to it  走一步看一步吧,顺其自然  8. Whatever will be, will be  万事不必苛求,顺其自然 表达 英语 口语 地道。
  • Extend the Miraclemy skills, my mind, my heart, and my body will stagnate, rot, and die lest I put them to good use. I have unlimited potential. Only a small portion of my brain do I employ; only a paltry amount of my muscles do I flex. A hundredfold or more can I increase my accomplishments of yesterday and this I will do, beginning today. Nevermore will I be satisfied with yesterday's accomplishments nor will I indulge, anymore, in self-praise deeds which in reality are too small to even acknowledge. I can accomplish far more than I have, and I will, why should the miracle which produced me end with my birth? Why can I not extend that miracle to my deeds of today? And I am not on this earth by chance. I am here a purpose and that purpose is to grow into a mountain, not to shrink to a grain of sand. Henceth will I apply all my efts to become the highest mountain of all and I will strain my potential until it cries mercy. I have been given eyes to see and a mind to think and now I know a great secret of life I perceive, at last, that all my problems, discouragements, and heartaches are, in truth, great opporties in disguise. I will no longer be fooled by the garments they wear mine eyes are open. I will look beyond the cloth and I will not be deceived. 8300。
  • 英语常用课堂口语 -- :38: 来源: 要求英语上课,先总结下常用课堂口语分别从不同的地方找到的1. Class begins. 上课6. Sit down, please. 请坐7. —Who's on duty today? —今天谁值日?8. —I am. —我值日9. —Is everyone here? —都到齐了吗?. —Are you all here? —都出席了吗?. —Yes. —全都出席了. —No, Li Ming is absent. —不,李明缺席(没到). —Li Ming is ill. —李明病了. —May I come in? —我可以进来吗?. —Yes, you may. —可以. —Of course you may. —当然可以. —Yes, please do. —请进18. Come in, please. 请进19. Don't be late next time. 下次别再迟到了. —What day is today? —今天是星期几?1. —Today is Monday(Tuesday,Wednesday, —今天是星期一(星期二,星期三,Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday) 星期四,星期五,星期六,星期日). —What day is tomorrow? —明天是星期几?3. —Tomorrow is Monday. —明天是星期一. —What day was yesterday? —昨天是星期几?5. —Yesterday was Monday. —昨天是星期一 6. —What's the weather like today? —今天天气怎样?7. —It's fine. —今天天晴. —It's cloudy. —今天多云9. —It's windy. —今天有风30. —It's raining. —今天下雨31. Don't talk. 别说话3. Stop talking. 别说话了33. Silence, please. 请安静. Please be quiet. 请安静35. Sit up(straight). 坐直36. Let't have a daily talk. 我们来进行日常对话37. We are going to have a new lesson today. 今天我们上新课38. Today we are going to have a revision. 今天我们上复习课39. Listen, please. 请听0. Listen to me carefully. 仔细听1. Now listen and repeat. 现在先听, 然后重复. Listen to the tape recording. 请听录音3. Look at my mouth. 请注意我的口型. Say it after me. 跟我说5. Read after me. 跟我读6. Say these words (sentences) after me. 跟我说这些单词(句子)7. Read slowly and clearly. 慢慢地、清清楚楚地读8. Louder, please. 请大声读9. Don't murmur. 说话声音别太小50. Say it again. 再说一遍51. Once more. 再来一遍5. Think it over. 想一想53. Try again. 再试一试5. That抯 better. 好些了55. How do you pronounce this word? 这个单词怎么发音?56. Spell this word. 拼这个单词57. Spell the word “Wednesday”. 拼单词“Wednesday”58. Who can spell the word “brother”? 谁能拼“brother”这词?59. How do you spell the word “box”? 你怎么拼单词“box”?60. The letter“a”is pronouced as [Z] 这个单词中字母“a”读作[Z]in this word.61. The letter“t”is silent in the word 单词“often”中的字母“t”“often”. 不发音6. The letter“e”in “plane” is not “plane”中的字母“e”不发音pronounced.63. Look at this group of words on the 看黑板上的单词他们含有相同blackboard. They have the same vowel 的元音,不是吗?sound, don't they?6. What's the meaning of this word? 这个单词的词意是什么?65. Put it into Chinese. 把它译成汉语66. Put it into English. 把它译成英语67. Say it in English. 用英语讲68. Answer in English. 用英语回答69. What's the Chinese “bike”? “bike”的中文意思是什么?70. What's the English “公共汽车”? 英语“公共汽车”怎么说?71. Please put up your hands. 请举手7. Put down your hands. 把手放下73. Come to the front. 到前面来7. Come to the blackboard. 到黑板前来75. Go to the blackboard. 到黑板那去76. Go back to your seat(seats). 回到座位上去77. Look at the cards. 看卡片78. Look at the blackboard, please. 请看黑板79. Look at the slide. 看幻灯80. Look at the pictures. 看图片81. Say something about the picture. 谈谈这张图画8. Ask your classmates to answer your 请你的同学们回答这个(你的)问question. 题83. Answer my questions, please. 请回答我的问题8. —Can you answer this question? —你能回答这个问题吗?85. —Let me try. —我来试试86. —Sorry, I can抰. —对不起我不会87. Who can help him (her)? 谁能帮助他(她)?88. Don't be afraid. 不要害怕89. Don't be nervous. 不要紧张90. Next, please. 下一个,请91. You, please. 你,请9. Who'll have a try? 谁愿试一下?93. Will you have a try? 你来试试好吗?9. Any volunteers? 谁愿回答?95. Let's say the dialogue. 我们来对话96. Practise the dialogue in pairs. 两人一组练习对话97. Read the dialogue. You part A. 读对话你读A部分98. Let's act out the dialogue. 我们来表演对话99. I'd like to have two pupils come up 我想请两位同学上来对话here and say the dialogue.0. Wang Hai will be A, and Li Hong 王海充当“A”,李红充当will be B. “B”1. Let's do pattern drills. 我们来做句型练习1. Don't look at your textbooks. 别看你的课本1. Close your books. 把书合起来1. Open your books at page 53. 把书打开, 翻到53页1. Turn back to page 50. 翻回到50页1. Read by yourselves. 你们自己读1. Please the text. 请读课文1. Please the first paragraph. 请读第一段1. Read in chorus. Ready, start. 齐声朗读准备,开始1. Go on, please. 请继续1. That'll do. 可以了1. Stop here. 停下1. Do you understand? 懂了吗?1. Any questions? 有问题吗?1. May I ask a question? 我可以提个问题吗?6. Any more questions? 还有问题吗?7. Let's do some written exercises. 我们来做书面练习8. Take out your exercise-books. 拿出你们的练习本9. Let's have a dictation. 我们来听写1. I'll again. Please check up. 我再读一遍, 请核对. Have you finished? 完成了吗?3. Time is up. 时间到了. Stop writing. 别写了5. Hand in your exercise-books, please. 请把你们的练习本交上来6. Pass your exercise-books to the front. 把练习本传到前面来7. —Any mistakes? —有错吗?—Yes.(No.) —有(没有)8. —Correct it(them), please. —请改正9. —Is that right(correct)? —对吗?—Yes. (No.) —对(不对)0. That's wrong. 错了1. All right. 对. That's right. 对3. Very good. 很好1. That's not quite right. 不完全对5. Let's sing a song. (Let's sing songs.) 我们来唱歌6. Let's play a game. (Let's play games.) 我们来做游戏7. today's homework, make sentences 今天的家庭作业是用黑板上的单with the words on the blackboard. 词造句8. homework,copy the new words and 家庭作业是抄生词和句型练习,drills. Do Exercise on page 37. 做37页上的练习9. Write from memory the English alphabet 默写英文字母(大小写)(both in capital and small letters).0. Recite the letters from A to G. 背字母A至G1. Learn the dialogue by heart. 背对话. Put in the missing letters. 填入所缺的字母3. Give the plural ms of these words. 给出下列单词的复数形式. Turn these sentences into interrogative 把下列句子改成疑问句并回答sentences and then answer them.5. Make these sentences negative,then 把下列句子改成否定句和疑问interrogative. 句6. There will be a test on Lesson 6 下周一进行第六课测验next Monday.7. That's all today. 今天的课就上到这里8. Class is over. 下课了9. Goodbye! 再见!0. See you tomorrow! 明天见!Turn to Page 5, please.Good morning, class.Good afternoon, my students.Can you translate this sentence into English?Follow me, please.Attention, please.Good.Fine.Very nice.Great.Let's play a game.See you next time.Goodbye.Let's begin our class.Class is over.any questions?did u catch me?did u catch what i said?ok, let's move on.understand?二、Expression In Class 课堂用语. May I come in? 我能进来吗?. Come in, please. 请进18. Sit down, please. 请坐19. It's time class. 上课时间到了. Open your books and turn to page . 打开书,翻到第页1. I'll call the roll bee class. 课前我要点名. Here! 到!3. Has everybody got a sheet? 每个人都拿到材料了吗?. Any different opinion? 有不同意见吗?5. Are you with me? 你们跟上我讲的了吗?6. Have I made myself clear? 我讲明白了吗?7. Could you say it again? 你能再说一遍吗?. Any questions? 有什么问题吗?9. That's all today. 今天就讲到这里30. Please turn in your paper bee leaving. 请在离开前将论文交Class begins.开始上课.Stand up.起立Good morning (afternoonevening), everyone (boys and girls).早上好,同学们!Good morning (afternoonevening), teacher..早上好,老师!Take your seat, please.Sit down, please.请坐Who is on duty today?今天谁值日?It's me.是我Would you please tell me what we learned yesterdayin the Last Leason?你能告诉我我们昨天上到哪里了吗?I'd like to. Sorry, I don't know.对不起,我不知道.Let's check your answers to the excercises.我们来检查一下你们的.Let's look at Excersie . Number1,which one to choose?让我们来做一下练习的第1题,该选择哪一个?C.选C.OK,C? 好,是C吗?Good. it's D.很好,是D.(How about) the next?那么,下一题呢?Today we will come to Part one of two. Please turn to page 3 and about it, and then please answer me some question, OK? 今天我们学习第二章第一节.请把课本翻到第3页,先阅读,后回答我的问题,好吗?OK.好.Are you y?准备好了吗?Yes.准备好了.Now, Liu Ying, please?那么,刘英你来回答.Yes……好的.Is heshe right? OK, very good. No, who can? (who will have a try?)她的对吗?好,很好,是对的.不对,还有谁会?(谁来试一下?)Yes.好的.Now, listen to me, I will explain (some important points……)in Chinese. Please pay attention.现在,请听我说,我来用中文解释(重点是……),请注意啦!Do you understand? Are you clear?明白了吗?Yes.明白了Now homework, please do excersie 5,6 and 8.and hand them in tomorrow morning. OK?下面是家庭作业,请做练习5、6、8,要在明天早上交上来,好吗?OK.好Now so much today, class is over.今天的课就上这儿,下课!Stand up. 起立Thanks, everyone. Class.Boys and girls.同学们,再见Thanks,teacher.谢谢老师!*I wonder if the prof took attendance aly. prof=professor,take attendance 点名*God, I only missed two classes and I'm aly out of it.be out of it 是跟不上的意思,所以得 catch up with them ASAP*Hey, I got the whole info from the upperclassman.info=inmation, upperclassman 学长,也可能学长为seniors或 older guys*That guy is a tough nut. I guess this class is a bear!难缠的老师称为 tough nut,bear表示很难的科目* I struggle words when asked a sudden question.struggle words 难以回答 英语 口语 课堂。
  • 口语小词学到位:避免不必要的麻烦(7) -01-7 :: 来源: J61: How many fingers are you?有一天,与丈夫及女儿去超市购物,在排队check out时在我们前面的一位老先生逗我女儿玩.老先生问她:"How many fingers are you?"我女儿举起双手表示有十个手指,但我丈夫却回答:"Two!"我以质疑的眼光看着丈夫,表示不解.后来我才知道,"How many fingers are you?"其实是问小孩子[你几岁?].还好当时我没代女儿回答,不然就难堪了.J6: Silent collection老板Mike总是喜欢把口袋里的钱弄得响来响去,有次我笑着说他一定很有钱.他回答说,开水不响,响水不开,有钱人不见得看得出,乞丐也可能是个大富翁.又问我知不知道教堂做礼拜最后一项的Silent collection是指什么.我说当然知道,就是大家静静地,不要说话把钱捐到盛钱的地方就是了,他听了大笑,告诉我美语俚语中的Silent collection, Silent已用引申意.所谓Silent collection是指要纸币或票而响响的零钱是不在接受之列的.老板意在告诉我他不属于有钱之类,同时也让我学会这一词语,以后一旦遇到 Silent collection不至真的闹出大笑话.collection : collecting (collect1 3) of money during a church service or a meeting (在教堂礼拜或聚会期间的)募捐:* The collection will be taken (up)made after the sermon. 教堂讲道之后将进行募捐.* a collection famine relief 赈济饥民的募捐.J63: Jump?初来美国的小弟,买了一部二手车,一个寒冷的冬日清晨,他赶着去上第一堂早课, 车子偏偏在此刻出了毛病,怎么也发不动,他一情急,开口问一个路过的美国年轻人"Can you give me a jump?"那年轻人犹豫了一下,然后很爽快地说声"没问题."小弟以为他马上去开他的车子来帮忙,正准备拿Jumping cable,却不料那年轻人在原地跳了一下就走了,小弟这才恍然大悟.他应该说"Can you jump my car?"或请他帮忙之类的话.J6: Are you kidding?记得有一次,我租了一卷有中文字幕的西片,可能是因为盗版的关系,片子的品质不好,翻译也十分拙劣.我看到一段男女主角对话,中文字幕翻译如下: 女:你是肯汀吗? 男:不,我是塞尔维斯.我当时就觉得不太对劲,倒带再听一遍,发现原来女主角说的是Are you kidding? (你是开玩笑的吧?)男主角回答No, I am serious.(不,我是认真地.)这实在是让人啼笑皆非,翻译得太离谱了,我很想问一下翻译者:Are you kidding?J65: A song and danceJack 和我是好友,一日我们相约去纽约上州玩.不料中途我们开的车抛锚了,我们只得将车推至最近的一家Bodyshop去修理.出乎我们的意料,车很快就修好了.我们都很高兴,Jack说了一句:"They didn't give us a song and dance."我一听就胡涂了,便问:" Are we supposed to watch some show here?" Jack一听便笑了,说他的意思是修车工修车效率很高,没有找借口拖延修车时间.我这才明白过来"a song and dance"在此是找借口应付的意思.(make) a song and `dance (about sth) (infml derog 口, 贬) (make) a great fuss (about sth), usu unnecessarily (对某事物)小题大作: * You may be a bit upset, but it's really nothing to make a song and dance about. 你尽管有些苦恼, 但实在不必小题大作J66: What's the damage?有天在餐厅打工,当我把客人的外卖包好拿给他时,他对我说了" What's the damage?"我一听改忙再将外卖打开重新检查是否有什么破了漏了的,然后再对他说"No damage"只见他微笑地对我说我是问你"How much do I have to pay you?"原来是这样,我原来还以为他看到什么汤汤水水倒了,弄损了他的外卖.what's the `damage? (idm 习语) (Brit infml 口) what doesdid sth cost? 某物要多少钱?:`I need a new coat.' ‘我需要件新外衣了.’`Oh yes? What's the damage?' ‘是吗? 要花多少钱?’J67: Get out这是我,个人遇到的笑话有一回在学校,朋友向我抱怨她修的会计课有多难.我回答她说:"跟你比起来我实在幸运很多,因为我的期中考是带回家写的."话才一说完,她就用很强烈的口气对我说 :"Get out!".我被她的反应吓到了,心想就算?忌妒我,也不应该叫我"滚"才对.后来我才知道"Get out!"是一句俚语,表示很讶异,中文可译为[怎么可能!!]J68: 小心你的语言虽说台湾人一窝蜂在学英文,人家老外学中文的也日渐增多,我就遇到几次美国人主动跑来跟我说"中文",也有几次在地铁看到他们在读中文书.最值得一提的是, 有次我看到一个长的不错的金发男子在读英文版的"水浒传"喔~.不要问我英文的水浒传怎么念,我也不知道,我知道他在读水浒传是因为那本书上写着大大的" 水浒传"三个中文字.一次我堂和她朋友一起去超市买菜,看见樱桃在打折(on sale),于是就跑去挑樱桃,正当挑得正高兴时,一个美国胖胖的妇女挤过来,我堂很生气的用中文骂了一句"这个死胖子真讨厌,一直挤过来.",没想到对方拿起樱桃用"字正腔圆"的中文说了一句"这个樱桃真好吃",话毕,我堂和她朋友被那妇人吓地马上溜走了.由这个笑话得知,下次要在外国人面前骂他, 还得小心一点才是.J69: 不要担心?我在读语言学校时 ,认识了许多朋友,常和那些朋友一同吃饭、出去玩.有一次和他们一块过马路时,其中一位非州同学突然对我说一句中文--"不要担心"我听了好讶异,并问他是谁教他这句中文的,他笑笑不语.于是我叫他再说一次,才发现他说的是"pay attention"[小心点],而不是"不要担心".这好比前一阵子我看到有人说英文的拿去[take it],和台语的[拿去],音还蛮像的咧!J70: 电话卡第一次来美国是到美西,当然也没有错过拉斯韦加斯.为了打电话报平安,我需要一张电话卡,于是我到旅馆的柜台去问,可惜我的英文发音不好,说买"phone card",说成"phone car",害对方听得一愣一愣的,搞不清楚我要的是什么.后来好不容易买到一张电话卡(向导游买),我便很高兴的去公用电话亭打电话,没想到没有一电话上有孔让我插入我手上的那张电话卡,一时不知如何拨电话,只好再去打扰柜台."这张电话卡要插在那里阿?",我问.她听完笑笑地告诉我,"只要拿起电话筒,照电话卡上的数字就可以了",我才恍然大悟.美国的电话卡不像台湾一样是插卡式的.另外,千万不能让别人看见你电话卡上的密码,不然那个人就算没有你的电话卡也可以用你的密码打电话.还有美国的电话卡上面有标示"有效期限",最好在期限内用完 .PS.电话卡使用步骤:1.输出电话卡上1800的免费电话号码..输入卡上的密码.3.输入你要打的目的地电话号码. 麻烦 必要 避免 到位。
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