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Download Video: mp4 (86MB) | mp3 (3MB)President Bush Discusses Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 THE PRESIDENT: Thank you all. (Applause.) Thank you very much. David, thank you for the introduction, and thank you for the warm welcome. I'm pleased to be here at Guernsey Office Products. I want to thank all of you all for working hard to make this visit as comfortable as it is. It's not easy to host the President; I understand. (Laughter.) But thank you very much, David, for being an entrepreneur, a dreamer, a doer, and for providing people stable work.It's interesting to know that Guernsey is a trusted name throughout the Washington area. You sell everything from office supplies to coffee products to furnishings. David is a good marketer; he said, listen, I understand you're going to be retiring here pretty soon. (Laughter.) Do you need some furniture in your new digs in Texas? (Laughter.)I met David at the White House earlier and it was my honor to welcome him to the White House compound. And I appreciate you welcoming me here to your business.I know that small businesses like Guernsey around the nation are feeling the impact of the financial crisis. And I appreciate you giving me a chance to come and visit with you about what the government is going to do, how we're going to address the challenge, and how we're going to get this economy back on track.There's no doubt that people from all walks of life and all aspects understand that we're having serious times. Families are squeezed by the high price of gasoline, and feeling the pinch of food prices and monthly mortgage payments. Workers are anxious about whether their paychecks will stretch. Some workers are anxious about whether or not they're going to keep their jobs.We also know that we're the most dynamic economy in the world, that we have been through tough times before, and that we're going to come through this time again. Our entrepreneurial system has delivered unparalleled levels of productivity and growth and prosperity. During my presidency, we have faced tough times after the terrorist attack of 9/11 and we came through strongly. And we're going to come through this. No question the times are tough, but no question America will emerge. And yet, we got some work to do, and that's what I want to share with you.The immediate challenge facing the economy is a lack of credit. The problem became clear when the housing market declined, and complex financial assets related to home mortgages dropped in value. People put together securities based upon mortgages, and when the mortgage's value went down, so did those securities. And this led banks that owned the securities to suffer losses. And then they found themselves short on capital. Some banks have failed. And other banks, in reaction, have restricted lending to businesses and to each other. And that's the definition of a credit crunch: people just are not lending.Nations around the world, especially in Europe, are facing severe shortages of their own. So this isn't a problem just in the ed States; it's a problem that is worldwide.To some people, the credit crunch might sound simply like technical talk; it's a technical matter. But the people who work in Guernsey, you understand that credit is the fuel that drives economic expansion and job creation. And here's how: See, when credit runs dry in one part of our economy, there's a chain reaction. So you want to sell a desk to somebody. That person needs to borrow the money in the short term to buy the desk. And yet, because the credit has tightened, because some banks are lending, a potential customer doesn't have the money to buy your desk, and that affects you. So a lot of the talk that you're hearing about credit crunches applies directly to your business here at Guernsey. It hurts your suppliers. It affects the entire economy.Similar stories play out not only in businesses like Guernsey, but all across the economy. And if the credit crunch were allowed to worsen, the outcome would become much worse, with widesp job losses, and this country could be in possibly a painful and deep recession.So I decided to do something about it. As you know, I'm a market-oriented person. I believe markets ought to be allowed to work -- until I was convinced that this time the government needed to act, and needed to act boldly, in the face of a significant problem. So I went to Congress and I asked Congress to pass a rescue package. And there were some tough moments in the negotiations, as you might remember. Nevertheless, Republicans and Democrats did come together to pass a good bill that will enable us to handle this challenge head on.Now, the plan will provide the government a range of tools to help banks rebuild capital, for example, so they can help move credit that will enable people to buy your desks; that it will make it more likely people are going to have less job insecurity. When you're building desks and selling desks, you find work and you keep work.The bill ensures that responsible, hardworking Americans are protected. I mean, one thing is for certain, we don't want your money to reward failed executives. There's oversight as the bill gets implemented. In other words, people in Washington will worry whether there's too much power in the Treasury, therefore, let's have reasonable oversight. And I agree, I think that makes a lot of sense.It temporarily expands federal insurance; bank and credit union deposits of up to 0,000. That's important. In essence, it's a safeguard for a lot of small businesses and a lot of families. In other words, if you've got cash in a bank of up to 0,000, it's safe. The FDIC has never failed to make good on its promise, and it won't fail to make good on its promise.These are urgently needed steps. They will help bring stability to the volatile markets. They'll help protect 401(k)s and retirement accounts. And as the markets begin to stabilize, it will help markets overseas.I have been in close contact with European leaders -- I was on the phone with them this morning -- to ensure that our actions are closely coordinated. We live in a globalized world. We want to make sure that we're effective at what we do. Once we made the decision that there is a role for the federal government to move to stabilize the markets we want to make sure that all of us move in the best coordinated way as possible.Interestingly enough, the finance ministers from the G7 and other leading nations will be here in Washington this weekend to make sure that the response is coordinated.It's going to take time for these actions that I've described to you in the bill to have full effect. You want to make sure that when we move, we move effectively. You want to make sure that the plan is well thought-out and well delivered. Thawing the freeze in the financial system is not going to happen overnight, but it will be a process that unfolds over several stages. And obviously the first stage began last Friday, when I signed the rescue package into law.And so the Treasury Department is moving aggressively to implement the new authorities. In the meantime, the Federal Reserve and the FDIC will use their powers to help stabilize the markets. Just this morning, the Federal Reserve announced action to provide additional liquidity to credit markets. The federal government moved -- Federal Reserve moved to try to free up liquidity so that this credit crisis begins to unwind.A few weeks from now the main elements of the new legislation will begin to kick into gear. And as banks rebuild their capital, they'll be able to increase lending to each other and begin approving new loans for families and businesses. It's not going to happen all at once; it will be a gradual process and it's going to take time to have its full effect.As the banking sector and the market for troubled assets recover, the government will begin to recoup some of the taxpayers' funds invested in the recovery. In other words, some of these assets that were taken are at a depressed value. Home ownership -- homeowners -- home prices are down, the value of the assets are down. Eventually, we expect that much, if not all, of the tax dollars will be recouped.The financial troubles are the most urgent challenges facing our economy today, but they're not the only ones. And we'll spend a little time talking about them, and then I'll be glad to answer some questions if you have any.One pressing concern is obviously the cost of energy. The cost of energy affects families, but it affects businesses as well, like Guernsey, which rely on energy to ship and make your products. High energy costs obviously are attributable to the high price of oil and natural gas. And that's why this administration, in working with Congress, has dramatically expanded funding for research into alternatives, including hybrid car batteries, fuels like ethanol and biodiesel, solar and wind power, and safe and nuclear power -- safe and clean nuclear power.The rescue package I signed last week extended tax incentives to alternative energy sources. In other words, the rescue package was just not aimed at dealing with the financial issues; it was aimed at dealing with the energy issues, too, to help encourage alternative energy so we become less dependent on foreign oil. However, in the meantime, we need to be drilling. I mean, I'd rather us drill here than send our money overseas. And we can do so in environmentally friendly ways. Congress responded to the will of the people by lifting the ban on offshore energy exploration, which is good. It's going to take a while to go through all the permitting and all the environmental regulations, but nevertheless, a step was -- a positive step was taken to become less dependent on foreign oil.Another issue is home foreclosures, and there's a smart way to deal with that. The truth of the matter is, people -- some people bought home far beyond their means. Some people bought homes to simply speculate. But there's also a lot of sensible homeowners who can make ends meet with just a little bit of help, and that's what we want. We want people -- to help people stay in their homes. And so we've created what's called HOPE NOW, which brings together homeowners, lenders, mortgage services and others to find ways to prevent foreclosures, to help people work through the current mortgage issues.I told you that mortgages were bundled up into securities that banks bought, and as those securities went down in value, it affected the banks' balance sheets. Well, interestingly enough, when you securitize mortgages and sell them, it means that the people who originated your mortgage is -- no longer owns the paper. And so a lot of people say, who can I talk to to help me refinance my home? Where do I go? And so the HOPE NOW allowance -- Alliance is an opportunity to say to folks, here's how you can find ways to renegotiate your paper -- renegotiate your note. And it's working.And by the way, we got another initiative out of the Federal Housing Administration, and all these programs have so far helped more than 2 millions Americans stay in their homes. In other words, there's an ongoing attempt to help people who need just a little help to be able to pay off their mortgages. And by the way, most people are paying off their mortgages, which ultimately means these mortgage-backed securities, the value that we may end up owning will be recouped. And that's why I say there's a good chance the taxpayers will get their money back.Every American knows the burden of taxes. During the tough economic time, that burden falls especially hard. A lot of people are wondering whether or not their taxes are going to go up. One of the interesting things about the package I signed is that it does prevent the Alternative Minimum Tax from kicking in, which would have cost 26 million Americans ,200 apiece. During this economic uncertainty, we don't need to be raising taxes.200810/52225

国际英文演讲高手 Chapter3-6暂无文本 200709/17882

Divided into twenty four,or even a smaller number,of separate communities,如果我国分裂为24个独立的地区,或者即使数量上少一些,we shall see our internal trade burdened with numberless restraints and exactions;我们的国内贸易将为无数的限制和苛税所累;communication between distant points and sections obstructed or cut off;遥远的市镇与地区之间的通讯联系将受阻或被切断;our sons made soldiers to deluge with blood the fields they now till in peace;我们的孩子将被迫当兵,使他们现在还在和平耕种的土地血流成河;the mass of our people borne down and impoverished by taxes to support armies and navies,人民为负担陆海军的赋税而陷入贫困,and military leaders at the head of their victorious legions becoming our lawgivers and judges.率领着得胜军团的军事领袖们将成为我们的立法者和审判官。The loss of liberty,of all good government,of peace,plenty,and happiness,must inevitably follow a dissolution of the Union.随着联邦的解体,我们将不可避免地失去自由,失去这绝好的政体,失去和平、富裕和幸福。In supporting it,therefore,we support all that is dear to the freeman and the philanthropist.因此,持联邦,我们就持了自由人和爱主义者所珍视的一切。The time at which stand before you is full of interest.我站在你们面前的这一时刻充分地引起了人们的注意。The eyes of all nations are fixed on our Republic.世界各国的目光都在注视着我们的共和政体。The event of the existing crisis will be decisive in the opinion of mankind of the practicability of our federal system of government.目前这个危机的结果将决定全人类对我们联邦制政府的可行性的看法。Great is the stake placed in our hands;置于我们手中的赌注是巨大的;great is the responsibility which must rest upon the people of the ed States.置于美国人民肩上的责任是重大的。Let us realize the importance of the attitude in which we stand before the world.让我们意识到我们对全世界表明的这种态度的重要性。Let us exercise forbearance and firmness .让我们运用我们的克制态度和坚定信念。Let us extricate our country from the dangers which surround it and learn wisdom from the lessons they inculcate.让我们将我们的国家所从处的危险中解脱出来,从这些危险所反复说明的教训中汲取智慧。Deeply impressed with the truth of these observations,这些观察所得出的道理给我留下深刻的印象。and under the obligation of that solemn oath which I am about to take.既然我必须对我即将作的庄严誓词负责,I shall continue to exert all my faculties to maintain the just powers of the Constitution and to transmit unimpaired to posterity the blessings of our Federal Union.我将继续竭尽全力维护宪法所规定的正当权力,将我们合众国的福扯无损地传至后代。At the same time,it will be my aim to inculcate by my official acts the necessity of exercising by the General Government those powers only that are clearly delegated;同时,我的目标是,以我的官方行动,反复灌输中央政府只行使明确地授予它的权力的必要性;to encourage simplicity and economy in the expenditures of the Government;鼓励政府节俭开;to raise no more money from the people than may be requisite for these objects,不向人民征收超过达到这些目标所需要的款项,and in a manner that will best promote the interests of all classes of the community and of all portions of the Union.最大限度地提高社会各阶级和联邦各州的利益。Constantly bearing in mind that in entering into society;individuals must give up a share of liberty to preserve the rest,;我们要时刻牢记,在进入社会“个人必须放弃一份自由以维护其他人的自由,”it will be my desire so to discharge my duties as to foster with our brethren in all parts of the country a spirit of liberal concession and compromise,我的愿望将是履行我的职责,并和全国各地的同胞们一起,培养一种宽容谦让的精神。and,by reconciling our fellow_citizens to those partial sacrifices which they must unavoidably make for the preservation of a greater good,使我们的公民安心于为维护更大的利益而必须作出部分的牺牲。to recommend our invaluable Government and Union to the confidence and affections of the American people.从而使我们宝贵的政府和联邦能得美国人民的信任和爱戴。02/436205

  But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. And so, weve come to cash this check, a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice.We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of Now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of Gods children.It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. This sweltering summer of the Negros legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a beginning. And those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. And there will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges.201111/161192


  The President's vision to "Win the Future" spelled out in his State of the Union Address was not one founded on vague dreams of a brighter day ahead -- it was founded on ideas, advancements, and principles aly cropping up across the country that can help keep America on top if we only stand by them. Read the Transcript | Download Video: mp4 (205MB) | mp3 (20MB) 201102/124940

  |fVB0uJ~zgaDo]nP~DWatnThey decide what 40 to 50 million Americans will learn of the days events in the nation and in the world. We cannot measure this power and influence by the traditional democratic standards, for these men can create national issues overnight. They can make or break by their coverage and commentary a moratorium on the war. They can elevate men from obscurity to national prominence within a week. They can reward some politicians with national exposure and ignore others.For millions of Americans the network reporter who covers a continuing issue -- like the ABM or civil rights -- becomes, in effect, the presiding judge in a national trial by jury.It must be recognized that the networks have made important contributions to the national knowledge -- through news, documentaries, and specials. They have often used their power constructively and creatively to awaken the public conscience to critical problems.The networks made hunger and black lung disease national issues overnight. The TV networks have done what no other medium could have done in terms of dramatizing the horrors of war. The networks have tackled our most difficult social problems with a directness and an immediacythats the gift of their medium. They focus the nations attention on its environmental abuses -- on pollution in the Great Lakes and the threatened ecology of the Everglades. But it was also the networks that elevated Stokely Carmichael and George Lincoln Rockwell from obscurity to national prominence.I^hKV%8X7M!kW5V*C|rEsYiWaPEwYV;[+dR.VK+201202/171451Lyndon Baines JohnsonOn Vietnam and Not Seeking Reelection delivered 31 March 1968[AUTHENTICITY CERTIFIED: Text version below transcribed directly from audio.]Good evening, my fellow Americans:Tonight I want to speak to you of peace in Vietnam and Southeast Asia. No other question so preoccupies our people. No other dream so absorbs the 250 million human beings who live in that part of the world. No other goal motivates American policy in Southeast Asia.For years, representatives of our Governments and others have traveled the world seeking to find a basis for peace talks. Since last September they have carried the offer that I made public at San Antonio. And that offer was this:That the ed States would stop its bombardment of North Vietnam when that would lead promptly to productive discussions -- and that we would assume that North Vietnam would not take military advantage of our restraint.Hanoi denounced this offer, both privately and publicly. Even while the search for peace was going on, North Vietnam rushed their preparations for a savage assault on the people, the government, and the allies of South Vietnam. Their attack -- during the Tet holidays -- failed to achieve its principal objectives. It did not collapse the elected Government of South Vietnam or shatter its army -- as the Communists had hoped. It did not produce a "general uprising" among the people of the cities, as they had predicted. The Communists were unable to maintain control of any of the more than 30 cities that they attacked. And they took very heavy casualties. But they did compel the South Vietnamese and their allies to move certain forces from the countryside into the cities. They caused widesp disruption and suffering. Their attacks, and the battles that followed, made refugees of half a million human beings.The Communists may renew their attack any day. They are, it appears, trying to make 1968 the year of decision in South Vietnam -- the year that brings, if not final victory or defeat, at least a turning point in the struggle.This much is clear: If they do mount another round of heavy attacks, they will not succeed in destroying the fighting power of South Vietnam and its allies. But tragically, this is also clear: Many men -- on both sides of the struggle -- will be lost. A nation that has aly suffered 20 years of warfare will suffer once again. Armies on both sides will take new casualties. And the war will go on. There is no need for this to be so. There is no need to delay the talks that could bring an end to this long and this bloody war.Tonight, I renew the offer I made last August: to stop the bombardment of North Vietnam. We ask that talks begin promptly, that they be serious talks on the substance of peace. We assume that during those talks Hanoi will not take advantage of our restraint. We are prepared to move immediately toward peace through negotiations. So tonight, in the hope that this action will lead to early talks, I am taking the first step to de-escalate the conflict. We are reducing -- substantially reducing -- the present level of hostilities, and we are doing so unilaterally and at once.Tonight, I have ordered our aircraft and our naval vessels to make no attacks on North Vietnam, except in the area north of the demilitarized zone where the continuing enemy buildup directly threatens allied forward positions and where the movements of their troops and supplies are clearly related to that threat. The area in which we are stopping our attacks includes almost 90 percent of North Vietnam's population, and most of its territory. Thus, there will be no attacks around the principal populated areas, or in the food-producing areas of North Vietnam.Even this very limited bombing of the North could come to an early end -- if our restraint is matched by restraint in Hanoi. But I cannot in good conscience stop all bombing so long as to do so would immediately and directly endanger the lives of our men and our allies. Whether a complete bombing halt becomes possible in the future will be determined by events. Our purpose in this action is to bring about a reduction in the level of violence that now exists. It is to save the lives of brave men --and to save the lives of innocent women and children. It is to permit the contending forces to move closer to a political settlement. And tonight I call upon the ed Kingdom and I call upon the Soviet Union -- as co-chairmen of the Geneva conferences, and as permanent members of the ed Nations Security Council -- to do all they can to move from the unilateral act of de-escalation that I have just announced toward genuine peace in Southeast Asia.Now, as in the past, the ed States is y to send its representatives to any forum, at any time, to discuss the means of bringing this ugly war to an end. I am designating one of our most distinguished Americans, Ambassador Averell Harriman, as my personal representative for such talks. In addition, I have asked Ambassador Llewellyn Thompson, who returned from Moscow for consultation, to be available to join Ambassador Harriman at Geneva or any other suitable place -- just as soon as Hanoi agrees to a conference.I call upon President Ho Chi Minh to respond positively, and favorably, to this new step toward peace. But if peace does not come now through negotiations, it will come when Hanoi understands that our common resolve is unshakable, and our common strength is invincible.Tonight, we and the other allied nations are contributing 600,000 fighting men to assist 700,000 South Vietnamese troops in defending their little country. Our presence there has always rested on this basic belief: The main burden of preserving their freedom must be carried out by them -- by the South Vietnamese themselves.We and our allies can only help to provide a shield behind which the people of South Vietnam can survive and can grow and develop. On their efforts -- on their determinations and resourcefulness --the outcome will ultimately depend. That small, beleaguered nation has suffered terrible punishment for more than 20 years. I pay tribute once again tonight to the great courage and the endurance of its people. South Vietnam supports armed forces tonight of almost 700,000 men, and I call your attention to the fact that that is the equivalent of more than 10 million in our own population. Its people maintain their firm determination to be free of domination by the North.There has been substantial progress, I think, in building a durable government during these last three years. The South Vietnam of 1965 could not have survived the enemy's Tet offensive of 1968. The elected government of South Vietnam survived that attack -- and is rapidly repairing the devastation that it wrought. The South Vietnamese know that further efforts are going to be required to expand their own armed forces; to move back into the countryside as quickly as possible; to increase their taxes; to select the very best men that they have for civil and military responsibilities; to achieve a new unity within their constitutional government, and to include in the national effort all those groups who wish to preserve South Vietnam's control over its own destiny. Last week President Thieu ordered the mobilization of 135,000 additional South Vietnamese. He plans to reach as soon as possible a total military strength of more than 800,000 men. To achieve this, the Government of South Vietnam started the drafting of 19-year-olds on March 1st. On May 1st, the Government will begin the drafting of 18-year-olds. Last month, 10,000 men volunteered for military service. That was two and a half times the number of volunteers during the same month last year. Since the middle of January, more than 48,000 South Vietnamese have joined the armed forces, and nearly half of them volunteered to do so.All men in the South Vietnamese armed forces have had their tours of duty extended for the duration of the war, and reserves are now being called up for immediate active duty. President Thieu told his people last week, and I e:"We must make greater efforts, we must accept more sacrifices, because as I have said many times, this is our country. The existence of our nation is at stake, and this is mainly a Vietnamese responsibility."He warned his people that a major national effort is required to root out corruption and incompetence at all levels of government. We applaud this evidence of determination on the part of South Vietnam. Our first priority will be to support their effort. We shall accelerate the re-equipment of South Vietnam's armed forces in order to meet the enemy's increased firepower. And this will enable them progressively to undertake a larger share of combat operations against the Communist invaders.On many occasions I have told the American people that we would send to Vietnam those forces that are required to accomplish our mission there. So with that as our guide we have previously authorized a force level of approximately 525,000. Some weeks ago to help meet the enemy's new offensive we sent to Vietnam about 11,000 additional Marine and airborne troops. They were deployed by air in 48 hours on an emergency basis. But the artillery and the tank and the aircraft and medical and other units that were needed to work with and support these infantry troops in combat could not then accompany them by air on that short notice.In order that these forces may reach maximum combat effectiveness, the Joint Chiefs of Staff have recommended to me that we should prepare to send during the next five months the support troops totaling approximately 13,500 men. A portion of these men will be made available from our active forces. The balance will come from reserve component units, which will be called up for service.The actions that we have taken since the beginning of the year to re-equip the South Vietnamese forces; to meet our responsibilities in Korea, as well as our responsibilities in Vietnam; to meet price increases and the cost of activating and deploying these reserve forces; to replace helicopters and provide the other military supplies we need, all of these actions are going to require additional expenditures. The tentative estimate of those additional expenditures is 2 1/2 billion dollars in this fiscal year and 2 billion, 600 million in the next fiscal year. These projected increases in expenditures for our national security will bring into sharper focus the nation's need for immediate action, action to protect the prosperity of the American people and to protect the strength and the stability of our American dollar.On many occasions I have pointed out that without a tax bill or decreased expenditures, next year's deficit would again be around billion. I have emphasized the need to set strict priorities in our spending. I have stressed that failure to act -- and to act promptly and decisively -- would raise very strong doubts throughout the world about America's willingness to keep its financial house in order.Yet Congress has not acted. And tonight we face the sharpest financial threat in the postwar era -- a threat to the dollar's role as the keystone of international trade and finance in the world.Last week, at the monetary conference in Stockholm, the major industrial countries decided to take a big step toward creating a new international monetary asset that will strengthen the international monetary system. And I'm very proud of the very able work done by Secretary Fowler and Chairman Martin of the Federal Reserve Board. But to make this system work, the ed States just must bring its balance of payments to -- or very close to -- equilibrium. We must have a responsible fiscal policy in this country. The passage of a tax bill now, together with expenditure control that the Congress may desire and dictate, is absolutely necessary to protect this nation’s security, and to continue our prosperity, and to meet the needs of our people.200806/41544

  As part of the explosion of Recovery Act projects this summer and as a move towards a clean energy future, the President announces nearly billion in conditional commitments to key solar companies. Learn more from the White House fact sheet.Download Video: mp4 (143MB) | mp3 (5MB)201007/108087A nation that fortifies the worlds most productive economy even as it protects the great natural bounty of our water, air, and majestic land.美国是全球最发达经济体,水资源,空气清洁以及土壤维护也做得很好。And in this land of new promise, we will have reformed our politics so that the voice of the people will always speak louder than the din of narrow interests我们将承诺改革,保人民诉求大于经济利益,regaining the participation and deserving the trust of all Americans.重新找回国人信心,重新人人民参与其中。Fellow citizens, let us build that America, a nation ever moving forward toward realizing the full potential of all its citizens.同胞们,让我们建设这样的美国,一个永远前进,以充分发挥全民潜力的国家。Prosperity and power yes, they are important, and we must maintain them.是的,我们必须保持繁荣强大。But let us never forget: The greatest progress we have made, and the greatest progress we have yet to make, is in the human heart.但是,我们不能忘记:我们已取得的伟大成就,我们将取得的伟大的成就,就在人民心中。In the end, all the worlds wealth and a thousand armies are no match for the strength and decency of the human spirit.到最后,整个世界的财富和千军队都无法与人类精神力量和精神文明相匹敌。Thirty-four years ago, the man whose life we celebrate today spoke to us down there, at the other end of this Mall, in words that moved the conscience of a nation.三十四年前,有一个人,他的一生为我们今天所歌颂,他就在那边,在广场的另一端对我们演讲,他的话打动了国民的良知。Like a prophet of old, he told of his dream that one day America would rise up and treat all its citizens as equals before the law and in the heart.像是一个古时的预言家,他诉说着他的梦想:有一天美国终会站起来,在法律面前和人们心中所有公民都将得到平等对待。Martin Luther Kings dream was the American Dream.马丁·路德·金的梦是美国之梦。His quest is our quest: the ceaseless striving to live out our true creed.他的要求就是我们的要求,即不断努力实现我们生活信条。Our history has been built on such dreams and labors.我们的历史就建立在这样的梦想和努力上。And by our dreams and labors we will redeem the promise of America in the 21st century.通过我们的梦想和努力,我们重赎二十一世纪美国的希望。To that effort I pledge all my strength and every power of my office.我承诺美国政府将付出决绝努力。I ask the members of Congress here to join in that pledge.我邀请国会成员进行表决。The American people returned to office a President of one party and a Congress of another.一党总统,一党国会。Surely, they did not do this to advance the politics of petty bickering and extreme partisanship they plainly deplore.当然,他们不是在加剧党派纷争。03/442750


  THE PRESIDENT: Good morning. In just eight days, the State Children's Health Insurance Program -- or "SCHIP" -- is set to expire. This important program helps children whose families cannot afford private health insurance, but who do not qualify for Medicaid, to get the coverage they need. I strongly supported SCHIP as a governor, and have strongly supported it as President. My 2008 budget proposed to increase SCHIP funding by billion over five years, a 20 percent increase over current funding. Instead of working with my Administration to enact this funding increase for children's health, Democrats in Congress have decided to pass a bill they know will be vetoed. One of their leaders has even said such a veto would be a "political victory." As if this weren't irresponsible enough, Congress is waiting until the SCHIP program is just about to expire before passing a final bill. In other words, Members of Congress are risking health coverage for poor children purely to make a political point. The proposal congressional leaders are pushing would raise taxes on working Americans and would raise spending by to billion. Their proposal would result in taking a program meant to help poor children and turning it into one that covers children in some households with incomes of up to ,000 a year. And their proposal would move millions of children who now have private health insurance into government-run health care. Our goal should be to move children who have no health insurance to private coverage -- not to move children who aly have private health insurance to government coverage. My Administration remains committed to working with Congress to pass a responsible SCHIP bill. In the meantime, I called this week for Congress to make sure health insurance for poor children does not lapse. If they fail to do so, more than a million children could lose health coverage. Health coverage for these children should not be held hostage while political ads are being made and new polls are being taken. Congress must pass a clean, temporary extension of the current SCHIP program that I can sign by September 30th, the date the program expires. In addition to extending the SCHIP program, Congress needs to focus on passing fundamental spending bills -- especially the annual funding bill for the Department of Defense. Congress must also pass additional funding for our troops fighting the war on terror. We need these bills so we can get our men and women in uniform essential equipment -- like additional armored fighting vehicles that are resistant to mines and ambushes. The American people expect their elected leaders in Washington to work together by passing responsible bills in a timely manner. I am confident that with good will on both sides, Democrats and Republicans can do this. We can meet our obligations to help poor children get health coverage. We can meet our responsibilities to the men and women keeping our Nation safe. And we can do our duty to spend the taxpayer's money wisely. Thank you for listening. 200801/23811。

  The President has been receiving updates on the urgent situation in Haiti late into last night and throughout the day, and top members of his team have been convening to formulate the government response. Download Video: mp4 (95MB) | mp3 (4MB) 201001/94560

  President's Radio Address THE PRESIDENT: Good morning. Over the past few days, we have witnessed a startling drop in the stock market -- much of it driven by uncertainty and fear. Many Americans have serious concerns about their economic well-being.Here's what the American people need to know: The ed States government is acting -- and will continue to act -- to resolve this crisis and restore stability to our markets. The Federal government has a comprehensive strategy and the tools necessary to address the challenges in our economy.Here are the problems we face and the steps we are taking: First, key markets are not functioning because there is a lack of liquidity. So the Federal Reserve has injected hundreds of billions of dollars into the system. The Fed has joined with central banks around the world to coordinate a cut in interest rates -- a step that should help free up credit. The Fed has also announced a new program to provide support for a vital tool that many American businesses use to finance their day-to-day operations -- the commercial paper market, which is freezing up. As this program kicks in over the next week or so, it will help revive a key source of short-term financing for businesses and financial institutions. Second, some Americans are concerned about whether their money is safe. So the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the National Credit Union Administration have significantly expanded the amount of money insured in savings accounts and checking accounts and certificates of deposit. That means that if you have up to 0,000 in one of these insured accounts, every penny of that money is safe. The Treasury Department has also acted to restore confidence in a key element of America's financial system by offering government insurance for money market mutual funds.Third, we are concerned that some investors could take advantage of the crisis to illegally manipulate the stock market. So the Securities and Exchange Commission is launching rigorous enforcement actions to detect fraud and manipulation in the market.Fourth, the decline in the housing market has left many Americans concerned about losing their homes. My Administration launched the HOPE NOW Alliance, which brings together homeowners and lenders and mortgage servicers and others to find ways to prevent foreclosure. We're also making it easier for responsible homeowners to refinance into affordable mortgages insured by the Federal Housing Administration. Americans listening today can know that if you're struggling to meet your mortgage there are ways you can get help.These actions are helping to address a key problem in the housing market: The supply of homes now exceeds demand. And as a result, home values have declined. Once supply and demand balance out, our housing market will be able to recover -- and that will help our broader economy begin to grow.Fifth, we have seen that problems in the financial system are not isolated to the ed States. So we're working closely with partners around the world to ensure that our actions are coordinated and effective. Today, I'm meeting with the finance ministers from our partners in the G-7 and the heads of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. And Treasury Secretary Paulson is also hosting finance ministers from the world's 20 leading economies.Finally, American businesses and consumers are struggling to obtain credit. So my Administration worked with Congress to pass a 0 billion financial rescue package. This new law authorizes the Treasury Department to use a variety of measures to help banks rebuild capital -- including buying or insuring troubled assets and purchasing the equity of financial institutions. The Department will implement measures that have maximum impact as quickly as possible. Seven hundred billion dollars is a significant amount of money, and as we act, we will do it in an effective way.In the short term, we'll continue to face challenges. But in the long run, Americans have reason to be confident. We have the strongest and most resilient economy in the world. When we have faced difficult tests in the past, the American people have always risen to meet them. And that is exactly what we're going to do again.Thank you for listening.200810/52711

  My fellow countryman: When four years ago we met to inaugurate a President, the Republic, single-minded in anxiety, stood in spirit here.4年前,当我们聚在一起举行总统就职典礼,合众国忧心如焚,群情激奋。We dedicated ourselves to the fulfillment of a vision我们致力于实现一个理想to speed the time when there would be for all the people that security and peace essential to the pursuit of happiness.让全体人民为追求幸福所必不可少的安全与和平环境早日到来。We of the Republic pledged ourselves to drive from the temple of our ancient faith those who had profaned it;我们合众国人民立下誓言:要把玷污我们传统信仰的人赶出庙堂;to end by action, tireless and unafraid, the stagnation and despair of that day. We did those first things first.要坚韧不拔地、无所畏惧地用行动来结束当时的萧条和失望,我们首先解决了这些当务之急。Our covenant with ourselves did not stop there.我们的誓约没有就此止步。Instinctively we recognized a deeper need the need to find through government需要通过政府找到实现共同目标的手段,the instrument of our united purpose to solve for the individual the ever-rising problems of a complex civilization.为每个人去解决复杂文明社会所日益产生的问题。Repeated attempts at their solution without the aid of government had left us baffled and bewildered.试图不要政府的帮助来解决这些问题,已使我们屡屡碰壁和一筹莫展。For, without that aid, we had been unable to create those moral controls over the services of science囵为,没有这种帮助,我们就无法从道德上来控制科学的使用;which are necessary to make science a useful servant instead of a ruthless master of mankind.有了这种必要的控制,才能把科学变成人类的有用的仆人,而不是无情的主人。To do this we knew that we must find practical controls over blind economic forces and blindly selfish men.为了做到这一点。我们知道必须找到切实可行的办法,控制那些盲目的经济力量和利令智昏的人。We of the Republic sensed the truth that democratic government has innate capacity to protect its people against disasters once considered inevitable,我们合众国人民认识到一条真理:民主政府生来就有能力保护人民,使他们免遭一度认为是不可避免的灾难,to solve problems once considered unsolvable.解决一度认为是不可解决的问题。We would not admit that we could not find a way to master economic epidemics just as,after centuries of fatalistic suffering, we had found a way to master epidemics of disease.我们听天由命地忍受了几个世纪之后,找到了控制瘟疫的办法,所以,我们不承认找不到控制经济瘟疫的办法。We refused to leave the problems of our common welfare to be solved by the winds of chance and the hurricanes of disaster.我们拒绝把我们的共同福利问题交给机会的阵风和灾难的狂飙去摆布。In this we Americans were discovering no wholly new truth; we were writing a new chapter in our book of self-government.在这方面,我们美国人不是在发明全新的真理。而是在为我们的自治史册写下新的篇章。02/438675

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