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广州番禺那家妇科医院最好美养生广州治疗宫颈糜烂的医院哪里好

2019年12月08日 08:03:12    日报  参与评论()人

广州市长安医院结扎后复通广州治输卵管粘连哪里比较好Psychotherapy精神疗法Expanding the shrinks垂死挣扎The popularity of CBT is freezing out more traditional forms of therapyCBT的兴起威胁着其它心理疗法THE unexamined life may not be worth living, but the overexamined life can be difficult, too. Many people are turning to a relatively young branch of “talking therapy”, called Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) to get them through the (day and) night. CBT, which teaches people to bypass unhelpful thoughts, has been elbowing aside the talk-about-your-childhood psychoanalysis favoured by believers in Freud and Jung. Up to 43% of all therapy courses in Britain are now CBT, and the practice is increasing: around 6,000 new therapists have been trained since 2007 and CBT absorbs much public funding. In 2012, 213m went on a National Health Service programme delivering CBT, while 172m was spent on all other forms of psychoanalysis and psychotherapy.不经任何检验的生活是无意义的,但是检验过多的生活也并非容易。现在很多人都比较青睐近来出现的“谈话治疗”,又称“认知行为治疗”(CBT),借其顺利度过(白天或)晚上。认知行为治疗(CBT)主要引导患者除去无用的想法,现人气已经大大超过了之前曾得到弗洛伊德和荣格持者的大力吹捧的“说说童年”心理分析疗法。现如今,英国有超过43%的心理疗法课程都采用认知行为治疗方法(CBT),且它的实际运用也越来越普遍:自2007年起,CBT行业已培养6000名治疗专家,并吸收了不少社会资金。2012年,在政府投资的全面健康务项目中,CBT占2.13万英镑,而其它精神疗法总共才得到1.72万英镑。The growing popularity of CBT was consolidated in 2007, when the government adopted the treatment as standard. Three things had swayed it. The newish practice had accumulated a body of evidence proving it worked (students of Freud and Jung have been slower to move from couch to lab). It was very good at getting patients back to the office: a 1997 study found people with psychological problems had significantly higher employment rates after CBT than after traditional psychoanalysis. It was also speedy, getting results after just ten one-hour sessions (psychoanalysis can, expensively, take a lifetime). So CBT therapists were trained up and given all the plum NHS jobs, consigning other therapies largely to private practice.2007年,在政府宣布CBT为标准治疗法后,它的人气再度上涨,地位得以坚实巩固。CBT虽然出现时间较近,但已有大量据明它的功效(弗洛伊德和荣格的学生就没能这么迅速地从诊察台转移到研究室,着手深入调查研究。)此疗法在帮助患者重就业方面效果显著:1997年的研究结果显示,接受CBT疗法的群体的就业率要比接受传统精神疗法高得多。并且,该疗法周期也短的多,每次治疗一小时,持续十次就可以看到效果(而那些精神疗法或许会足足耗费一生)。正因如此,国家大力培养CBT治疗师,并且分配他们NHS(英国国民保健系统)的全部美差,同时还允许他们可以自由行动。As a result couch-based psychotherapy, once dominant, now caters mostly to the rich—an hours session costs between 50 () and 500—and is geographically skewed: there are more psychoanalysts in NW3, a posh London postcode, says Phillip Hodson, a fellow of the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy, than in the counties of Devon and Somerset combined. CBT therapists, via GP referrals and hospital departments, can now reach anyone nationwide for free. Private practice psychoanalysis is also set to struggle as evidence-based results and regulation become more important. In 2007 non-NHS therapists resisted a proposed regulatory body, claiming it would squash creativity—a mistake in a profession so easily infiltrated by quacks.结果,这种以诊查为主的心理治疗法盛行后,如今主要是为了迎合富贵人家—小时的诊疗收费达50至500英镑—且它的地理分布也是极为不平衡:英国心理咨询和心理治疗协会会员菲利浦·哈德森(Phillip Hodson)称,在繁华地带的NW3地区的心理治疗师比德文郡和萨默赛特两乡村合计还多。CBT治疗师在全科医生和医院有关部门的引荐下,如今已经可以为全国人民免费治疗。个人所开展的心理治疗法也在努力成为有理可循的治疗法,因此制定有关规定显得更加重要。2007年,一名非NHS的心理治疗师强烈反对政府所出台得一套规章制度,认为这会抑制大家的创新力——这是职业通病,却极易被江湖郎中给占便宜。Meanwhile the CBT boost has expanded the British therapy industry: since 2007, spending on psychotherapy has moved from 3% to 7% of Britains mental health budget-the difference mostly spent on CBT. In shrink-happy America, by contrast, the psychotherapy industry is declining. In 1998, 15.9% of Americas depression and anxiety cases were referred to therapists. In 2007 that was down to 10.5%. The British therapy boom is also a triumph for consumer choice: a recent survey showed patients preferred therapy to medication by a ratio of three to one.与此同时,CBT的大兴又促进了英国心理治疗行业的发展:自2007年以来,国民在精神疗法上的出由原来只占心理健康总出的3%升至7%,而多出来的部分主要用于CBT治疗。而相反,在幸福指数下滑的美国,心理治疗行业却日渐下滑。早在1998年,15.9%的忧郁和焦虑患者都会求助心理治疗师。而到了2007年,这个人数降至10.5%。英国心理治疗行业的大兴再次表明现今顾客为大的世道:近期一项调查结果显示,相比药物治疗,75%的患者更倾向于心理治疗。Peter Fogarty of University College, London argues that CBT has entered a virtuous circle: money pours into research, evidence accumulates, more financial support is given to the newly credible treatment and other forms of psychotherapy are excluded. Even if they are not, the complexity of the NHS means it may be hard to switch gears. Policymakers will not be keen to disentangle CBT from the vast NHS machinery, nor to write off years spent training new therapists.伦敦大学学院的教授彼特. 福格蒂认为CBT开始了良性循环:大量资金投入相关研究,研究又积累更多真实数据,带来可靠的研究结果,而后这种新的可靠治疗得到更多财政补助,得到进一步推广,渐渐地把其它心理疗法给淘汰了。即使这些疗法没被淘汰,在NHS这样复杂交错的系统里,它们也很难翻身,扭转当前局势。当局者根本不希望把CBT从庞大的NHS体系中剔除,也不希望这么多年只是在白白地培养新的心理治疗师。CBT is no panacea, and psychoanalysis has been shown to be better in treating illnesses like eating disorders. It is finally launching studies to measure its effectiveness in an effort to regain some ground. Either way, it appears the stereotype of the buttoned-up Brit, unwilling to delve into his or her subconscious, may be eroding.CBT不是万灵丹,实践也实,精神分析法在治疗饮食紊乱等问题上比CBT更见效。CBT最终是会激起社会研究热潮,促进其它治疗法大力研究自身治疗效果,以说大众,保住自己的一席之位。不管怎样,这显示了英国以往沉默寡言和保守不前的内质,不愿意深入研究自己潜意识的想法,而如今这种特质正在不断褪去。 翻译:徐珍 校对:朱大素 译文属译生译世 /201410/336585广州天河哪家人流手术 广州天河妇科医院哪最好

广州天河人民医院做人流Parallax is phenomenon by which we can judge the distance to things just by looking at them.视差是我们目测事物的距离时所产生的现象。Astronomers use parallax to calculate the distance to stars.天文学家利用视差来计算我们到恒星的距离。Do you need a gigantic computer-based observatory to use it?你需要使用一个庞大的以计算机为基础的天文台吗?Not at all. Your finger will do nicely.根本不用。你的手指就可以做得很好。Put one finger up in front of your face and close one eye, then the other.放一只手指在你的面前,闭上一只眼睛,然后换另一只眼睛。Your finger seems to jump back and forth between two positions.你的手指似乎在两个位置之间来回移动。Thats because the perspective from each eye is slightly different,and your brain combines these images to give you a sense of three dimensional space.这是因为每只眼睛的角度稍有不同,大脑合成的这些影会给你一种三维空间感。Notice, however, that the farther you move your finger away the less discrepancy there is between theimages.但是,请注意,你的手指放得越远,这些图像之间位置的差异就越小。Parallax must decrease with distance!视差会随着距离增加而减少。This is an exciting discovery, because we can now use parallax to judge the distance to objects out in space.这是一个令人兴奋的发现,因为我们可以利用视差来判断与外太空物体的距离。Heres how.下面我们来说说怎样做到。Because the earth moves around the sun in one years time, every six months it is as far away fromwhere it was six months ago as it can get.因为地球围绕太阳公转一圈是一年的时间,每六个月后它的位置离六个月前最远。That distance is like the distance between your eyes.这之间的距离就像你两眼之间的距离一样。Images taken of a far-off object in January can be compared with images of the object in June.在一月拍摄的远距离物体可与六月拍摄的相比较,The apparentmotion of the object due to parallax tells us how far away it is from earth.根据视差所表现的物体的明显运动轨迹能够告诉我们它离地球有多远。But wait! How do you know that your telescope is pointed in exactly the right direction?但是等等,你怎么知道你的望远镜是指向的正确的方向?By aligning itwith the so-called “fixed stars”–stars so far away they show no parallax motion whatsoever.通过对准所谓的“恒星”-星星如此之远以至于它们没有视差运动的现象。Against that unmoving background, the closer stars can be picked out.与静止的背景形成对比,比较近的星星就可以被挑选出来。 201412/346607广州看内分泌失调去哪家医院 广州白云看子宫内膜炎的医院

番禺中心医院B超How many of you are just thinking about it right now.有多少人现在正在脑补这部电影Its making tons of money.Its the NO.1 film in the country.电影赚了一大票 国内票房第一And now other studios are just trying to catch.现在其他制片公司都竞相模仿Whenever something is popular,everyone tries to make a version of it.只要某样东西成了潮流 大家就都竞相模仿This is Disney. Look at what Disney is...这是迪士尼 看看迪士尼在Its a classic Disney movie and this is what they are doing.这是部迪士尼的经典影片 这是他们最新的版本Its you?, isnt it?Just so.Theyre all looking at you.是你 对不对 是我 他们都在看你Believe me. They are all looking at you.I dont do romance.相信我 他们是在看你 我不会玩浪漫Thats not right.I remember that Cinderella was an innocent story这可不对 我记得;灰姑娘;是一个about a prince with a foot fetish.Now look at them.关于恋足癖王子的纯情故事 你看看现在50 Shades of Grey is not the only big movie at the Box Office at this weekend.这周不止;五十度灰; 这一部大片上映Theres ;American Sniper; And theres ;Sponge Bob;.还有;美国狙击手;和;海绵宝宝;That movie is supposed to be...这部电影被认为是 /201510/404854 Authorities say a Virginia Tech freshman was charged with murder Saturday night after the remains of a 13-year-old girl who disappeared from her home were found in North Carolina. 当局称,一名弗吉尼亚理工学院的大一新生周六晚上被指控谋杀罪,一名13岁女孩在家失踪,尸体在北卡罗来纳州发现。Police said Nicole Madison Lovell was last seen between 7 p.m. and midnight Wednesday at her home in Blacksburg, Virginia. 警方表示,妮科尔·麦迪逊·洛弗尔最后一次出现时间在下午七点到半夜,地点位于她弗吉尼亚黑堡的家中,David E. Eisenhauer, of Columbia, Maryland, is in custody. 马里兰州哥伦比的戴维·艾森豪尔被拘留。He was arrested Saturday morning at his residence on campus and charged with felony abduction. 周六早上他在校园的居住处被逮捕,因严重绑架罪被指控。Police said they acted on tips and social media to identify him.警方表示,他们通过指导和社会媒体确认了犯罪嫌疑人。译文属。201602/425087广州检查输卵管哪里好广州番禺哪家做人流最好

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